If what you’re craving is something modest and virtuous, this fennel potato gratin isn’t for you. If, on the other hand, you’re seeking a sorta indecently indulgent side dish that’s rich with soul-satisfying spuds smothered with cheese sauce, then by all means, consider this a keeper. Satiating, sophisticated, yet still quite simple.

david caricature

Why Our Testers Loved This

The rich decadence of this creamy casserole made it a quick favorite among our testers. They loved that it was comforting, yet remained an elegant side dish. Judith P. also loved reaping the rewards of “trying something familiar in a new way.”

What You’ll Need to Make This

  • Half-and-half–This will give you the best, creamiest version of the sauce. However, if you don’t have half-and-half, you can make the sauce with milk.
  • White Cheddar cheese–The white Cheddar gives the dish its distinctive flavor and color. You can substitute Gruyère or gouda for some of the white Cheddar.
  • Potatoes–Starchy russet potatoes are best here, but our testers did have success using Yukon Gold potatoes.
  • Fennel–Be sure to buy a medium or large fennel bulb (or two small ones) so that you have enough fennel to create all the layers in your gratin.

How to Make This Recipe

  1. Heat the oven to 400°F. Butter a broiler-proof baking or gratin dish.
  2. Make the cheese sauce. Sauté the shallots and garlic in butter, whisk in the flour, then the half-and-half. Once thickened, remove from the heat and add the cheese. Season with nutmeg, salt, and pepper.
  3. Assemble the gratin. Layer the potato and fennel slices in your baking dish to create 3 or 4 layers, then cover with the cheese sauce.
  4. Bake the gratin. Cook the gratin, covered, until the potatoes are tender.
  5. Broil the gratin. Remove the foil and broil until browned. Let cool slightly before serving.

Common Questions

What’s a gratin?

A gratin is a vegetable or pasta dish that is made with a cheese sauce and is sometimes topped with crispy bread crumbs. Potato gratin is the most common, but gratins can be made with almost any vegetable, like this root vegetable gratinBrussels sprouts gratin, or asparagus, egg, and cheese strata.

Can I make this in advance?

Yes. You can assemble and bake the gratin up to 24 hours ahead of time. Let it cool, cover it tightly with foil, and stash it in the fridge. Rewarm, covered, in a 350°F oven until heated through. Remove the foil and broil as instructed in step 8.

What should I serve with this gratin?

This rich and creamy potato fennel gratin would be fantastic alongside grilled bavette steak with caramelized shallots. A light salad, like this celery salad or this shaved zucchini salad, would round out the meal nicely.

Helpful Tips

  • Use a mandoline to thinly slice your potatoes and fennel. This helps to ensure slices of even thickness.
  • Place your baking dish on a foil-lined baking sheet before cooking. If your sauce bubbles over during baking, the foil will catch the drips.
  • If you don’t use all of your reserved fennel fronds, they make a lovely addition to salads, or as a fennel and potato soup garnish.

More Great Fennel Recipes

Write a Review

If you make this recipe, or any dish on LC, consider leaving a review, a star rating, and your best photo in the comments below. I love hearing from you.–David

A browned fennel potato gratin, garnished with rosemary in an oval casserole dish with handles and a glass of white wine on either side of the dish.

Fennel Potato Gratin

5 / 4 votes
This fennel potato gratin, made with layers of thinly sliced fennel and potatoes, and a thick creamy white Cheddar sauce, is one of the most comforting side dishes we’ve ever experienced.
David Leite
Servings8 servings
Calories340 kcal
Prep Time45 minutes
Cook Time1 hour
Total Time1 hour 45 minutes


  • 3 tablespoons (1 1/2 oz) butter, plus more for the baking dish
  • 1 shallot, sliced
  • 1 garlic clove, minced
  • 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 1 1/4 cups half-and-half, plus more if needed
  • 1/2 block (10 oz) sharp white Cheddar cheese, shredded
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 2 pounds baking potatoes, such as russets (2 to 3 large), peeled and thinly sliced
  • 8 ounces fennel bulb (1 medium), thinly sliced and fronds reserved
  • Fresh rosemary leaves, to garnish
  • Chopped fennel fronds, to garnish (optional)


  • Preheat the oven to 400°F (204°C) and adjust an oven rack to the middle position. Lightly butter a broiler-safe 2-quart (1.9-liter) baking dish.
  • In a heavy saucepan over medium heat, melt the butter. Add the shallot and cook, stirring occasionally, until tender, 2 to 3 minutes. Stir in the garlic and cook, stirring, for 1 minute more.
  • Sprinkle in the flour and cook, whisking constantly, for 1 minute. Gradually whisk in the half-and-half and cook, whisking constantly, until thickened and bubbly, 3 to 6 minutes.
  • Remove from the heat and whisk in the cheese until it melts and the sauce is smooth, 2 to 3 minutes. Stir in the salt, pepper, and nutmeg. If your sauce seems exceptionally thick, thin it with a little additional half-and-half.
  • Layer the potato and fennel slices alternately in the prepared baking dish. You should have 3 to 4 layers.
  • Spread the cheese sauce over the fennel and potatoes and cover the dish with aluminum foil.

    ☞ TESTER TIP: If your baking dish seems quite full, place the dish on a rimmed baking sheet lined with foil before baking in case the gratin bubbles over.

  • Bake until the potatoes are tender, 50 to 70 minutes.
  • Remove the gratin from the oven, adjust the oven rack to 5 inches (13 cm) from the heat, and set the oven to broil. Uncover the dish and broil until golden brown, 2 to 4 minutes.
  • Let the gratin rest for at least 10 minutes. Garnish with rosemary and, if desired, the snipped reserved fennel fronds.


  1. Make in advance–Assemble and bake the gratin up to 24 hours in advance. Let cool, cover with foil, and stash in the fridge. Reheat in a 350°F oven, covered, until heated through, then remove the foil and broil, as instructed in step 8.
  2. Use a mandoline–A mandoline will give you even thin slices of potato and fennel.
  3. Storage–Leftover gratin can be kept in a sealed container in the fridge for up to 4 days.
Sunday Suppers Cookbook

Adapted From

Sunday Suppers: Simple, Delicious Menus for Family Gatherings

Buy On Amazon


Serving: 1 portionCalories: 340 kcalCarbohydrates: 27 gProtein: 13 gFat: 21 gSaturated Fat: 12 gMonounsaturated Fat: 5 gTrans Fat: 0.2 gCholesterol: 60 mgSodium: 422 mgFiber: 3 gSugar: 4 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2017 Cynthia Graubart. Photo © 2017 Time, Inc.. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

A round casseroled dish filled with fennel potato gratin, garnished with rosemary.

This potato fennel gratin was a sinful treat that was ready for the table after just resting for 30 minutes. My previous experience with scalloped-type potatoes had involved pre-making the day before then portioning onto cubes or rounds that held their shape after warming up… fussy, I know…but made for great plating. This recipe presented well on the plate with defined layers that held their shape yet remained creamy with a pleasant bite of both potato and aromatic fennel, almost floral yet hearty and satisfying.

I didn’t have a 2-quart casserole dish so I used a 1.2 quart dish and 3 ramekins. I am a fan of individualized portions. The smaller dishes were more caramelized, which was not a surprise. The larger dish required an extra 10 minutes in the oven than that expected by the recipe. This leads me to believe that a 2-quart dish might have needed even extra time unless this was due to oven temperature discrepancy.

I served this with grilled flank steak and a garden salad that also included shaved fennel. We also enjoyed it the following day as a main dish with an arugula and fennel fronds salad. Definitely making this again with the revised measurements! If your favorite creamy baked mac and cheese had a pasta-less cousin, this fennel and potato gratin would be it!

This may be the best potato gratin I have ever made.

This is a relatively easy preparation and yields a very rich result. The cheese sauce has just enough complexity with the shallots and nutmeg to make the flavor profile sophisticated yet family friendly. We like fennel, so when looking at my small bulb, I also sliced up the stalk just as far as it was solid and included the chopped fronds. If your fennel was larger, that would be great because I didn’t have quite enough fennel left for the final layer.

I used a mandoline to thinly slice both the potatoes and the fennel, wearing a safety glove. I layered the very thin layers of potato overlapping to be opaque, and only had potatoes when I got to the top, or fourth, layer.

I used Yukon Gold potatoes as those were the potatoes on hand and they were very satisfying but if the dish was made with a more floury potato you probably only would need 50 minutes. You can approximate half-and-half with cream and whole milk. If you’re scant on Cheddar, a portion of aged table cheese, similar to toma, or even gouda or gruyere would melt well and blend in for a small portion.

Try to not overfill the baking dish and maybe put a tray or sheet of foil on the lower shelf of the oven in case it bubbles over, and be careful when removing it from the oven before broiling, because the dish is very full with bubbling liquid around the edges. Use a spatula around the edges when you remove it from the oven to ease the crunchy edges from the dish so you get to serve them instead of scrub them off the baking dish later!!

While absolutely delicious on the evening prepared, portions of this gratin also reheat nicely in the oven in a buttered dish (I used a 350℉ oven for about 30 minutes and tenting with foil to keep it from browning too much until the last 5 to 10 minutes).

This tastes very decadent yet is made with the most modest ingredients and method.

Reaping the rewards of trying something familiar in a new way is what this fennel potato gratin recipe was for me. The end product didn’t resemble the photograph accompanying the recipe—it was far more wonderful looking.

While I don’t possess a broiler-proof ceramic pan, I do have our mother’s old, flame-red, ovoid, enameled cast iron Descoware dish made in Belgium and it served us so very well. The sauce was so thick, I was concerned that I wouldn’t get it poured over the potatoes and fennel before it began to firm up a bit!

I worked with 2 enormous russets that weighed in at a total of 2 pounds. The fennel flavor of my little bulb, regrettably, didn’t rise through all the potato-y, buttery, Cheddar-y depth to say “Fennel! Present!” Mea culpa.

Make sure to select a fennel bulb with plenty of feathery fronds to snip liberally over the finished gratin, along with the minced fresh rosemary (I went with a generous tablespoon). I ended up with 5 layers of potato and fennel. The white Cheddar (Yancy’s Fancy XXX Sharp New York White Cheddar) was a sharp departure from the usual nutty Gruyere. Good call!

Oh my god, it was beautiful. Before sliding the gratin into the oven, while placing the foil over the top of the dish, I was a little concerned about its gloppy, I-don’t-know-about-this appearance. But it transformed into a tender, temptingly golden brown entrée, and after 7 minutes under the broiler and being topped with the fresh rosemary and fennel aromatics, the transformation was complete and satisfying, and dinner was served, simply, with a green salad and a Decoy sauvignon blanc. Sigh.

And mind you, this is during a southern California Memorial Day heating-up weekend. Imagine serving this during a chilly spell with a beautiful roasted bird, slow roast lamb, or roast beef. And, sigh, again.

This was a fantastic potato and fennel gratin! If you’re looking for something special to make that isn’t your normal run-of-the-mill au gratin potatoes, this recipe is a great place to start. I really enjoyed the flavor of the white Cheddar cheese in the sauce. The cheese sauce was easy to make and it was oh so creamy!!!

The fennel added that extra special layer of flavor. I increased the recipe by 1 1/2 times as I wanted 12 servings. I had 2 layers each of potatoes, fennel, and sauce and used a 9-by-13-inch baking dish to bake them in. The potatoes required an additional 20 minutes of baking time which was probably due to the additional amount of potatoes I was preparing.

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    This gratin is luscious. I used three small fennel bulbs for a little extra. The cheddar sauce is quick and easy, and I used three cloves of garlic because one is never enough! Removed the foil for the last twenty minutes to get the browning on top. I scored a whole chicken at the market so the bird was roasted, and dinner was rounded out by a green salad of escarole/butter lettuce/cuke/avocado with the yogurt/lime sauce from the chipotle wings for dressing. Lovely dinner! When quarantine is lifted I will have plenty of menus to share with friends. And I have leftover gratin which will be great with skirt steak on the grill.

    1. Wow, Lisa, my mouth is watering at the thought of your lovely meal! We’re so thrilled that you loved the gratin, and thanks for taking the time to let us know.

  2. Whoa, if I can get a chicken to roast at the market this is totally happening this weekend! Or maybe I’ll make meatloaf. Gratin is one of my favorite sides and I love anything with fennel. This weekend will be a cooking binge.