Classic Martini

This classic martini is made with only gin and vermouth and garnished with olive or lemon twist. Simple, elegant, and truly classic.

In the interest of tradition and in deference to the virtues of a classic martini, allow us to explain something. Listen carefully as we’re only going to type this once: A classic martini consists, quite simply, of gin and vermouth. A five to one ratio. Stirred, not shaken. Maybe an olive or two or, if you’re like me, a twist. Nothing else.

This is the martini known and imbibed by icons including Ernest Hemingway, Marlene Dietrich, and Humphrey Bogart. The martini that inspired the three-martini lunch. The martini that was rendered almost extinct by the trend toward froufrou cocktails. The martini that’s convinced some of us we were born several decades too late.–Renee Schettler Rossi

What Makes It A Dry Martini?

For those unfamiliar with liquor lexicon, the relative dryness of a martini refers to the amount of vermouth. The drier the martini, the less vermouth. This can be achieved in any of many ways, whether you use a scant splash, give the glass but a quick rinse of vermouth prior to sloshing in the gin, or only so much as wave the bottle over the glass. (Conversely, ordering the rarity known as a “wet martini” tells the barkeep you want a hefty splash of you-know-what.) More on making a martini of proper proportions can be found in the writings of M.F.K. Fisher. And should you be looking to put the rest of that bottle of vermouth to good use, grab your roasting pan, a hen, and this recipe from James Beard for Chicken with 40 Cloves of Garlic. You’re welcome.

Classic Martini

Two classic martinis, each garnished with two green olives.
This classic martini is made with only gin and vermouth and garnished with olive or lemon twist. Simple, elegant, and truly classic.
Renee Schettler Rossi

Prep 5 mins
Total 5 mins
1 servings
169 kcal
5 from 1 vote


  • Martini glass, chilled


  • Ice
  • 2 1/2 ounces gin
  • 1/4 to 1/2 ounce dry vermouth
  • Green olive(s) or a twist of lemon peel


  • Toss a handful of ice into a mixing glass. (A pint glass works quite well, as does the bottom portion of a cocktail shaker.)
  • Pour in the gin and vermouth. Stir for 30 seconds.
  • Strain the martini into a martini glass. Drop in an olive or perch the twist on the edge of the glass.


Martini Variation

Dry: Go easy on the vermouth. (Traditionally, it was the converse, relying on a generous pour of vermouth.)
Dirty: Add a splash of olive brine.
Vodka: Duh. Swap gin for vodka.
Perfect or 50-50: Rely on equal amounts sweet and dry vermouth.
Gibson: Lose the olive and the twist. Toss in a cocktail onion instead.

Show Nutrition

Serving: 1martiniCalories: 169kcal (8%)Carbohydrates: 1gSodium: 1mgPotassium: 1mgIron: 1mg (6%)

Originally published April 03, 2020


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  1. 5 stars
    Hmm. Can’t get the Reply button to work. I know this must have been done before, but I think I’m going to take a fresh jar of olives, dump the brine and refill it with Martini! Best of both worlds. 😉

  2. I’ve only recently learned to tolerate gin and can’t drink vodka. Through a friend, I discovered that Hendrick’s isn’t half bad so I will try it in a Martini. Mine, however, is served on the rocks in a double old fashioned with about a dozen olives, which unless you dry the olives is pretty much a dirty martini. Obviously, the Martini is only a vehicle for the olives. 😉

  3. in the early 1940’s when testing the first atomic bombs they taped a bottle of vermouth to the bomb, when it went off the vermouth was distributed in the atmosphere. When a dry martini is made in Alamogordo, they just wave the glass in the air.

  4. I have recently become obsessed with martinis. So obsessed that I had to buy a graduated cylinder to measure out my gin and vermouth to the ml. A couple things I’ve learned… 1. cold glass. frozen. 2. no wussy shaking. really go to town on it. shake hard, and long, until the whole shaker is covered in frost. 3. a gin martini can be a little dirty, vodka doesn’t work as well with the extra olive juice. For me, perfect martini is a 6:1 bombay sapphire with castelvetrano olives

    1. I love a great martins and am constantly trying new and “new old” variants. I’ve discovered Nolly Pratt vermouth swirled in the glass with a heavily shaken Brokers gin and three blue cheese stuffed olives is my go to…..

    2. And what an obsession to have, Maile I do have to differ on the dirty martini as I love mine with vodka and loaded with briny juice and extra olives. Must try those castelvetrano olives.

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