This Kung Pao Chicken is an easy, authentic Chinese dish made with chunks of crispy chicken breast, peanuts, and chiles in an authentic sauce of soy sauce, black vinegar, and sesame oil.
Kung Pao chicken, for those who’ve only ever seen it on Chinese menus and not ordered it, consists of a lightly sweet-and-sour sauce infused with the complexity (and slight lip-tingling qualities) of Sichuan pepper. The tastes and the textures are all different yet extraordinarily complementary in that yin and yang sorta balanced way, to say nothing of the dish’s impressive appearance when served straight from the wok. Originally published March 4, 2003.–Renee Schettler Rossi
How To Pronounce Kung Pao Chicken
Curious how to properly pronounce the classic Chinese dish you’re about to make? We certainly were. In seeking the pronunciation, we came to find that Kung Pao is sorta the Americanized slang for Gong Bao chicken which is actually short for Gong Bao Ji Ding. Here’s its proper pronunciation. (Say again? We had to listen several times to nail it, so don’t feel bad if you don’t get it on the first try.)
Interested to learn more about the history of this dish? Author Fuschia Dunlop explains: “This dish has the curious distinction of having been labeled as politically incorrect during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. It’s named after a late Qing Dynasty (late 19th century) governor of Sichuan, Ding Baozhen—Gong Bao was his official title—who is said to have particularly enjoyed eating it. No one can quite agree on the details of the dish’s origins: Some say it was a dish Ding Baozhen brought with him from his home province of Guizhou; others that he ate it in a modest restaurant when he went out in humble dress to observe the real lives of his subjects; still others, rather implausibly, that his chef invented the finely chopped chicken dish because Ding Baozhen had bad teeth. Whatever the truth of its origins, its association with an imperial bureaucrat was enough to provoke the wrath of the Cultural Revolution radicals, and it was renamed “fast-fried chicken cubes” (hong bao ji ding) or “chicken cubes with seared chiles” (hu la ji ding) until its political rehabilitation in the 1980s.”
Kung Pao Chicken With Peanuts
- Quick Glance
- 20 M
- 25 M
- Serves 2
- For the marinade
- 1 1/2 teaspoons potato flour or 2 1/4 teaspoons cornstarch
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 2 teaspoons light soy sauce
- 1 teaspoon Shaoxing rice wine or medium-dry sherry
- 1 tablespoon water
- 2/3 pound boneless chicken breasts, skin-on or skinless, cut into 1/2-to-3/4-inch (12- to 18-mm) chunks
- For the sauce
- 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
- 3/4 teaspoon potato flour or 1 1/8 teaspoons cornstarch
- 1 teaspoon dark soy sauce
- 1 teaspoon light soy sauce
- 1 tablespoon Chinkiang or Chinese black vinegar
- 1 teaspoon toasted sesame oil
- 1 tablespoon homemade chicken stock or canned chicken broth, or water
- For the Kung Pao chicken
- 3 garlic cloves, thinly sliced
- Ginger (enough to equal the amount of garlic), thinly sliced
- 5 scallions, white and green parts, cut into 1/2-inch lengths
- 2 tablespoons peanut oil
- A generous handful of dried red chiles (at least 10) preferably Sichuanese
- 1 teaspoon whole Sichuan pepper
- 2/3 cup roasted unsalted peanuts
- Make the marinade
- 1. In a small bowl, combine the potato flour or cornstarch and salt. Slowly add the soy sauce, rice wine, and water, mixing constantly with a fork. (If using potato flour, the marinade will be more of a paste than a liquid marinade. That’s okay.)
- 2. Add the chicken and stir to evenly coat the chicken. Let it stand at room temperature.
- Make the sauce
- 3. In a small bowl, combine the sauce ingredients.
- Make the Kung Pao chicken
- 4. Snip the chiles into 2 or 3 pieces. Wearing rubber gloves, discard as many chile seeds as possible.
- 5. Add 2 tablespoons oil to the wok and place it over high heat. When the oil is hot but not yet smoking, add the chiles and Sichuan pepper and stir-fry briefly until crisp and the oil is spicy and fragrant. Whatever you do, be mindful not to burn the chiles and pepper. You can remove the wok from the heat if necessary to prevent overheating.
- 6. Plop in the chicken pieces and cook, stirring constantly. As soon as the chicken cubes have separated, add the ginger, garlic, and scallions and continue to stir-fry for a few minutes, until everything is fragrant and the chicken is cooked through. (You may want to slice into one of the larger pieces of chicken to make sure it’s done.)
- 7. Stir the sauce and then carefully swirl it into the wok, continuing to stir and toss. As soon as the sauce is warmed through and becomes thick and shiny, add the peanuts, stir to combine, and serve immediately.
Recipe Testers Reviews
This Kung Pao Chicken is just like what's on the menu at my favorite Szechuan restaurant. Rich, complex, not ridiculously spicy, and a perfect consistency for the sauce. Some of the ingredients aren't standard issue in most American kitchens, but any reasonable Asian market should be able to help you out.
I was careful to remove most, if not all of the seeds from my dried chiles, as my wife doesn't like things too hot. The "ma la" tongue-tingling sensation was just right; I think if the Szechuan peppercorns had been ground, it would have been out of control. Also, keeping the peppercorns whole and the dried chiles in larger pieces allows the heat-averse to pick around them.
As with many stir-fry recipes, it's more work to prep than to cook, but this could easily be done on a weeknight once you have the specialty ingredients.
For me this was a real winner.
This Kung Pao chicken is a very flavorful dish that was a wonderful treat for a weekday meal. I used Guajillo peppers that gave a delicious flavor but weren't too hot. The peanuts work well with the complex flavors of the different kinds of soy sauce, the rice vinegar, and the sesame oil.
My one suggestion is that there be a bit more vegetable mixed in. I used the white part of 5 large scallions but it would have benefitted from more or perhaps an onion cut into wide strips or chunks. I served it with a salad of spring lettuces with cut-up apple, which provided a nice balance with the chicken.