Pastéis de Nata ~ Portuguese Custard Tarts

This pastéis de nata recipe makes as-close-to-authentic Portuguese custard tarts with a rich egg custard nestled in shatteringly crisp pastry. Tastes like home, even if you’re not from Portugal.

Three pasteis de nata, two face-up showing the browned spots and one upside-down, showing the delicate spiral of browned pastry

These Portuguese custard tarts are facsimiles of the true pastéis de Belém pastries from the Antiga Confeitaria de Belém (below), where they churn out more than 22,000 pastries each day. When you make that many a day, you get damn good at it. There are all kinds of reasons why the original pastéis de nata from this pastry shop are so freaking good. Secret recipes, teams of folks who do nothing but make the pastry dough or whip up the filling, ovens that blast at 800°F.

Seven pasteis de Belem, or Portuguese custard pastries, on a plate, with coffee cups nearby

In order to translate the pastéis to the home kitchen and to ovens that that hit 500°F if you’re lucky, these pastéis are smaller than the original. and the tops may not brown quite as much as the authentic pastéis in the picture, which are from the confeitaria. Still, that hasn’t stopped the flood of rave reviews below. The secrets to making spectacular authentic Portuguese custard tarts at home are few and simple.

Pasteis de Nata | Portuguese Custard Tarts

When making the pastry, make sure the butter is evenly layered, all excess flour is removed, and the dough is rolled very thin and folded neatly. As for the custard, you’ll need a thermometer to accurately gauge the custard. These are best eaten warm the day they’re made. Originally published June 26, 2004.David Leite

A Little Visual Aid

The tremendously delightful and charming London pastry queen Cupcake Jemma uses my recipe to make her delicious Portuguese custard tarts.

Video: How to Make Pastéis de Nata
Video courtesy of Cupcake Jemma

Pastéis de Nata | Portuguese Custard Tarts

  • Quick Glance
  • (115)
  • 1 H
  • 2 H, 30 M
  • Makes 40 pastries
4.8/5 - 115 reviews
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Special Equipment: Mini-muffin tin with 2-by-5/8-inch (50-by-15-mm) wells; If you prefer the classic larger tins from Portugal, you can purchase them at Portugalia Marketplace.

Ingredients

  • For the pasteis de nata dough
  • For the custard
  • For the garnish

Directions

Make the pastéis de nata dough

In a stand mixer fitted with a dough hook, mix the flour, salt, and water until a soft, pillowy dough forms that pulls away from the side of the bowl, about 30 seconds.

Generously flour a work surface and pat the dough into a 6-inch (15-cm) square using a pastry scraper. Flour the dough, cover with plastic wrap, and let it rest at room temperature for 15 minutes.

Roll the dough into an 18-inch (46-cm) square. As you work, use the scraper to lift the dough to make sure the underside isn’t sticking to your work surface.

Brush the excess flour off the top of the dough, trim any uneven edges, and, using a small offset spatula, dot and then spread the left 2/3 portion of the dough with a little less than 1/3 of the butter being careful to leave a 1 inch (25 mm) plain border around the edge of the dough.

Neatly fold the unbuttered right 1/3 of the dough (using the pastry scraper to loosen it if it sticks) over the rest of the dough. Brush off any excess flour, then fold over the left 1/3 of the dough. Starting from the top, pat down the dough with your hand to release any air bubbles, and then pinch the edges of the dough to seal. Brush off any excess flour.

Turn the dough 90° to the left so the fold is facing you. Lift the dough and flour the work surface. Once again roll it out to an 18-inch (46-cm) square, then dot the left 2/3 of the dough with 1/3 of the butter and smear it over the dough. Fold the dough as directed in steps 4 and 5.

For the last rolling, turn the dough 90° to the left and roll out the dough to an 18-by-21-inch (46-by-53-cm) rectangle, with the shorter side facing you. Spread the remaining butter over the entire surface of the dough.

Using the spatula as an aid, lift the edge of dough closest to you and roll the dough away from you into a tight log, brushing the excess flour from the underside as you go. Trim the ends and cut the log in half. Wrap each piece in plastic wrap and chill for 2 hours or preferably overnight. (The pastry can be frozen for up to 3 months.)

Make the custard

In a medium bowl, whisk the flour and 1/4 cup milk (60 ml) until smooth.

Bring the sugar, cinnamon, and water to a boil in a small saucepan and cook until an instant-read thermometer registers 220°F (104°C). Do not stir.

Meanwhile, in another small saucepan, scald the remaining 1 cup milk (237 ml). Whisk the hot milk into the flour mixture.

Remove the cinnamon stick and then pour the sugar syrup in a thin stream into the hot milk-and-flour mixture, whisking briskly. Add the vanilla and stir for a minute until very warm but not hot. Whisk in the yolks, strain the mixture into a bowl, cover with plastic wrap, and set aside. The custard will be thin; that is as it should be. (You can refrigerate the custard for up to 3 days.)

Assemble and bake the pastries

Place an oven rack in the top third position and heat the oven to 550°F (290°C). Remove a pastry log from the refrigerator and roll it back and forth on a lightly floured surface until it’s about an inch (25 mm) in diameter and 16 inches (41 cm) long. Cut it into scant 3/4-inch (18-mm) pieces. Place 1 piece pastry dough, cut side down, in each well of a nonstick 12-cup mini-muffin pan (2-by-5/8-inch [50-by-15-mm] size). If using classic tins, cut the dough into generous 1-inch (25-mm) pieces. Allow the dough pieces to soften several minutes until pliable.

Have a small cup of water nearby. Dip your thumbs in the water, then straight down into the middle of the dough spiral. Flatten it against the bottom of the cup to a thickness of about 1/16 inch (1.5 mm), then smooth the dough up the sides and create a raised lip about 1/8 inch (3 mm) above the pan. The pastry bottoms should be thinner than the tops.

Fill each cup 3/4 full with the cool custard. Bake the pastries until the edges of the dough are frilled and brown, about 8 to 9 minutes for the mini-muffin tins, 15 to 17 minutes for the classic tins.

Remove from the oven and allow the pasteis to cool a few minutes in the pan, then transfer to a rack and cool until just warm. Sprinkle the pasteis generously with confectioners’ sugar, then cinnamon and serve. Repeat with the remaining pastry and custard. These are best consumed the day they’re made.

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    De Rigueur Equipment for Pastéis de Nata

    • These are the original pastéis de nata tins that all the great pastry shops in Portugal use. I find them indispensable, as they’re much easier to use than muffin tine.

      12 stainless pasteis de nata tins.

    Recipe Testers' Reviews

    According to my Portuguese dad, I can make these pasteis de Nata again and again and again! I am pretty chuffed with how they turned out since I had doubts throughout the entire process of making these traditional tarts. First of all, Pasteis de Nata are the epitome of the classic Portuguese sweet treat. So no pressure!

    In following the recipe, when mixing the flour, salt and water in the stand mixer, my dough never achieved the soft pillowy stage I was hoping, or rather thinking, what it would be. My dough did pull away from the sides slightly, but remained sticky, hence I feel I should have added more flour which I didn't at this stage. Doubt started to set-in! When working with the dough on the work surface, I needed to add a very generous amount of flour to stop the dough from sticking. At this stage I probably added so much flour that I actually increased the amount of flour added to the dough significantly.

    I found working with the dough a test of extreme patience! I remained calm (yet doubtful) and just kept working with it gently. I was never able to achieve the 18-by-18-inch square, no matter how hard I tried. It was closer to 14 inches. The custard seemed quite thin and even though the recipe mentioned it would be so I had my doubts it would firm up into a creamy custard. While the tarts baked, the butter bubbled and oozed out of the dough and over the edge of the minis tin causing lots of smoke in the extremely hot oven. I baked the minis for 9 minutes and the custard was set and the pastry was golden brown. I expected the custard to have a brown speckled appearance (like the ones you buy commercially), but it remained an eggy yellow. For the larger tins, I baked the tarts for 15 minutes and they too remained an eggy yellow with a golden brown pasty.

    To my surprise, the pastry was super flaky and crispy and it had that perfect crackly crunch that is the true mark of a great pasteis de Nata! And the custard? It set and was creamy, sweet, and deliciously perfect.

    When my Portuguese mom said they tasted just like the pasteis de Belem (the most famous and original Portuguese Custard Tarts), then I knew we had a winner! Talk about the best compliment ever! It was quite a bit of work to produce these little gems, but the end result was definitely worth the effort!

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    Comments

    1. 5 stars
      Hi. I have made these and they’re great. Had to change it up a bit to make them gluten and dairy free but it worked. My question is about the tins. I would like to purchase some proper shaped tins. There seems to be a couple of sizes out there though so not sure which size I should get, keeping them as authentic as possible. Thanks.

    2. 5 stars
      Is it normal for the butter to melt and sizzle around the edges? I used aluminum tart cases and there was melted butter at the bottom of the case after cooking, so it made the bottom a little soggy. Has anyone else experienced this? Thank you.

      1. Vicky, it can, yes. And I’ve seen that at the bakeries in Portugal. One thing you can do is place a pizza stone or even a sheet pan in the oven when it heats up. That may help a bit.

    3. Great recipe though I reduced the sugar to 3/4 c and used brown sugar instead of white granulated sugar.

    4. Has anyone made them with a little cornstarch? I’ve seen that in some recipes for pasteis de nata.

      1. If you follow the number of eggs in the recipe, it will set sufficiently. The ones with cornstarch skimp on the eggs, hence it needs the cornstarch to set it. Tastes less eggy…personal taste preference.

      2. Diana, I haven’t, but it acts essentially the same as the flour–to thicken. Cornstarch can be a bit tricker, as it needs to been cooked a certain amount of time to thicken and it can lose its thickening power if cooked too long or overbeaten.

        1. 5 stars
          Hi, so I made the custard exactly to your recipe and it was just the right texture and taste. I’ve made it three times now to raves from friends BUT they didn’t really care that the crust was raw inside. (I used a premade puff pastry, but rolled and refrigerated it per your directions above.) I could pre-bake the crust but would appreciate your suggestions.

          I am determined to get this right! Then I’ll move on to trying the crust from scratch.

          1. Hi Diana, the premade crust is perhaps the issue. Most commercial puff pastry is hard to roll as thin as you need for this recipe. Also, most use shortening. Try DuFour pastry–an excellent brand. Also, work to get the bottom crust thin when you’re smoothing it up the sides of the tin. Last, try preheating a pizza stone in the oven. That will give the bottom extra heat. If you don’t have a pizza stone, divide the baking time between the bottom-most rack and the upper third rack. Hope this helps.

            1. Thanks! How thin should it be before you roll it into a log? (I see it should be 1/16″ when you press it to the bottom.) And I guess the other trick is–how do you not lose the swirl when you press the dough down and up the sides?

            2. Diana, I’d make it as thin as you possibly can. As to keep the bottom swirl, make sure to flatten straight down with your thumb, then pull the rest of the dough up the sides, not the flattened bottom.

    5. 5 stars
      I have made this recipe twice now and love it! Well, actually three times but the second times I accidentally grabbed the egg whites instead of the yolks for the custard so I don’t count those even though they were still pretty good.

      I have a question, does anyone know how to alter this recipe a bit to make a chocolate custard? Would that be possible? I am thinking I would reduce the sugar and then add melted chocolate with the cream and milk. Just wondering how much to add and home much to reduce the sugar.

      1. Michael, I’ve never made it with chocolate, nor has anyone I know (chef or home cook). Your idea sounds pretty good. If you make it, let us know how it turns out!

        1. Over the weekend I tried doing a chocolate custard and it came out really good! I used a mix of dark and semi-sweet chocolate chips with some milk melted in a double boiler to make a thin ganache. I had already made the regular custard and split it in two parts, a bit more than half I left standard and then added the melted chocolate to the other part. Stirred it all up and let it sit. It remained a fairly liquid consistency for filling the cups and firmed up quite nicely when baked. They were a hit for Sunday’s dessert.

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