Homemade Bagels

Plain Bagels

Bagels have become standard fare in coffee shops these days, filled with their traditional smoked salmon and cream cheese layers. And certainly a real bagel, with a firm, shiny crust and a luscious, chewy inside, is a super-tasty thing. Is it possible to replicate this magic at home? After many doughs and testings, I believe I’ve perfected not only a plain bagel, but also a caraway and rye version (see variation that follows the recipe) that’s delicious with cold meat, smoked fish, or a simple schmear of cream cheese. Try it. It’s worth the effort.–Ruth Joseph and Simon Round

LC No More Excuses Note

No more excuses about how there’s a dearth of decent bagels in your neighborhood, not when you can make better-than-decent bagels at home.

Homemade Bagels

  • Quick Glance
  • 3 H
  • 3 H, 50 M
  • Makes 40
5/5 - 2 reviews
Print RecipeBuy the Jewish Traditional Cooking cookbook

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  • For the dough
  • 7 cups bread flour, plus more for the work surface and the baking sheets
  • 2 cups self-rising whole-wheat flour
  • 3 cups lukewarm water
  • 4 teaspoons active dry yeast
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons light brown sugar
  • 2 1/2 teaspoons salt
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil, plus more for the bowl and plastic wrap
  • For the cooking liquid
  • 1 tablespoon molasses
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • For the topping
  • 1 large egg, beaten
  • Poppy seeds, finely chopped onion, or sesame seeds


  • Make the dough
  • 1. In a large bowl, combine the bread and whole-wheat flours and whisk to blend well. In a medium bowl, combine 1 1/2 cups of the blended flour with the lukewarm water, yeast, and sugar and whisk until smooth, making sure all of the yeast has dissolved. Set aside in a warm place for 10 to 15 minutes until fermented and foamy.
  • 2. Combine the remaining flour with the salt in the bowl of your stand mixer.
  • 3. Pour the oil into the fermented yeast mixture and beat with a fork until smooth. With the mixer running, add the yeast mixture to the flour in the bowl and mix until a soft, pliable dough forms. Turn the dough out onto a floured work surface and knead until smooth, about 5 minutes. Shape the dough into a ball, place it in a large oiled bowl, drape a piece of oiled plastic wrap or a clean kitchen towel over the bowl, and set aside to rise in the fridge overnight.
  • 4. On a lightly floured work surface, divide the dough into 40 pieces and shape them into balls. Then roll each ball of dough into a sausage shape and form into a bagel by overlapping the ends to form a ring, pressing the ends together so they stick. Allow a disproportionately large hole in the center so there is space for the bagels to rise (otherwise the hole will close). Transfer the bagels to 2 or 3 baking sheets lined with parchment paper and dusted with flour. Cover with a clean kitchen towel and let rise in a warm place until doubled in size, about 20 minutes.
  • 5. Preheat the oven to 425°F (218°C).
  • Make the cooking liquid
  • 6. Bring a large, wide, deep pot of water to a boil. Add the molasses and whisk in the baking powder. Carefully drop the bagels—just 3 at a time—into the boiling water and simmer without budging them for 2 to 3 minutes. Then quickly flip the bagels over and cook for another 2 to 3 minutes. Remove them with a slotted spoon and place them back on the parchment paper while you repeat with the remaining dough.
  • Make the toppings adhere to the bagels
  • 7. Once all of the bagels are cooked, lightly glaze them with the beaten egg and sprinkle with the onion or seeds. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes until golden brown—and be proud! Transfer the bagels to a wire rack to cool completely.

Rye and Caraway Variation

  • Substitute 2 cups rye flour for the whole-wheat flour. Use 4 tablespoons caraway seeds instead of onion or other seeds.

Recipe Testers Reviews

I LOVE Bagels. I LOVE to make bagels. For me, one of the truly wonderful things about making bread, especially bagels, is the traditional ritual of kneading and resting the dough, letting it rise, shaping it, baking it, and finally eating it. It’s a very relaxing and therapeutic endeavor that anyone should find rewarding. This recipe calls for the standard method of boiling the shaped dough for a couple of minutes, but what I found interesting is the use of molasses and baking powder as opposed to the standard baking soda. This is a VERY good bagel. The crust became very shiny and almost crisp and the crumb was chewy, as a bagel should be. I found these to be much better when they were allowed to cool. I made this recipe twice. The second time I halved the recipe, which worked quite nicely.

This was an elaborate recipe, but well worth the effort. The recipe produced 40 melt-in-your-mouth bagels. I used sesame and nigella seeds on my bagels. The recipe makes about 5 pounds of dough. I found that I needed a 1/4 cup more water while kneading the dough than what the recipe had specified. I rolled them into approximately 2-ounce balls and shaped them into bagels measuring 2 1/4 inches in diameter. I used a large Dutch oven and filled it with 12 cups of water and added 3 bagels at a time to boil. After about 20 bagels, I had to add at least 6 more cups of water to replenish. I then baked them for about 15 minutes. The first 3 bagels I boiled came undone and I ended up with crescent-shaped bagels. When you overlap the ends of the bagel, moisten your fingers and really press the ends together well.

Bagels are such a wonderful thing to see on your counter and smell in your kitchen. Crisp on the outside, dense and firm on the inside, nothing else like them. The boiling and then the baking give them their unique quality that’s just perfect for smoked salmon, cream cheese, red onion, and capers (yes, that’s my favorite topping!). This recipe delivers. The whole-wheat flour gives the resulting bagels just a little extra nuttiness, which I quite liked. I finished some with sesame seeds and the rest with sesame seeds, poppy seeds, and garlic. My family thought they’d died and gone to bagel heaven. It’s quite simple, just a little time-consuming. The overnight rise makes for a simple beginning the next morning as long as you can remember to get going the night before. Waiting for that second rise in the morning can be a little tricky if your kitchen isn’t warm enough, so I make sure I turn on the 425 oven before I even remove the dough from the fridge—then that second rise gets a little extra kitchen help. Don’t cheat on the boiling time and don’t put more than 3 in your pan at a time, as the water temperature will drop too quickly. Other than that, these really are a treat. Go on, you know you want to!

Too many bagel recipes make what’s more like a round roll with a hole in the middle rather than a real bagel. You won’t be disappointed with this recipe. These are very good bagels that are easy to make. I halved the recipe and got 18 bagels. Of course the number of bagels you get from the recipe will depend on the size you make them. The recipe works very well and the outcome was a bagel with a crisp crust and nice, chewy center.

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