Brazilian Beef Kibbe

Brazilian beef kibbe are similar to Middle Eastern croquettes made with ground beef and bulgur and herbs served with a tangy mint and yogurt sauce.

Brazil is a melting pot. Initially made up of three cultures — Portuguese, African, and native Indian — the country later benefited from an influx of immigrants, including Japanese and Lebanese, who arrived in the mid-1900s and brought along all sorts of wonderful foods. Kibbe is one of them and is a favorite of mine. I love to serve it with a simple, elegant Yogurt-Mint Sauce, but feel free to set out other dips, such as a mustard sauce or chimichurri.–Letícia Moreinos

Brazilian Beef Kibbe

A platter of Brazilian beef kibbe with a cup of yogurt mint dressing in the center and cups of pine nuts and peppercorns, and a head of garlic on the side.
Brazilian beef kibbe are similar to Middle Eastern croquettes made with ground beef and bulgur and herbs served with a tangy mint and yogurt sauce.
Letícia Moreinos

Prep 50 mins
Cook 1 hr
Total 1 hr 50 mins
5 from 1 vote
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For the yogurt-mint sauce

  • 1/2 cup plain low-fat Greek yogurt
  • 1/2 cup sour cream
  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • 1 tablespoon finely chopped red onion
  • 2 tablespoons chopped mint leaves
  • Few drops of fresh lemon juice
  • Few drops of store-bought or homemade hot sauce
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground pepper

For the kibbe

  • 1 cup medium-ground bulgur
  • 1 pound lean ground beef
  • 1/2 yellow onion finely chopped
  • 1 scallion white and green parts, finely chopped
  • 2 garlic cloves finely minced
  • 1 teaspoon dried oregano
  • 1/4 cup mint leaves chopped
  • 1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil plus more for drizzling
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • Pinch of freshly ground pepper
  • Pinch of cayenne pepper
  • Few drops of hot sauce
  • 2 cups canola oil for frying


Make the sauce

  • In a medium bowl, whisk together the yogurt, sour cream and mustard. Stir in the red onion, mint, lemon juice, and Tabasco and season to taste with salt and pepper. The sauce can be prepared up to 5 days ahead of time and refrigerated until needed.

Make the kibbe

  • Rinse the bulgur with warm water to remove any dirt and excess starch. Drain it well in a colander then scoop it into a bowl and set aside.
  • Bring 4 cups of water to a boil then carefully pour it over the bulgur. Cover the bowl with a tight-fitting lid or foil and let soak until the bulgur has tripled in size, 45 minutes to 1 hour.
  • Dump the ground beef in a large bowl. Add the hydrated bulgur, onion, scallion, garlic, oregano, mint, olive oil, salt, pepper, cayenne, and hot sauce. Mix with your hands until well blended.
  • Pinch off an egg-size piece of the mixture and roll it between your palms to form an oval with two pointed ends. (At this point you can refrigerate the formed kibbe in a tightly covered container for 1 day. Make sure to bring them to room temperature before frying).

Fry the kibbe

  • Heat the oven to 180°F (80°C). Place a wire rack on a baking and sheet and slip it inside.
  • Heat the canola oil in a heavy-bottomed pot with high sides until it registers 350°F (175°C) on a deep-fat thermometer. If you don’t have a thermometer, lower a kibbe in the bowl of a slotted spoon into the oil; if the oil sizzles and snaps and the kibbe starts to color, you’re set.
  • Fry the kibbe in batches, giving them plenty of elbow room, otherwise they won’t cook evenly. Turn them occasionally till they’re deeply brown, 3 to 5 minutes.
  • Using a slotted spoon, transfer the kibbe to paper towels to drain. Transfer the kibbe to the wire rack in the oven to keep warm while you finish frying the rest.
  • Arrange the kibbe on a large platter, or in small paper containers for a festive look, and have plenty of Yogurt-Mint Sauce on hand for dipping. If desired, drizzle the sauce with olive oil. To reheat, pop the kibbe in a 300°F (150°C) oven for 5 to 10 minutes.
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Make sure to buy very lean ground meat; if the meat is marbled with fat, the kibbe won’t hold its shape when frying. Also, take the meat out of the refrigerator 30 minutes before using it so it blends with the bulgur.

Originally published May 01, 2009


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    1. Sultan, yes, the dish was created in the Middle East, but it’s global! It’s part of Armenian, Brazilian, Colombian, Dominican, Cypriot, Egyptian, Iranian, Iraqi, Israeli, Jordanian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Syrian, and Turkish culture. It’s a beloved dish all over the world.

  1. Dear David

    I saw this recipe today and brought back memories from muy native Dominican Republic, we call them kipes and is a favorite party snack. I will make these really soon!

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