Clementine Cake

This clementine cake gets its swanky appearance from clementines, satsuma oranges, or tangerines. The cake itself is easy to make from simple everyday ingredients including flour, butter, and eggs, then it’s topped with candied clementine slices. Because it’s got fruit, it’s sorta healthy, right? Ahem.

A clementine cake on a round silver platter with one slice on a plate beside it.

This clementine cake may look like an upside-down cake and taste like an upside-down cake but it couldn’t be more right-side-up. And there’s no scary moment of reckoning—or rather, wrecking—that requires you to scarily turn out the rich, buttery cake and its sticky sweet topping from the pan while preventing it from crumbling or cracking. (Incidentally, this clementine cake was originally called a satsuma cake, which sounds sorta exotic but simply refers to the category of all those cute little orbs of citrus that are ubiquitous at grocery stores each winter, including clementines, tangerines, even smallish navel oranges. Use whichever you fancy or can get your hands on. Any citrus with few or no seeds and thin peels that are easy to slip off* works spectacularly well.–Renee Schettler

Illustration by Betty Mallorca

Clementine Cake

  • Quick Glance
  • (16)
  • 30 M
  • 1 H, 30 M
  • Serves 8 to 10
4.2/5 - 16 reviews
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Special Equipment: 9- or 10-inch (23- or 25-cm) springform pan

Ingredients

  • For the glazed citrus
  • For the clementine cake

Directions

Make the glazed citrus

Finely grate the zest of 1 of the citrus fruits. You should have about 1 teaspoon. Reserve it for the cake batter. Cut that citrus fruit in half, juice it, and strain the juice; you should have 1/3 cup juice. (There’s a chance you may need a second citrus to yield sufficient juice.)

Slice the remaining citrus fruits into very thin circles—not paper thin, mind you, but no more than 1/4 inch (6 mm) thick. Remove and discard any seeds. [Editor’s Note: If using thicker-skinned citrus, slice the citrus 1/4 inch (6 mm) thick, place the slices on a plate, and microwave on high for 1 to 3 minutes, depending on how thick the peels. This helps ensure the thick peel softens without turning the fruit clinging to it to mush.]

In a medium nonreactive saucepan over low heat, combine the orange juice, lemon juice, sugar, salt, and orange slices and bring to a slow simmer. Cook until the centers of the orange slices are starting to become tender and translucent but aren’t falling apart and the peels are tender, 6 to 10 minutes, depending on the thickness. If the peels aren’t yet tender enough to cut with a fork, keep simmering until they are.

Using a slotted spoon, carefully transfer the orange slices to a plate. Continue to simmer the syrup until it reduces to 1/2 cup, anywhere from 10 to 25 minutes, depending on how long you simmered the orange slices and the size of your pan. Remove from the heat.

Tester tip: You may want to pour the remaining syrup into a pyrex measuring cup using a spatula to scrape the pan. This made it easier to microwave later because it’s a lot easier to pour the syrup onto the cake when it’s warm.
Make the clementine cake

Preheat the oven to 375°F (190°C). Butter a 9- or 10-inch springform cake pan.

Toss the butter and sugar in the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment and beat on medium speed until fluffy. With the mixer still running, add an egg and mix until it’s completely and indisputably incorporated before adding the second egg. When the second egg is similarly incorporated, sprinkle the grated orange zest reserved from the glaze recipe over the batter and mix until combined.

In a bowl, sift together the semolina flour, all-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt.

Gently mix the flour mixture into the batter, a little at a time, and mix just until no white streaks of flour remain. Pour the batter into the buttered cake pan and smooth the surface. 

Arrange the glazed oranges on the batter in a single layer, first pausing to allow any excess glaze to drip from the oranges back into the pan before placing them on the cake. Reserve the remaining glaze in the pan. (You may also end up with some extra citrus slices, which is intentional since some of the slices may fall apart during simmering. Any extras are lovely to nibble or spoon over yogurt.)

Bake the cake for 15 minutes. Reduce the oven temperature to 350°F (177°C) and bake the cake until it’s an even golden brown and a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean, for 25 to 30 minutes more for a total of 40 to 45 minutes.

Let the cake cool in the pan on a wire rack until just warm. 

Warm the remaining glaze. Using a wooden skewer, poke holes all over the surface of the cake. Brush the glaze over the cake using a pastry brush. Let the cake cool to room temperature on a wire rack before removing it from the pan or simply slice and serve the cake straight from the pan. Originally published January 20, 2012.

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    *What can I use instead of clementines for this recipe?

    • The most critical attribute of whatever citrus that you select for this recipe—whether satsumas, tangerines, clementines, or smallish navel oranges—isn’t the tartness of the segments so much as the thickness (or, if you will, thinness) of the peel, which remains on the citrus while it’s candied to keep the lovely circles of segments intact and to impart an ever so slight bitterness to the stunningly sweet glaze as a little welcome contrast.

      Fear not, the rinds soften sufficiently to be fork-friendly and turn sweet enough to be palate-pleasing, but only if you use thin-skinned citrus. Thicker-skinned citrus such as regular oranges just don’t play nicely in the time allowed, and simmering them a little longer until they do turn tender brings bitter consequences, both in terms of taste and the inescapable fact that the citrus segments tend to sag and fall apart.

      That said, if you can only find thick-skinned citrus, we have a fix for you. One of our veteran recipe testers, Helen Doberstein, was so taken by this simple and stunning recipe—yet vexed by the thick peels she was finding in grocery stores—that she kept tinkering until she had an aha! moment. She microwaved thicker citrus slices prior to simmering them. (Brilliant, right?) You’ll find all the essentials of her trusty trick explained in the recipe above.

    Recipe Testers' Reviews

    This is a very flavorful, pretty clementine cake with minimal effort. The effects of baking the semi-candied orange slices on top of the cake was very pretty (and there were no hold-your-breath moments when unmolding the cake). All in all, this cake was the hit of the party. It was so much more flavorful than the store-bought ones and it was not overly sweet.

    I used a 10-inch springform pan, and it really did make removing the cake much easier. I used clementines. I also used only all-purpose flour.

    I would recommend cutting more orange slices than you think you’ll need to poach, as some of them will break apart when they come out of the poaching liquid.

    The glaze gives it a real orange punch in addition to keeping it very moist. I will be making this one again.

    This satsuma orange cake received positive comments from everyone who tasted it. It was buttery and not too sweet due to the slightly bitter finish of the orange peel.

    I was concerned about the amount of sugar indicated because I find pineapple upside-down cake too sweet but the citrus and the bitter peel factor mentioned above alleviated that worry. It is a very pretty cake and simple to make. The only negative was that the orange rind was a bit hard to get through, but then again, the tasters weren’t using forks!

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    Comments

    1. You know that saying…’when life gives you lemons, you make lemonade’. Well in my case, life (aka my neighbor) gives me mandarins, lots of them, every year from the tree in his garden so what did I do this year??? Make THIS cake. Changed the name to Mandarin Cake cuz well, duh, it has mandarins in it but OH MY, what a spectacular treat this cake is no matter what you call it.

      I basically followed the recipe to the ‘T’ with just a couple of exceptions. I had no semolina flour so subbed in fine cornmeal. I’ve done this with other citrus cakes and knew 1. It would turn out and 2. Enjoy the added flavor dimension of the cornmeal.

      I also used a different size pan. My thought was to make two smaller cakes as I wanted to give one to my neighbor who had bestowed so many mandarins on me. I have small 7” flex mold pans so opted for those instead. I knew I risked some tricky unmolding of the cakes but decided I was up for the challenge. I set myself up for success by lining the bottoms with buttered parchment rounds to ensure that the cake did not stick when unmolding. And because the cake is a bit denser than a classic cake, I didn’t fear it falling apart while getting it out of the mold. Worked like a charm.

      So after the glaze and it had cooled some, I loosened the edges and flipped it out onto a plate and then quickly placed another plate on top and flipped it back right side up. I give myself a ‘10’ for the dismount as it was perfection!!

      Other than those two changes, I followed the recipe. I did make extra poached mandarin slices because I had plenty of mandarins and they are an awesome sweet snack on their own. I didn’t have any problem with them falling apart during poaching which I thought maybe I would because mandarins are super seedy. I had removed all the seeds when slicing them but they left some substantial holes in the pulp but even so, on a gentle heat during poaching they stayed intact.

      The only other note I’d like to make is I did make two smaller cakes (doubled the cake part of the recipe) and used the full amount of one batter recipe in each cake. I was thinking I may have too much but they cooked up perfectly. I guess I would have maybe had a thinner cake had and I used the called for mold size but I was super happy with my results.

      I’ve posted photos of the cake (as well as the process) on my Instagram feed if you’d like to take a look. You can find me @cannesoleil. I’ll also try and upload some photos to this site but not sure if I’m tech-savvy enough for that!

      My last recommendation: MAKE THIS CAKE!

      Happy baking everyone!

      An upside-down clementine cake, with golden slices of clementines showing

      An upside-down clementine cake, with golden slices of clementines showing

    2. This is a photo of the cake I made, using the clementine cake recipe, and a bunch of citrus I had that was beginning to give me “the look.” It may be the best cake I’ve ever made or eaten, and I’ve been doing both for nigh on 60 years. I think it may become a Christmas dessert, and the cake base itself may become a canvas for some more cakes as the seasons change.

      A clementine cake topped sliced oranges, blood oranges, and clementines on a baking pan

      1. Nick, hope is not lost. As the recipe says, you can use satsumas, clementines, tangerines, blood oranges, or small navel oranges. You gotta have at least one of those nearby!

    3. It says “combine the orange juice and lemon juice for step three- but orange juice isn’t in the ingredients. Am I missing something?

      1. Rob, the first ingredient is “satsumas, clementines, tangerines, blood oranges, or small navel oranges,” all of which are in the orange family. That’s what step 3 is referring to.

    4. I made this for the first time today. Satsuma mandarins are raised in our area. My local grocery store did not have semolina flour, so I used 100% all purpose flour. The batter was very thick (I had to spoon it into the baking pan) and the cake did not rise much. It is very flavorful and pretty. Next time, I plan to add a couple of teaspoons of juice to the batter to thin it out slightly.

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