Pho, the exquisitely nuanced Vietnamese soup, is made with a beef broth rich with ginger, fish sauce, star anise, and onions. Into that go rice noodles, sirloin, scallions, bean sprouts, and Thai basil. Pho is poised to become the next ramen.
Pho (pronounced “fuh”) is an exquisitely spiced soup constructed of slippery rice noodles and clear beef broth fragrant with ginger and star anise. It’s a beloved breakfast in Vietnam, and I have to say, I can’t think of a better reason to get out of bed. Chef David Chang of Momofuku fame is so enamored by pho and its potential for innovation that he claimed in a recent issue of Lucky Peach that pho is the new ramen. Can’t say as we disagree. Originally published April 8, 2010.–Renee Schettler Rossi
How to Eat Pho
Lucky you! Cookbook author Mai Pham compiled a cheat sheet on how to properly slurp pho. Here’s what she suggests…
Many cookbooks call for the broth to be made with oxtail bones, but I prefer a combination of marrow bones and beef chuck, which is what pho cooks in Vietnam use.
You can serve this soup with any of several different types of beef, whether rare to well-done chuck, brisket, meatballs, tripe, tendon, and so on. (The easiest ones to prepare at home are cooked and raw beef, as in the recipe below.)
Begin by adding bean sprouts, fresh chiles, and a little squeeze of lime. Using your fingers, pluck the Asian basil leaves from their sprigs and, if saw-leaf is available, shred the leaves and add them to the soup. Add the herbs little by little, eating as you go. (If you put them in all at once, the broth will cool too fast and the herbs will overcook and lose their bright flavors.) Push the garnishes in the hot broth with your chopsticks and gently turn the noodles.
Chili sauce and hoisin sauce are traditional condiments, but I avoid them because, to my taste, they mask the flavor of pho.
Eat pho while it’s piping hot. If you wait for it to cool down, the noodles will expand and become soggy and the dish will taste bland. (Some connoisseurs don’t even talk while they eat their pho, preferring to save serious chatting for later). With spoon in one hand and chopsticks in the other, pull the noodles out of the broth and eat them, slurping the broth. It’s perfectly acceptable to be seen with clumps of noodles dangling from your mouth, eyes squinting from the steam. The broth is served in large amounts to keep the noodles warm and to help season the dish. It’s not meant to be consumed in its entirety. But if you’re in the mood, it’s not considered rude to tip the bowl and slurp down every last drop.
Authentic Vietnamese Pho
- Quick Glance
- 1 H
- 3 H, 10 M
- 6 main-dish servings
- For the broth
- 5 pounds beef marrow or knuckle bones
- 2 pounds beef chuck, cut into 2 pieces
- Two (3-inch) pieces ginger, halved lengthwise, lightly bruised with the flat side of a knife, and charred (see Note below)
- 2 yellow onions, peeled and charred (see Note below)
- 1/4 cup fish sauce
- 3 ounces rock sugar (found at Asian markets) or 3 tablespoons granulated sugar
- 10 whole star anise, lightly toasted in a dry pan
- 6 whole cloves, lightly toasted in a dry pan
- 1 tablespoon sea salt, or to taste
- For the pho
- 1 pound dried 1/16-inch (2 mm) wide rice noodles (banh pho), soaked and cooked according to package instructions
- 1/3 pound beef sirloin, slightly frozen, then sliced paper-thin across the grain
- 1/2 yellow onion, sliced paper thin
- 3 scallions, cut into thin rings
- 1/3 cup chopped cilantro
- 1 pound bean sprouts
- 10 sprigs Asian basil (may substitute regular basil or mint)
- 1 dozen saw-leaf herb leaves (optional)
- 6 Thai bird chiles or 1 serrano chile, cut into thin rings
- 1 lime, cut into 6 thin wedges
- Freshly ground black pepper
- Chili sauce, to taste (optional)
- Hoisin sauce, to taste (optional)
- Make the broth
- 1. Haul a large stock pot onto the stovetop and bring 6 quarts (24 cups) water to a boil.
- 2. Meanwhile, in a smaller pot, bring the beef bones, beef chuck, and just enough water to cover them to a vigorous boil and cook for 5 minutes. Remove the pot from the heat and, using tongs, transfer the bones and beef to the large pot of boiling water, discarding the water in which the meat cooked. (This reduces the impurities in the broth.)
- 3. When the water returns to a boil, reduce the heat to a gentle simmer. Skim any foam from the surface of the water. Add the charred ginger and onions, fish sauce, and sugar. Gently simmer, skimming any foam as it appears, until the beef chuck is tender, about 40 minutes. Do not allow the broth to come to a full boil. Only the occasional bubble should rise to the surface of the broth. (This reduces the chance of your broth being cloudy.)
- 4. Remove one piece of chuck from the broth, submerge it in a bowl of cold water for 10 minutes and then drain the chuck and thinly slice it and refrigerate it. Let the other piece of chuck in the broth and let it gently simmer for 50 minutes more.
- 5. After the broth has simmered for 50 more minutes (90 minutes total), wrap the star anise and cloves in a spice bag or piece of cheesecloth and drop it in the broth. Let the spices infuse the broth until fragrant, about 30 minutes more. (The broth will have been simmering for 2 hours total). Remove and discard both the spice bag and the onions. Leave the chuck in the pot and continue to gently simmer, skimming any foam as necessary, until you’re ready to assemble the pho. (The broth may taste slightly salty but will be balanced once the noodles and accompaniments are added.)
- Make the pho
- 6. Place the cooked noodles in preheated bowls. (If the noodles are no longer hot, dip them briefly in boiling water to prevent them from cooling down the soup.) Place a few slices of the reserved thinly sliced beef chuck and the raw sirloin on the noodles. Bring the broth to a rolling boil and ladle about 2 to 3 cups into each bowl. (Figure about 1 part rice noodles to 3 part broth.) The hot broth will cook the raw beef. Garnish with the thinly sliced onions, scallions, and cilantro. Serve immediately and allow individuals to garnish their bowls of pho with bean sprouts, herbs, chiles, lime juice, and black pepper.
How To Char Onion And Ginger Note
- To char ginger and onions as required by the above recipe, hold the ingredient with the tongs directly over an open flame or place it directly on a medium-hot electric burner. Char, turning frequently, until the edges are slightly blackened and the ginger and onion are fragrant, 3 to 4 minutes. Peel and discard the blackened skins of the ginger and onions. Rinse what remains of the ginger and onion and add to the broth.