*What can I substitute for Kashmiri chile powder?
Kashmiri chile powder isn't particularly spicy, it's used more for the color than for a hit of spicy heat. It has a mild, smoky flavor and is only slightly hotter than paprika. A good substitute is a combination of smoked paprika and cayenne. For this recipe, you'll need 2 1/2 teaspoons of smoked paprika and 1/2 teaspoon of cayenne to equal 1 tablespoon of Kashmiri chile. You can use regular paprika if you don't have the smoked kind but it will lack the smokiness.