LC Sneaky Szechuan Chiles Note
We admit it. We had a tricky time tracking down Szechuan chiles for this recipe. No, not Szechuan peppercorns. Szechuan chiles. Your local Chinatown or Asian market will be your most reliable source, although we also made the chile oil using mostly chile de arbol (3 1/2 ounces) and a wee amount of dried cayenne peppers (1/2 ounce) with truly memorable—in a good way—results. We also had stellar, albeit inauthentic, results swapping a teaspoon of crushed red chile flakes for the Sichuanese chiles.
Chile Oil | Hong You
- Quick Glance
- 10 M
- 25 M
- Makes about 2 cups
Special Equipment: Candy or deep-fry thermometer (optional)
Heat the oil in a small saucepan over medium-high heat until it reaches 400°F (204°C) on a deep-fry or candy thermometer. (If you haven’t a thermometer, the surface of the oil will begin to ripple at this temperature.) Remove the pan from the heat and set aside until the oil cools to around 275°F (135°C), which should take about 10 minutes.
Meanwhile, place the ground chiles, sesame seeds, and ginger in a heatproof bowl.
When the oil has cooled to the appropriate temperature, carefully drizzle a little of it onto the ground chile mixture. It should fizz gently but energetically and release a rich, roasty aroma. Pour the rest of the oil over the chiles and stir. If you think the oil is too hot and the chiles are likely to burn, simply add a little cool oil to release the excess heat. Do, though, make sure that the oil is hot enough: without the fizzing, it won’t generate the rich, roasty fragrance you need. If, conversely, you pour all the oil onto the chiles, then discover it’s not quite hot enough, you can return the whole lot to a saucepan and heat gently until it smells fabulous and the color is a deep ruby red; just take care not to burn the chiles. (The chiles will seethe and fizz like a witch’s cauldron as you heat them, releasing the most marvelous aromas, but take care, as they can easily burn and blacken.) Let cool completely to room temperature.
When the oil has cooled completely, decant it and the chili sediment into jars and store in a dark, cool place. Let it settle for at least a day before using.
Recipe Testers' Reviews
This is perfect dip for veggies. Or lightly brush it over flatbread. Orr drizzle it over pasta or Chinese or Thai dishes. Or it can easily brighten up a soup. The uses of this humble and ubiquitous chile oil are numerous, limited only by your imagination. I used a combination of dried Chili de Arbol (3/12 ounces) and dried cayenne (1/2 ounce). I heated the wok until a drop of water would bead, added the chiles, and stirred constantly until they changed color. The key is to have adequate ventilation while doing this to avoid a coughing spurt. I added about a tablespoon of canola oil and stir-fried until they turned glossy. All of this took about 5 minutes. I transferred it to a baking sheet and let it cool for about 2 hours. I used a food processor and pulsed it until they became flakes. I heated canola oil to 400°F, let it cool down for a scant 10 minutes, and poured it over the chili mixture. The mixture bubbled, releasing a wonderful aroma. I let it cool for 3 to 4 hours before decanting it. Made a scant 2 cups.
I sort of improvised because I couldn’t find the Korean ground chilies. I may have taken a shortcut here, but I used about 1 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes as a substitute for the Korean ground chiles in the chile oil. I used grapeseed oil and when it reached 400°F the surface did ripple in appearance. My chile flakes didn’t burn with this hot oil, instead they emitted a wonderfully nutty aroma from the sesame seeds and a bit of heat from the chile flakes. I’m so excited to have some of this delicious oil in my pantry for future use! I think it would be nice to use on roasted veggies or in a stir-fry.