Arancini are essentially leftover risotto shaped into balls and fried. Leftover rice never tasted so good! Here’s how to make them.

A boy opening an arancini with six more cooling on a rack in front of him.

Making arancini is the stuff of memories for any child who’s spent any time whatsoever in the kitchen with his or her nonna. Natch, each child will have a different recollection of what proper arancini ought to be since regional and familial and personal preferences about how to make arancini vary quite dramatically. Don’t be shy about varying the mix-ins for this recipe according to what you happen to have on hand. And by all means, feel free to use cold leftover risotto in place of the freshly cooked rice. That sort of frugal thinking is exactly the sort of mindset that created arancini in the first place.–David Leite

How Arancini Got Their Name

Orbs of fried leftover risotto are a familiar sight throughout Italy and are typically known as arancini, although in Rome they’re referred to as telefono, so named because the strings of melted mozzarella that ooze out when you take a bite resemble the old-fashioned telephone lines hanging between wooden poles.

Arancini (Risotto Balls Stuffed with Mozzarella)

A boy opening an arancini with six more cooling on a rack in front of him.
Arancini are essentially leftover risotto shaped into balls and fried. Leftover rice never tasted so good! Here’s how to make them.

Prep 15 mins
Cook 45 mins
Total 1 hr 10 mins
10 large or 15 small arancini
209 kcal
5 / 3 votes
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  • Deep-fry thermometer or candy thermometer or instant-read thermometer


  • 3 cups cold water
  • 1/2 white onion finely chopped
  • 2 sprigs flat-leaf parsley roughly chopped
  • Large pinch salt
  • 1 1/2 cups Arborio or Carnaroli rice
  • 3/4 to 1 cup passata (or purée about 1 1/4 cups canned tomatoes, pass the sieve or food mill, and discard the seeds and skins)
  • 1 medium egg lightly beaten
  • One (4 1/2-ounce) fresh mozzarella ball (buffalo’s or cow’s milk), diced into small cubes
  • Sunflower or peanut oil for deep-frying
  • 1 cup fine bread crumbs


  • In a large saucepan, bring the water, onion, parsley, and salt to a boil. Add the rice, cover, and cook until tender, about 20 minutes.
  • Drain the rice, plop it in a large shallow dish, and let it cool.
  • When the rice is cool, add the passata, and gradually stir in the beaten egg, a little at a time, until you achieve the consistency of risotto, which is to say sorta liquidy but not too liquidy. You will probably need all of the egg.
  • Use your hands to form oblong-shaped risotto balls the size of a large egg. (If the rice mixture is sticky, you can wet your hands to keep the rice from clinging.) Use your index finger to make a hole in the center of each ball and then stuff a small cube of mozzarella into it. Close the hole and squeeze the ball tightly between your hands to seal it.
  • Heat 2 to 3 inches oil in a saucepan or deep-sided skillet to 350°F (176°C). Dump the bread crumbs in a shallow bowl. Dip and gently roll the risotto balls in the bread crumbs to coat them on all sides. 
  • Give the risotto balls one more squeeze before gently lowering them into the hot oil in small batches. Cook the fried risotto balls until golden brown, maybe 4 to 5 minutes. Transfer the arancini to a wire rack or platter and serve immediately. Originally published September 19, 2013.
Print RecipeBuy the The Italian Cookery Course cookbook

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Show Nutrition

Serving: 1portionCalories: 209kcal (10%)Carbohydrates: 34g (11%)Protein: 8g (16%)Fat: 4g (6%)Saturated Fat: 2g (13%)Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.5gMonounsaturated Fat: 1gTrans Fat: 0.002gCholesterol: 26mg (9%)Sodium: 439mg (19%)Potassium: 190mg (5%)Fiber: 2g (8%)Sugar: 2g (2%)Vitamin A: 223IU (4%)Vitamin C: 3mg (4%)Calcium: 97mg (10%)Iron: 2mg (11%)

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Recipe Testers’ Reviews

I prepared the arancini according to the recipe as I had no leftover risotto. I found these quite different than the arancini I’m used to making, which are from Naples where the rice is not tossed with pureed tomatoes and the center has meat and peas rather than cheese. These fried risotto balls represent a classic peasant food where every bit of leftovers from the day before is assembled to honor resources and provide a meal. The flavor is very mellow.

Wet hands help keep the rice from sticking when forming the balls. I used a cast-iron skillet to fry them up, which took only about 4 to 5 minutes to become a deep beautiful golden brown, just like the ones sold in my neighborhood pork store.

Arancini are a nice combination of flavors, and these deliver a crisp bite with a soft, oozy inside. I find them perfect for a nice light dinner when paired with salad, and I would also make these with leftover risotto for a great tasting meal. These would be extra-special if you can find wonderfully flavorful buffalo mozzarella for the inside.

I did use all the egg, however, I only used ¾ cup of the passata. The arancini balls were almost completely covered by the oil. I used a saucier-shaped pan to fry them. Timing for the cooking was accurate but will vary according to how hot the oil is—I use a thermometer so the first batch was nicely colored in 4 1/2 minutes. The second batch took about 5 minutes (even though I brought the oil temp back to 350 before I cooked that batch).

Although I have made these before, I always have a tough time figuring out the most efficient way to form and bread the arancini. Using just my hands worked okay, but I had better luck scooping some with a large scoop (stainless cookie scoop) and putting that in the palm of my hand, then adding the mozzarella and sealing it.

It’s a must to gently squeeze them right before putting them into the hot oil as the directions state.

I only had a negligible amount of bread crumbs leftover, which made me happy because I like to be efficient with food and waste.

These arancini were good.

I heated the oil to deep-fry the rice balls to 350°F but may have added too many to the pot at one time because the temperature dropped quite a bit. Because the temperature dropped, I cooked them longer than I should have. The longer they cooked, some lost their nice round shape and split apart, not drastically but not the look I was going after. Also I mixed canola oil and olive oil and it gave the rice balls an oily taste (trying to use what was left in the pantry). Still the end results were ok and I will try this recipe again, I think it is worth repeating.

I made rice in the AM, left it to cool, and then shaped and fried the arancini later in the day.



  1. 5 stars
    Thank you for posting this great recipe. I was finally able to make arancini, and I love how they turned out.

  2. My Sicilian Nana made arancini, golden crispy on the outside, melty soft rice surrounding a center of meat and tomatoes inside…only on special occasions and holidays so they were a much coveted treat. However, she guarded the secret recipe like the Buckingham sentries guard the Queen so I don’t have the recipe. The challenge I have is that my Mom insisted that Nana never used a breading so I’m clueless as to how she got such a perfect golden crisp on the outside. Any hints on how she did this would be very much appreciated!
    (BTW I’m a vegan so if your hints are veganizable, that’s even better!)

    1. thepeachpatch, I have honestly never seen arancini without a breadcrumb coating. I wonder if any of our readers could help you recreate your Nana’s recipe? (which sounds amazing!) Anyone?

  3. I’ve been eating arancini since I can remember. My nonna made them, and now my mom makes them, and I’m sure I will, too. We make ours with peas and sometimes meat. I’ll have to show my mom’ this version. Thanks!

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