How To Grill Salmon

To learn how to grill salmon so that it’s flaky and tender yet doesn’t fall through the grill, David Leite turned to grilling guru Jamie Purviance for simple, accessible, foolproof tips and tricks that you can take to your backyard.

A piece of grilled salmon on an open grill to how how to grill salmon.

The third and final installment of my great afternoon of grilling with Jamie Purviance triptych, which began with me learning how to grill steak and continued with how to make rotisserie chicken, was the one I was looking forward to the least.

Not because I was tired of Jamie. But, boy, was I tired—just look at what 10 hours of shooting can do to a guy’s hair and the bags under his eyes. [Editor’s Note: That’s David begging for you to tell him how dashing he still looks. Don’t encourage this behavior.] No, I was dreading it because the subject matter is the bane of almost every skilled griller I know: fish.

Historically, whenever I’ve grilled fish, most of it ended up dropping through the grates and getting incinerated, each piece slowly shriveling as it turned a darker shade of charred.

After these moments grew too numerous—I mean how many backyard autos-da-fé must a man witness before he gets the hint as to his lack of affinity to fire and fish?—I simply walked away from anything aquatic. I figured if I were to singe anything, at least let it be something solid that I could chase around the grill with a pair of tongs, like grilled steak or rotisserie chicken.

But during our last video of the day, Jamie taught me three important things. Well, he taught me plenty of important things, but if you remember just these three, you’ll be able to stand facing your grill with a grate full of fish and not quiver. First, use high heat. Second, the 70/30 rule. And third, the zen of fish cookery.

The use of high heat

What blew me away was that high heat—upward of 500°F (260°C)—is the ideal temperature for fish, especially salmon. It sears the fish, helps it hold together better, and creates great grill marks that result in it releasing easier.

The 70/30 rule

Lower heat, which I always thought was best for such a delicate protein, actually causes the flesh to stick worse than your aunt’s thighs on plastic car seat covers. And sticking flesh is what causes you to lose your mind—and lose your fish to the coals beneath the grates—when you try to flip your fillets.

The 70/30 rule is something chefs use. It means to cook the fish for 70 percent of the time on the first side—the flesh side—and then to flip and cook the skin side for 30 percent of the time. Again, this reduces stickiness and keeps the fish juicy. Oh, and it lets you pull off what is without a doubt the coolest grill trick of the season: removing the fillet whole while leaving the skin on the grill. Boo-yah!

The Zen of fish cookery

This is the hardest of the three major points for me to put into practice. It’s all about becoming one with the fish and having patience. That mindfulness sort of thing. (Hell, I have a hard enough time becoming one with myself, let alone joining forces with my meal.)

A plate with two grilled salmon and zucchini skewers with potatoes on the side
: Jason Ingram

But rushing things on the grill, especially something as delicate as fish, will only end up with the dog (yours or a neighbor’s) surreptitiously slinking away with your dinner that you chucked across the yard out of utter frustration. I speak from experience.

Need to practice the practice of zen cookery? I do, I must admit. But do it and you, too, will be able to create the beautiful piece of salmon as suavely as Jamie does in the video.

David Leite's signature

Originally published August 23, 2010

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Comments

  1. Can I share my personal favorite method?

    I put a big old cast iron grill on the top of my oven cavity at 500˚. I heat that sucker until it’s almost white hot.

    Meanwhile, I’m drying, salting and seasoning a big piece of salmon. Could be skinned or skin-on (but Costco sells a side of fresh salmon skin on so that’s what I typically use). I usually let my seasoned fish sit at room temp about 20 minutes for the salt to tighten up the flesh.

    When I’m ready to oven grill, I drizzle olive oil on the flesh side and then run my oiled hands along the skin side. I turn the oven from roasting to broiling and put the fish skin side down on the blazing hot grill. The fish is cooking instantaneously from the bottom and when I close up the oven it’s broiling from the top at the same time. No 70/30. Just 10-12 minutes and then the grill comes out to the stove top (because it can take the heat). I let it sit for a couple minutes to release the skin and then serve.

    My favorite part of this method — apart from that fact that it’s available year round and I never get any of that white protein that seeps out in cooking — is that I get the really roasty toasty salmon “bacon” from the thinnest part of the flesh and also nice juicy center cuts as well. My dog loves the skin.

    Can I add that I use a wonderful smoked salt from Falk and Penny’s Northwood’s Seasoning and I think it’s heaven.

    When I lived in Vancouver BC I did a side once a week and ate from it (’cause my husband thinks fish is actually how I try to poison him) all week. Back in LA, thank god for Costco!

    If anyone cares to try this super easy method and the skin sticks to a new grill, don’t be dismayed. The more you do it the better seasoned your grill gets. I hardly need to clean mine after all the salmon I’ve grilled.

    1. That should have said Penzy’s Northwoods blend. It’s prefect for salmon.

      Hope you enjoy this super easy method as much as I do!

  2. Wonderful video, thank you!
    Easy to understand, full of vital advice, and light spirited/funny!
    I’ll be following the suggestions when grilling fish, soon!
    (…And David’s hair looks just fine after a grilling marathon!)

  3. Thank you so much to of you.
    I tried to cook it yesterday, thanks to your blog too I learn so much and it success. I posted the picture of my salmon grill on my Facebook. My friends love it and want to try it too. So I posted your link on the bottom of the picture so they can see it by themselves, hope you dont mind. Once again.THANK YOU.

  4. WF had a wild Alaskan salmon sale last week and that nailed it for me. I just own one of those skillets with “speed bumps,” and used the same technique—enough oil, very high heat and 5 minutes of cooking on one side and 2 on the other. It got amazingly crispy on that first side and sooooo good. That skin off trick, though, is a classic!

    1. One my favorite results of this technique is that you get the slightly crispy texture from the seared surface of salmon mixed with the smooth, slippery interior. The combo makes for some seriously good eating.

  5. I have grilled fish with great success. I think the main thing is to cook over high heat. I cook for about 6 minutes on one side and 3-4 on the other and I make sure to stay by grill watching. I know the moment to take it off the grill. If I walk away for even a minute, the skin becomes toast!

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