Indian Milk Fritters | Gulab Jamun

Indian Milk Fritters

Gulab jamun is a traditional Hannukah recipe among the Bene Israel of Bombay, combining the holiday’s two primary food symbols — dairy and fried. Although gulab means “rose water” in Hindi, some people omit it from the ingredients in this recipe. Originally, this dish was made by cooking the milk over low heat for an extended period until thickened. The invention of dry milk powder led to this easier version. [Editor’s Note: Although we certainly didn’t note any lack of milky richness in this recipe by using powered milk, Marks notes in his Encyclopedia of Jewish Food that a scoop of vanilla ice cream on the side more than makes up for any lack of dairy goodness—real or imagined.]–Gil Marks

LC Shubh Diwali Note

Besides being a Hannukah treat, these rich Indian milk fritters are also a traditional Diwali sweet. Diwali is the grandest holiday of the year in India, and it tends to fall between mid-October and mid-November. It’s also celebrated in several Southeast Asian countries, and it’s known as the festival of lights, signifying the triumph of light over dark—although given the spectacular desserts that abound, heck, it may as well be dubbed the festival of sweets. Our resident gulab jamun expert, recipe tester Sita Krishnaswamy, explains that the key to achieving silky, moist jamuns is to actually simmer the just-fried fritters in the sugar syrup, rather than just dribble it over their tops, so be mindful of not skipping that step in your haste to tuck into these little orbs of fried marvelousness. Shubh Diwali. (That’s “Happy Diwali” in Hindi.)

Indian Milk Fritters

  • Quick Glance
  • 30 M
  • 40 M
  • Makes about 20 balls
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  • For the dough
  • 1 cup nonfat dry milk powder
  • 1/4 cup unbleached all-purpose flour
  • 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
  • 3 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted and cooled
  • 3 to 4 tablespoons milk
  • Vegetable oil for deep frying
  • For the syrup
  • 2 cups granulated or brown sugar
  • 2 cups water
  • 4 to 5 cardamom pods (or substitute 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon ground cardamom)
  • 1 teaspoon rose water (optional)


  • Make the milk fritter dough
  • 1. Stir together the milk powder, flour, and baking soda in a large bowl. Add the butter and rub the mixture between your fingertips until it resembles fine crumbs. Gradually stir in the milk and mix just until the dough begins to hold together. Knead briefly until smooth. Divide the dough into 20 equal balls, each about 1 1/2 teaspoons.
  • 2. Heat at least 1 inch oil in a deep-sided pot over medium heat to 350°F (175°C).
  • 3. Add the dough balls to the oil in batches, being careful not to crowd the pot. Cook, turning frequently, until golden brown on all sides, about 4 minutes. Remove with a wire mesh skimmer and transfer to a wire rack to drain. Let cool.
  • Make the syrup
  • 4. Stir the sugar and water in a large, wide skillet over low heat until the sugar dissolves, about 5 minutes. Stop stirring, increase the heat to medium, and cook until the mixture is slightly thickened and registers 225°F (110°C) on a candy thermometer, about 5 minutes.
  • 5. Meanwhile, remove and discard the cardamom pods and crush the seeds. Stir the cardamom seeds into the syrup and keep the syrup at a very gentle simmer. As you fry the jamuns, use a slotted spoon to transfer them to the simmering syrup and let soak until soft and moist. The jamuns will swell in size as they soak up the syrup. Let cool and then sprinkle with rose water, if desired. (Alternatively, you can instead simply drizzle the warm syrup over the cooled fritters and let them stand for at least 3 hours for slightly more crisp, less moist jamuns.)
  • 6. Serve the milk fritters, chilled or at room temperature, in a small puddle of the syrup. The fritters can be kept in the syrup in a resealable container in the refrigerator for up to 1 month.

Recipe Testers Reviews

This milk fritters recipe is a versatile Indian dessert and a hallmark dessert at all Indian celebrations. The key to getting those jamuns silky and moist is to simmer them in the syrup. Add the cardamom to the syrup as well. As you fry the jamuns, drain them and add them to the simmering syrup for soft and moist gulab jamuns. The jamuns will swell in size. Cool and then add rose water, if desired. I like to serve mine slightly warm. Shubh Diwali.

These milk fritters are a classic Indian dessert, and this recipe is easy enough and yummy enough for all of us to bring a bit of India into our homes! A guaranteed crowd-pleaser! The only change I would make is to use whole milk, as the nonfat milk didn’t produce the silkiness they so deserve.


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    1. Hi Katie K. Those occasional intensely dark orbs are simply dough blobs that have been intentionally left in the oil longer to achieve a darkened, almost blackened, effect. This contrast between dark and light is known as kala jamun, meaning “black jamun.” This mingling of light and dark is rife with symbolism, given that these lovely sweetened fried orbs are traditionally consumed at Diwali, a celebration the triumph of light over dark. (By the way, many thanks to recipe tester Sita Krishnaswamy for helping make sure we had all our i’s dotted and our t’s crossed for this response.)

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