Authentic Vietnamese Pho

Vietnamese pho is a soup made with a beef broth rich with ginger, onions, star anise, fish sauce, and onions. Into that go rice noodles, beef, scallions, bean sprouts, and fresh herbs.

A bowl of authentic Vietnamese pho with rice noodles, beef, lemon, basil, and scallions in it and a pair of chopsticks resting on top of the bowl.

Pho (pronounced “fuh”) is an exquisitely spiced soup constructed of a clear beef broth fragrant with ginger and star anise and slippery rice noodles. It’s a beloved breakfast in Vietnam, and honestly, we can’t think of a better reason to get out of bed… any time of day.–Renee Schettler

How to Eat Pho

Lucky you! Cookbook author Mai Pham compiled a cheat sheet on how to properly slurp pho. Here’s what she suggests…

Many cookbooks call for the broth to be made with oxtail bones, but I prefer a combination of marrow bones and beef chuck, which is what pho cooks in Vietnam use.

You can serve this soup with any of several different types of beef, whether rare to well-done chuck, brisket, meatballs, tripe, tendon, and so on. (The easiest ones to prepare at home are cooked and raw beef, as in the recipe that follows.)

Begin by adding bean sprouts, fresh chiles, and a little squeeze of lime. Using your fingers, pluck the Asian basil leaves from their sprigs and, if saw-leaf is available, shred the leaves and add them to the soup. Add the herbs little by little, eating as you go. (If you put them in all at once, the broth will cool too fast and the herbs will overcook and lose their bright flavors.) Push the garnishes in the hot broth with your chopsticks and gently turn the noodles.

Chili sauce and hoisin sauce are traditional condiments, but I avoid them because, to my taste, they mask the flavor of pho.

Eat pho while it’s piping hot. If you wait for it to cool down, the noodles will expand and become soggy and the dish will taste bland. (Some connoisseurs don’t even talk while they eat their pho, preferring to save serious chatting for later). With spoon in one hand and chopsticks in the other, pull the noodles out of the broth and eat them, slurping the broth. It’s perfectly acceptable to be seen with clumps of noodles dangling from your mouth, eyes squinting from the steam. The broth is served in large amounts to keep the noodles warm and to help season the dish. It’s not meant to be consumed in its entirety. But if you’re in the mood, it’s not considered rude to tip the bowl and slurp down every last drop.

Authentic Vietnamese Pho

  • Quick Glance
  • (4)
  • 1 H
  • 3 H, 10 M
  • Makes 6 main-dish servings
5/5 - 4 reviews
Print RecipeBuy the Pleasures of the Vietnamese Table cookbook

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  • For the pho broth
  • For the pho


Make the pho broth

Haul a large stock pot onto the stovetop and bring 6 quarts (24 cups) water to a boil.

Meanwhile, in a smaller pot, bring the beef bones, beef chuck, and just enough water to cover them to a vigorous boil and cook for 5 minutes. Remove the pot from the heat and, using tongs, transfer the bones and beef to the large pot of boiling water, discarding the water in which the meat cooked. (This reduces the impurities in the broth.)

When the water returns to a boil, reduce the heat to a gentle simmer. Skim any foam from the surface of the water. Add the charred ginger and onions, fish sauce, and sugar. Gently simmer, skimming any foam as it appears, until the beef chuck is tender, about 40 minutes. Do not allow the broth to come to a full boil. Only the occasional bubble should rise to the surface of the broth. (This reduces the chance of your broth being cloudy.)

Remove one piece of chuck from the broth, submerge it in a bowl of cold water for 10 minutes, and then drain the chuck and thinly slice it and refrigerate it. Let the other piece of chuck in the broth and let it gently simmer for 50 minutes more.

After the broth has simmered for a total of 90 minutes, wrap the star anise and cloves in a spice bag or piece of cheesecloth and drop it in the broth. Let the spices infuse the broth until fragrant, about 30 minutes more. (The broth will have been simmering for 2 hours total).

Remove and discard both the spice bag and the onions. Leave the chuck in the pot and continue to gently simmer, skimming any foam as necessary, until you’re ready to assemble the pho. (The broth may taste slightly salty but will be balanced once the noodles and accompaniments are added.) Strain the broth, discarding any solids.

Make the pho

Place the cooked noodles in preheated bowls. (If the noodles are no longer hot, dip them briefly in boiling water to prevent them from cooling down the soup.) Place a few slices of the reserved thinly sliced beef chuck and raw sirloin on the noodles. Ladle 2 to 3 cups broth into each bowl. (Figure about 1 part rice noodles to 3 part broth.) The hot broth will gently cook the raw beef. Garnish with the thinly sliced onions, scallions, and cilantro. Serve immediately and let individuals garnish their bowls of pho with bean sprouts, herbs, chiles, lime juice, and black pepper. Originally published April 8, 2010.

Print RecipeBuy the Pleasures of the Vietnamese Table cookbook

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    *How To Char Onion And Ginger

    • To char ginger and onions as required above, hold the ingredient with the tongs directly over an open flame or place it directly on a medium-hot electric burner. Char, turning frequently, until the edges are slightly blackened and the ginger and onion are fragrant, 3 to 4 minutes. Peel and discard the blackened skins of the ginger and onions. Rinse what remains of the ginger and onion and add to the broth.

    Recipe Testers' Reviews

    I've tried countless pho recipes over the past years, and my search stopped with this recipe. It's the closest thing I've found to the beefy elixir found in pho joints that never fails to soothe the soul and calm the mind. The scorched onion and ginger, the spices, everything here is in perfect proportion to one another. I rarely follow a recipe once I make something once, but you better believe I follow this one to the letter. Even my 12-year-old nephew, a very picky eater, mind you, doesn't turn his nose up at this.

    I've made this pho recipe countless times. Whether you have family members that are under the weather or it's simply cold outside, this comforting soup will surely make everything better. The broth is outstanding—it's filled with flavor and the various textures of the ingredients make it that much better. I do love to add a little spice to my bowlful just before slurping it, but the rest of my family likes it just as-is.

    Also, this recipe is so versatile, as you can add shrimp or make it just with vegetables and so on. Oh, and your house will be filled with the amazing aroma of the broth.



    1. Had an amazing pho from a local place last week so now determined to do my own. Yours looks great, but is the second piece of chuck used in this recipe, or just set aside for another day?

      1. Great question, Martin. The first piece that is removed from the broth is reserved to be sliced and served in the finished pho bowls. The other piece simmers in the broth, flavoring it, until you are ready to assemble the bowls, at which point it gets strained out. I can’t really say what the texture of that beef would be like after that long simmer, so I’m not certain how usable it would be, but you could probably chop it finely and use it in another soup if you wanted.

    2. 5 stars
      My grocery store had amazing-looking fresh tripe. I bet you hear this all the time, as well as “the bone marrow also looked super!” 😉…

      I had to get it! Pho was my first thought for using tripe usage, and I was looking for a pho recipe that didn’t require roasting bones. The only thing I changed was adding extra meaty bones, and instead of using the chuck I added precut thinly sliced sirloin.

      As indicated, I also opted to add shiitake mushrooms, and of course, the tripe which I cooked separately and then added at the end with all the accouterments.

      This broth was everything it promised! The flavour was layered and complex while leaving the broth clear and light. There’s a time for dark rich broth and there’s a time for rich and light. This was the closest homemade pho to that served at my favourite authentic Vietnamese pho place. The added bonus was the kitchen aromatherapy!

    3. 5 stars
      Great recipe thank you for sharing! This was my first time trying this. I followed the instructions as stated and it turned out great for me. I definitely recommend!

    4. Hi there. Thanks so much for this recipe! It looks wonderful. I keep reading it, though, and I can’t seem to find the part where you strain the broth (or even just remove the bones). Do you just allow the bones to sit in the finished broth, avoiding them when ladling out to serve? Thanks again!

      1. Hi Andrew and so glad this recipe appeals to you! Terrific question. I made it a little clearer, I hope, as to where you strain the broth. It’s not until the very end. And yes, you could just ladle the broth out but we appreciate you reminding us most folks would probably prefer a more pristine broth. And you’re so very welcome for the recipe. I tried countless pho recipes before I ended up with this as my go to. I hope you like it as much as I do!

    5. Was wondering why this recipe does not call for cardamom and cinnamon sticks as part of the ingredients to make the broth?

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