Chicken Karaage | Japanese Fried Chicken

Employees at Union Square Tokyo have developed their own family meal repertoire. Their version of fried chicken has the requisite crunch thanks to potato starch, which is found in the baking or kosher food section of most supermarkets. Boneless chunks of marinated chicken are lightly coated in egg white and potato starch, then twice-fried briefly until crisp. The first frying cooks the chicken through, and the second frying, at a higher temperature, turns it to golden brown perfection.–Michael Romano and Karen Stabiner

LC Gluten-Free Godliness Note

After trying this chicken karaage (pronounced kah rah ah geh), we’ve newfound respect for potato starch—and a newfound fried chicken fix. Talk about gluten-free godliness (uh, provided you use a soy sauce that’s expressly labeled g or substitute tamari, mind you).

Special Equipment: deep-fry or candy thermometer

Chicken Karaage Recipe

  • Quick Glance
  • 35 M
  • 1 H, 40 M
  • Serves 6 to 8

Ingredients

  • 3 tablespoons grated garlic cloves (from about 8 cloves)
  • 4 teaspoons grated fresh ginger
  • 1/2 cup soy sauce or tamari, preferably low-sodium
  • 1/4 cup sake
  • 2 tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 3 pounds boneless, skinless chicken, preferably dark meat, cut into 1 1/2-inch pieces
  • 3 large egg whites, lightly beaten
  • 3/4 cup potato starch
  • Vegetable oil for deep-frying

Directions

  • 1. Combine the garlic, ginger, soy sauce, sake, sugar, salt, and pepper in a bowl large enough to hold the chicken and stir until the sugar dissolves. Add the chicken and toss to coat. Cover and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes or up to 2 hours.
  • 2. About 30 minutes before you intend to cook the chicken, remove it from the refrigerator and let it sit at room temperature.
  • 3. Drain the chicken, discard the marinade, and then return the chicken to the bowl. Add the egg whites and stir and turn to coat all the pieces. Add the potato starch and mix well.
  • 4. Heat 2 inches oil over medium heat in a wok or heavy, deep-sided pot until it reaches 325°F (163°C) on a deep-fry or candy thermometer. Fry the chicken in batches, being careful not to crowd the pan, just until the chicken is cooked through on the inside and golden brown on the outside, about 4 minutes. Remove the chicken with a slotted spoon and drain on paper towels or a brown paper bag. The chicken will look done, although it will not be fully crisp yet. Wait until the temperature of the oil returns to 325°F (163°C) before frying the next batches.
  • 5. Heat the oil to 375°F (190°C). Using the slotted spoon, return the chicken to the oil in batches and fry until crisp, 1 to 2 minutes. Drain on clean paper towels and serve immediately.
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Testers Choice

Testers Choice
Testers Choice
Carrie S.

Jun 03, 2013

When I was a kid I disliked sushi, yet my favorite restaurant was a sushi place because they had the most amazing kaarage chicken. This recipe is a close replica of that dish. I rarely deep-fry but once I realized that this was a recipe for one of my favorite chicken dishes, 2 inches of hot oil seemed less intimidating to me. It really is worth the effort to marinate the chicken and to take the extra time to fry it twice. The bite-sized pieces are packed with flavor and have an awesome crunchy outside. A few notes to share: Use chicken thighs over breast meat. The chicken won’t overcook and stays juicy. Definitely use low-sodium soy sauce and if you don’t, reduce the amount of salt. I used low-sodium soy sauce and kosher salt and the results were just right. The timing of the first fry was accurate for pieces that were 1 1/2 inches. (I had some smaller pieces and they cooked in about 3 minutes.) Since the chicken marinates in the soy sauce mixture, it already goes into the oil a bit dark, and the first fry does darken the chicken even more. It doesn’t look pale or light but keep an eye on the coating getting too dark because the second fry could result in a burnt coating. The chicken does tend to easily clump together so not overcrowding is really important. However, if the chicken pieces do clump together, they are easy to pull apart after the first fry.

Testers Choice
Jo Ann Brown

Jun 03, 2013

I am a bit of a Korean fried chicken aficionado. From the chain joints to New York K-town’s mom and pop operations, I have eaten my fair share. I’ve tried a few recipes from various blogs and sites but have been disappointed with the results. This recipe here is pretty great and comes dangerously close to what I have come to understand is Korean fried chicken. If you’re wondering what makes it different from the standard in the American South, it’s the anatomy of the coating (potato starch) and the additional step of par frying. Par frying is key. The crust of American style is thick enough to encase the juices of the meat as it rests, not so with the thin coating of Korean fried chicken. You will notice when you put the batches up for the second fry the oil is super active because of the moisture in the crust.

What to expect? You would think that the first fry is to just cook the meat superficially and the second fry is to brown the crust—not so. The first fry is to cook the meat until just done and get the crust a deep golden brown, the second fry is to flash evaporate the moisture from the surface of the crust and turn the coating to a beautiful, ultra deep garnet brown that encases the meat. Genius, huh? That’s was happening in this recipe. That being said be super mindful of the size of your meat. Too thick and you run the risk of burning the coating in order to cook the meat. If you follow the times and temps in the recipe cut the meat a bit smaller, say one inch thick. That work well for me. One last note: I love my Korean chicken tossed in a super spicy and garlicky sauce- sometimes so spicy that I have to wear lip-balm to protect my lips. Serve with sweet and sour pickled diakon to cool the embers. K-heaven.

Testers Choice
Melissa Maedgen

Jun 03, 2013

This two-step method for frying boneless chicken pieces worked beautifully for me. The marinade made the chicken well-seasoned with a slight Asian flavor that wasn’t as obvious in the finished dish as you might expect. I found the frying times and temperatures to be appropriate. After the first frying, the chicken pieces were already golden, and a novice fry-cook might think they were done. While the meat is cooked through at that point, the texture of the coating will not be what it should be—it will be too soft, thus the second fry at a higher temperature to really crisp it. The end product is crunchy on the outside and tender on the inside. It’s important not to crowd the pan, and to give the oil time to come back up to temperature between batches. For me, that meant letting the oil heat back up for about 1 to 2 minutes between each batch. It is really important to keep monitoring the temperature, otherwise the oil will have a tendency to be cooler with each successive batch, and your results will be sub-par.

I think these chicken nuggets need a dipping sauce to go with them. I used a Burmese chile-garlic sauce, which was a great combination, but you have a lot of flexibility here. Despite the Asian flavors in the marinade, even a Western-style sauce could be good with this chicken.

Testers Choice
Steve Dunn

Jun 03, 2013

OMG! And let me be clear, this OMG is coming from a guy who doesn’t OMG at the drop of a hat (nor do I LOL, IDC, or IDK with abandon). Yes, this OMG is a serious thing.

I was drawn to this recipe as a means to enjoy some crispy fried chicken without the lengthy dip-dredge-dip-dredge process traditionally used when cooking this national treasure of a dish. The Asian marinade sounded perfect, as did the use of boneless-skinless dark meat— always my favorite, and the most requested cut around here. The only question I had about the recipe going in was the unorthodox (at least for me) method of coating the chicken prior to frying. The idea of dumping the egg whites and potato starch into a mixing bowl with the chicken gave me pause. In the end, this recipe offered not just a lip-smacking, crispy chicken feast, but taught me a brilliant new approach to deep frying. Huzzah!

I don’t own a deep fryer with an electronic thermostat, but rather do my frying in a large Le Creuset dutch oven which is so heavy that it allows me to modulate the temperature with ease. I followed the recipe to the letter and found that after the initial fry, the chicken looks done, a beautiful mahogany brown, and perfectly cooked through and tender. I was tempted not to proceed with the second fry, but the “skin” after the first fry, though beautiful, was not crisp. The second fry at the higher temperature took care of that, but lasted 30 to 45 seconds at most. Any more would have darkened the coating to the point of being overdone. So take care when you launch into the second fry and be prepared to pull the pieces from the oil pretty quickly.

Everyone at my table raved about the crunch of the crust and the well seasoned, wonderfully tender chicken inside. This dish will become a staple in our house and a template for future experimentation with different meats and marinades for sure.


Comments
Comments
  1. bkhuna says:

    Pronounced kah rah ah geh to be precise. This wonderful snack can be found in just about every one of a zillion convenience stores in Japan.

    • Renee Schettler Rossi says:

      Many thanks, bkhuna! Appreciate the Japanese lesson in both language and culture. Wow, if only what results from this recipe could be had at every corner store here….

  2. This chicken looks so irresistible! Great recipe, David.

    • Renee Schettler Rossi says:

      Glad you like it, Georgia! We know several folks who feel like they’ve hit the jackpot now that they can indulge in this at home after having seeking it out in Japanese restros for years….

  3. Ellen in Providence says:

    My kind of food, David. Can’t wait to try this soon! If some of your readers don’t know about potato starch it’s usually found with the gluten-free baking ingredients, but you can also find it (especially around Passover) with the kosher foods. And in a total pinch, you can always use cornstarch.

    • David Leite says:

      Ellen in Providence, thanks for the info. I love it when readers reach out to help others readers. Keep the wonderful support coming, Ellen.

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