Homemade Pancetta

This homemade pancetta is unsmoked bacon or pork belly that’s cured with salt, sugar, pepper, juniper berries, bay leaves, nutmeg, and thyme. It’s an ingredient in many Italian pasta dishes such as Spaghetti Carbonara and as a substitute for guanciale in Bucatini all’Amatriciana and can be hard to find.

A piece of homemade pancetta sliced to show the circular pattern.

Homemade pancetta is kind of like Italian bacon. It’s pork belly cured with salt and seasonings which is then rolled into a log and hung to dry for a couple weeks rather than being smoked. It’s typically thinly sliced or diced and then sautéed to add complexity to other dishes. The traditional process of curing and drying pancetta takes about 3 weeks but the timing varies depending on whom you ask. You could also choose not to roll it and use it as is, treating it as you would fresh bacon.–Michael Ruhlman and Brian Polcyn

Homemade Pancetta FAQs

What can you do with pancetta?

Marcella Hazan, in The Essentials of Classic Italian Cooking, notes that pancetta’s “savory-sweet unsmoked flavor has no wholly satisfactory substitute.” Truth. Chunks of  homemade pancetta can be added to stews, beans, and soups. The classic Roman dish spaghetti alla carbonara (photo below) is made with sauteed pancetta and eggs. Cabbage and Brussels sprouts are superb when sautéed with pancetta. Hazan suggests sautéing it with spring peas (a traditional preparation) or braising Boston lettuce with it. And pasta with pancetta and Brussels sprouts is a perfect dish to add your homemade charcuterie.

A bowl filled with spaghetti carbonara, topped with freshly grated Parmesan.

What is pink curing salt?

First it’s not Himalayan pink salt. Pink curing salt, a curing salt with nitrite, is called by different names and sold under various brand, such as tinted cure mix or T.C.M., DQ Curing Salt, Prague Powder #1, and Insta Cure #1. The nitrite in curing salts does a few special things to meat: It changes the flavor, preserves the meat’s red color, prevents fats from developing rancid flavors, and prevents many bacteria from growing.

Homemade Pancetta

A piece of homemade pancetta sliced to show the circular pattern.
This homemade pancetta is unsmoked bacon or pork belly that's cured with salt, sugar, pepper, juniper berries, bay leaves, nutmeg, and thyme. It's an ingredient in many Italian pasta dishes such as carbonara and as a substitute for guanciale in all’Amatriciana and can be hard to find.

Prep 30 mins
Cure Time 20 d 23 hrs 30 mins
Total 21 d
90 slices
121 kcal
4.84 / 12 votes
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  • One (5-pound) slab pork belly skin removed
  • 4 garlic cloves minced
  • 1 teaspoon pink curing salt known as DC Curing Salt, Prague Powder #1, and more (see FAQ above)
  • 1/4 cup kosher salt
  • 2 tablespoons dark brown sugar
  • 4 tablespoons coarsely ground black pepper divided
  • 2 tablespoons juniper berries crushed with the bottom of a small saute pan
  • 4 bay leaves crumbled
  • 1 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg
  • 4 or 5 sprigs fresh thyme


  • Trim the pork belly so that its edges are neat and square.
  • Combine the garlic, pink salt, kosher salt, dark brown sugar, juniper berries, bay leaves, nutmeg, thyme, and half the black pepper in a bowl and mix thoroughly so that the pink salt is evenly distributed.
  • Rub the mixture all over the pork belly to give it a uniform coating over the entire surface.
  • Place the belly in a 2-gallon resealable plastic bag or in a covered nonreactive container just large enough to hold it. Refrigerate for 7 days. Without removing the pork belly from the bag, rub the pork belly to redistribute the seasonings and flip it over every other day—a process called overhauling.
  • After 7 days, check the pork belly for firmness. If it feels firm at its thickest point, it’s cured. If it still feels squishy, refrigerate it with the cure for 1 to 2 more days.
  • Remove the pork belly from the bag or container, rinse it thoroughly under cold water, and pat it dry. Sprinkle the meat side with the remaining black pepper.
  • Starting from a long side, roll up the pork belly tightly, as you would a thick towel, and tie it very tightly with butcher's string at 1- to 2-inch intervals. It's important that there are no air pockets inside the roll. In other words, it can't be too tightly rolled. Alternately, the pancetta can be left flat, wrapped in cheesecloth, and hung to dry for 5 to 7 days.
  • Using the string to suspend it, hang the rolled pancetta in a cool, humid place to dry for 2 weeks. The ideal conditions are 50°F to 60°F (8°C to 15°C) with 60 percent humidity, but a cool, humid basement works fine, as will most any place that's out of the sun. (I often hang mine in our kitchen next to the hanging pans on either side of the stove.)

    TESTER TIP: Humidity is important: If your pancetta begins to get hard, it's drying out and should be wrapped and refrigerated. The pancetta should be firm but pliable, not hard. Lort of like an almost ripe avocado.

    Because pancetta isn't meant to be eaten raw, the drying isn't as critical a stage as it is for items such as prosciutto or dry-cured sausages. But drying pancetta enhances its texture, intensifies its flavor, and helps it to last longer.

  • After drying, the pancetta can be wrapped in plastic and refrigerated for 3 weeks or more, or frozen for up to 4 months. Freezing makes it easier to slice thin.
Print RecipeBuy the Charcuterie cookbook

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Show Nutrition

Serving: 1sliceCalories: 121kcal (6%)Carbohydrates: 1gProtein: 2g (4%)Fat: 12g (18%)Saturated Fat: 4g (25%)Polyunsaturated Fat: 1gMonounsaturated Fat: 6gCholesterol: 16mg (5%)Sodium: 373mg (16%)Potassium: 47mg (1%)Fiber: 1g (4%)Sugar: 1g (1%)Vitamin A: 9IUVitamin C: 1mg (1%)Calcium: 3mgIron: 1mg (6%)

#leitesculinaria on Instagram If you make this recipe, snap a photo and hashtag it #LeitesCulinaria. We’d love to see your creations on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

By far, the best pancetta I’ve ever tasted, superior to anything you can buy at the store. Floral notes from the thyme and juniper as well as a little bit of funk from the hanging cure, permeated the meat.

The week I cured the belly was the ideal climate here in Seattle. I rolled the pork and hung it in my fruit cellar, where the average daily temperature was 63°F and the average humidity was 59, according to the little gizmo I keep in the cellar. I let the belly hang for 9 days, after which it looked and smelled so good I couldn’t wait to try it. The belly was medium firm and just a little dry on the ends. The outside fat had a smooth dry quality to it.

How did I use my pancetta? First, I trimmed off the dried ends and added them to some soup I was making. I sliced in between the strings, dividing the log into about 5 manageable sections.

The next night I cut some thick slices for lardons and used them in place of croutons in my Caesar salad. And again the next night in a Cobb salad for dinner. Carbonara is next up in the dinner plan. I froze the remaining sections, waiting for use. This was so easy to do, I imagine when I’m down to the last chunk of pancetta I’ll be heading out to the market for more pork belly and get my cure on.

One of the things that makes cooking so fun and exciting for me is trying something new. And like in other areas of life, I often find it helpful to push myself out of my comfort zone. So it was with this homemade pancetta recipe. At first I thought, “No way.” But that morphed into “Why not?” So I gave it a shot.

The recipe was fairly straightforward. Since we’re talking about curing meat, I kept it in the fridge for an extra week. I refrigerated the pork belly for 14 days. Then I rolled the pancetta and hung it in the basement for 2 weeks. So start to finish, it took 4 weeks to get to the final product and I don’t know why. But I was surprised (happily, to be sure) to see that my pancetta looked pretty much like the picture. But of course the real key is the taste.

Our first use was chopped up and sautéed and then mixed in with some scrambled eggs and cheese. Pretty standard fare. But I figured it would be a good platform for the flavor, which was really good. You could taste pretty much all the spice flavors from the cure. It was a little on the salty side but that was to be expected.

Originally published May 8, 2005


#leitesculinaria on Instagram If you make this recipe, snap a photo and hashtag it #LeitesCulinaria. We'd love to see your creations on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter.


  1. I live in the San Francisco Bay Area, where the humidity is usually drier than recommended. Is there a workaround for that?

    1. I’m confused, Dave. Doesn’t San Francisco typically have high humidity? From the data I can see, I think you’d be ok to make this in that area, although I’d avoid the most humid times of the year.

      1. I am across the bay and a little south, in San Leandro. It is generally warmer and dryer here, assuming we are not being hit with an atmospheric river. I made my first batch and it dried out enough to make the surface chewy. So I am trying to figure out not have it dry out.

        1. Ok, that makes sense, Dave. If you have a very small enclosed space where you’re drying the meat in, you could use a large bucket of water, placed nearby or underneath where you are hanging the meat. The other option, especially if it’s a larger space, would be to use a humidifier, like one of the portable cool mist ones that you can control the flow of vapor from. They’re relatively inexpensive (and also useful at night when you have a cold!)

          1. Hi Angie, another quick question. The place where I but my pork belly sells it with the skin on. I have been removing it, but some recipes say the traditional way is to leave it on. Any suggestions/recommendations?

          2. Dave, I believe you are correct that it is traditional to leave the skin on, and if you want to do that, it’s perfectly fine. It will change the curing time as the skin will slow the dehydration process.

    1. 5 stars
      There are some significant food safety issues with using the right amount of Prague powder 1. (Note not Prague powder 2) 15g for 2.3kg of raw meat, is sensible. The 6.25% refers to the level of sodium nitrite in the Prague powder and puts about 0.9g of sodium nitrite (or 0.6g of nitrite) into the 2.3kg of meat, or about 250mg / 100g of nitrite.

      Whilst this number is at the high end, it does ensure that you do not die from botulism. If you are concerned about your nitrite intake, it would be less risky to increase the batch size (and other ingredients) whilst keeping the Prague powder 1 at the same, rather than reduce the Prague powder 1 amount.

      1. Victor is right, 15 grams is way to much.
        Recommended use of Cure #1 is 0.25%, for 2.3Kg that would translate 5.75 grams.
        Another good guideline to work by is 10% of your total salt use should be prague powder.

        The salt content in this recipe is extremely high, 55 + 14.1 = 69.1 grams of salt, which is 3%. personally I feel that anything above 2.5% is way too salty, and I usually stick with 2.0 – 2.2%.

    1. Janet, the temperature should be fine for safely curing, but you do want to be able to maintain a humidity of 60 to 70%. Too low and you’ll run the risk of your pancetta becoming dry and hard too quickly.

  2. If I cure it and then eat it without the drying step, will I basically end up with pancetta-flavored bacon (texture-wise)? If I did go the no-dry route, would it be better to cure it with the spices for an extended period of time, or perhaps let it sit in the fridge for a few days after rinsing to get a “faux dry cure”?

    1. 5 stars
      Hi Peter, Once the cure stage has completed, then it is safe to take a slice, cook it and see how it’s turned out. The drying stage main purpose is that it helps bring out the flavours. If you skip the drying, just treat it like bacon for storage and fridge life, not pancetta.

    1. Marcus, refrigerators are just too dry for curing pancetta. I don’t suggest making the pancetta unless you can find a way to control humidity (a dehumidifier?), as the humidity level is crucial to proper curing.

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