This pastry dough for my apple pie calls for pastry flour, a special flour that you may not already have in your pantry, but the results are well worth acquiring it for a crust that’s both flaky and tender. I prefer unbleached pastry flour, such as King Arthur. If you prefer, you can substitute cake flour for the pastry flour. The pastry or cake flour keeps the pastry dough tender, and the vinegar strengthens the gluten and adds elasticity. This pastry dough has more salt than most. Kosher salt is coarser than table salt. If you are using table salt instead, cut the amount of salt in half.–Tom Douglas

LC Why We Are So Fond Of Tom Douglas Note

Those of you familiar with chef Tom Douglas of Seattle probably already have a pretty darn good idea of why some of us on staff love him so—and have loved him for more than a decade. He’s a swell, down-to-earth guy, not to mention a phenomenal chef and baker. And, in keeping with his genial guy-next-door nature, he’s sharing a few extra tactics that will ensure you end up with perfect pie crust. Here they are:

For the flakiest pastry, be sure your fats (butter and vegetable shortening) are very cold. Before you start your dough, dice the butter and portion the shortening into a few clumps, place the fats on a plate, then cover with plastic wrap. If you are using the electric mixer method, place the fats in the freezer for 2 hours. If you are using the food processor method, freeze the fats for only 30 minutes (a shorter time because the metal blade has to be able to cut through the butter).

A plastic dough scraper and metal bench knife are useful tools for making pastry dough.

One slice of apple pie, made with flaky pie crust, in a metal pie plate with 3 forks.

Flaky Pie Crust

4.67 / 3 votes
This flaky pie crust recipe uses pastry or cake flour to keep the pastry dough tender. The vinegar strengthens the gluten and adds elasticity.
David Leite
Servings8 servings
Calories445 kcal
Prep Time25 minutes
Resting Time2 hours
Total Time2 hours 25 minutes


  • 2 2/3 cups pastry flour
  • 2/3 cup all-purpose flour, plus more for the work surface
  • 2 tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 1 tablespoon kosher salt, or 1 1/2 teaspoons table salt
  • 2 sticks unsalted butter, freezer-cold (see LC Note above), cut into 1/2-inch dice
  • 1/4 cup vegetable shortening, freezer-cold (see LC note above)
  • 1/2 cup ice-cold water, (see LC note above), or more as needed
  • 2 teaspoons distilled white vinegar


To make the crust in a stand mixer

  • In the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, combine the flours, sugar, and salt. Add the cold butter and shortening, mixing on low speed until the mixture looks shaggy and the pieces of butter are slightly smaller than peas. Stop the mixer and check the size of the butter, sifting through the mixture with your hands. If you find a few bigger chunks, quickly smear them between your fingers.
  • Pour the ice-cold water and vinegar into a measuring cup or small container and stir to combine.
  • Add the water-vinegar mixture to the flour-fat mixture in the electric mixer on low speed and mix briefly with a few rotations of the paddle, but do not let the dough come together.
  • Turn off the mixer and scrape the sides and the bottom of the mixer bowl to make sure there are no pockets of dry ingredients, rotating the paddle a few more times if needed, then squeeze a small amount of dough in your hand. The dough should come together as a clump. If the dough seems too dry, add a little more water a few teaspoons at a time, and rotate the paddle a few more times.

To make the crust in a food processor

  • Put the flours, sugar, and salt in the bowl of a food processor and pulse a few times to combine. Add the cold butter and shortening to the dry ingredients. Use your hands to break up the shortening into several small clumps, being careful to avoid the metal blade, and get the shortening coated with flour.
  • Pulse 9 to 12 times. Turn off the machine and take the lid off. The butter should be in pieces a little smaller than the size of a pea. If needed, put the lid back on and pulse a couple more times.
  • Pour the ice-cold water and vinegar into a measuring cup or small container and stir to combine.
  • Gradually pour the water-vinegar mixture through the feed tube while pulsing 10 to 12 times. Take the lid off. Use your fingers to see if you can clump the mixture together to form a dough. (The dough should not come together to form a ball while you are pulsing it in the food processor, but it should form a clump pressed between your fingers.) Use a rubber spatula to scrape the sides of the food processor bowl and the bottom of the bowl to see if there are any dry pockets of flour. If the dough seems too dry, you can add more water, a few teaspoons at a time, and pulse a few more times.

Knead the dough

  • Whether using the stand mixer or food processor method, dump the dough, which will still be crumbly and loose, onto a very lightly floured work surface. Use your hands to work the dough into a cohesive ball, then flatten the ball into a disk. (Note: Because this dough contains pastry or cake flour, which is a soft flour, and because it contains a little vegetable shortening, you can work it with your hands a few times, forming it into a ball and making it cohesive, without having to worry as much about toughening the dough. Feel free to work the dough enough to make it cohesive.)

Shape the dough

  • Divide the dough in half and shape it into 2 flattened disks, then wrap each in plastic wrap. Refrigerate it for at least 2 hours or overnight before rolling. (This pastry dough also freezes well for longer storage, but allow it to first rest in the refrigerator for 1 or 2 hours before freezing.)
  • When you are ready to roll the dough, unwrap it, place it on a lightly floured surface, and let it rest for 5 to 10 minutes so it’s not quite so cold and stiff. Using a rolling pin, roll the dough out to a round about 12 inches in diameter and about 1/8 inch thick. Transfer 1 round of dough to a 9-inch pie pan. (An easy way to transfer the dough is to fold the dough in half or into quarters. Pick up the folded dough and place it in the pan, then unfold gently, easing—not stretching—it into the pan.) Use your fingers to press the dough lightly against the sides of the pan all the way around so the dough won’t slide down. Trim the excess dough to a 3/4- to 1-inch overhang. Fold the overhang up and over (toward the inside of the pan) and use your hands to press gently on the dough all around the circumference to form a neat pastry rim 1/4 to 1/2 inch thick. (The pastry rim should be flush with the edge of the pie pan and not overhanging it.)
  • Fill the pie with your preferred filling, top with the remaining dough round, and press the pastry down against the rim of the pan at about 1-inch intervals to crimp and seal.


Hand Pies Or Individual Crostata

To make dough for hand pies or individual crostatas instead of a single pie, roll the disks of dough as directed, but cut out individual rounds.
The Dahlia Bakery Cookbook

Adapted From

The Dahlia Bakery Cookbook

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Serving: 1 portionCalories: 445 kcalCarbohydrates: 40 gProtein: 7 gFat: 30 gSaturated Fat: 16 gMonounsaturated Fat: 9 gTrans Fat: 2 gCholesterol: 61 mgSodium: 877 mgFiber: 5 gSugar: 3 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2012 Tom Douglas. Photo © 2012 Ed Anderson. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

The crust is phenomenal—a bit crunchy, just the right amount of sweetness, and perfectly flaky all, at the same time.

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. Vegetable shortening? Like….Crisco? I don’t go near the stuff. But I’m perfectly find with lard. Can I substitute lard for the vegetable shortening?

  2. 5 stars
    This crust is fantastic—and I’ve long been crust phobic. My first and only choice now. Thank you!

    1. You’re sooooo welcome, Carmen! Lovely to hear that this recipe had just the effect we’d intended. Love to hear which recipe from the site you try next…

  3. I do not have regular pastry flour. Have never seen one, to be frank. All I have is “Whole-Wheat Pastry Flour” which I got from the local health food store. Will the weight still be “12 1/4 ounces”?? Or will it differ considerably?

    1. Hi Clarice, you should be able to substitute whole-wheat pastry flour. I would use the same amount and if the dough doesn’t come together, just add a bit more ice water.

      1. Thanks for the quick reply. There seems to be some discrepancy about the weight of the flour with respect to the cup measure. I use King Arthur flours and Bob’s whole-wheat pastry flour. According to the weight chart on their website, the whole-wheat pastry flour of 2 2/3 cups weigh about 9 – 9.5 ounces. Here it says 12 1/4 oz. Which is right?

        1. Hi Clarice, I’d go with the measurements in the recipe. For 2 reasons: 1.) King Arthur Flour is weighing its particular brand and blends of flour. And it doesn’t say how they’re measuring (sifting, dipping and sweeping, spooning, etc.) The author has already figured out how much flour is need for this particular recipe. 2.) King Arthur’s whole-wheat pastry flour weight less per cup than it’s regular pastry blend flour. (3 3/8 vs. 4 ounces per cup). Using their chart, 2 3/4 cups of regular (not whole-wheat) pastry flour weights 11 ounces. Makes sense?