Portuguese Turkey with Two Stuffings

Portuguese turkey with two stuffings is a duet of beloved and traditional Portuguese stuffings: a chouriço-bread dressing with spicy sausage, onions, garlic, crushed red pepper, and paprika and another dressing with sweet sausage, potato, butter, nutmeg, and spices.

A Portuguese roast turkey with two stuffings in white bowls with a spoon resting in one of the bowls.

This is the same paprika-sprinkled Portuguese turkey that I grew up with. My grandmother Costa always rubbed her poultry with salt and let it sit in the fridge for several hours prior to roasting, believing that it drew out impurities. Her ritual is similar to the koshering process, in which poultry is coated with salt and later rinsed several times. The benefit—voodoo aside—is a bird that’s juicy and richly flavorful. That’s why I insist you buy a kosher turkey. And I’m offering you a couple different Portuguese stuffings. Because one is never enough.–David Leite

Portuguese Turkey with Two Stuffings

  • Quick Glance
  • (1)
  • 1 H
  • 3 H
  • Serves 8
5/5 - 1 reviews
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Special Equipment: Kitchen string

Ingredients

  • For the turkey
  • For Dina's potato stuffing
  • For Avó Costa's bread stuffing
  • For the gravy (optional, seeing as it's not the Portuguese way, but so worthwhile)

Directions

Roast the turkey

Position a rack in the bottom of the oven and crank up the heat to 425°F (218°C).

Pat the turkey dry with paper towels. Rub the inside of the cavity with the cut side of 1 wedge of orange and 1 wedge of lemon and then toss them in the cavity. Generously season the cavity with salt and pepper and then stuff it with the remaining wedges and the bay leaves. Tuck the wing tips beneath the bird, as if it were folding its arms behind its head, and tie the legs together with kitchen string.

In a small bowl, mix together the melted butter, paprika, 1 1/2 teaspoons salt, and 1 teaspoon pepper. Brush about half of the butter mixture over the turkey. Place the bird, breast side down, on a V-rack set in a roasting pan.

Slip the turkey into the oven, pour 2 cups of water into the pan, and roast for 30 minutes. Reduce the heat to 350°F (176°C), flip the bird breast side up, and brush with some of the remaining butter mixture.

Continue roasting the turkey, brushing it every 30 minutes with the butter mixture, until an instant-read thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the thigh registers 165°F (74°C), 1 1/2 to 2 hours more. Tent the bird with foil if it’s browning too quickly.

Transfer the turkey to a serving platter and let stand, tented, for 20 minutes. Although it’s not the custom in Portugal, you can make gravy.

Make Dina’s potato stuffing

While the turkey roasts, toss the potatoes in a large pot of cold water. Add 1 tablespoon salt, cover, and bring to a boil over high heat. Cook until tender, 10 to 15 minutes. Drain the potatoes, return half of them to the pot, and mash well with a handheld masher or a fork. Set the rest of the potatoes aside and cover to keep warm.

In a medium skillet over medium-high heat, warm the butter until it melts and the foaming subsides. Crumble in the ground sausage and cook, breaking up the clumps, until well browned, 10 to 12 minutes.

Using a slotted spoon, scoop the sausage into the pot with the mashed potatoes and set that aside for the moment. Reduce the heat under the skillet to medium and, if the skillet seems dry, add a little more butter. Add the onion and cook, stirring occasionally, until golden, about 12 minutes. Stir in the garlic and cook, stirring, for 1 minute more. Add the chopped reserved liver and cook, stirring, until browned, about 3 minutes more. Scoop the mixture into the pot with the mashed potatoes.

Whisk the yolks and milk into the potato mixture until smooth; if the dressing seems too thick, whisk in more milk. Place the pot over medium heat and stir until the yolks are cooked, about 3 minutes. Fold in the reserved potatoes, sprinkle in the nutmeg and parsley, and season well with salt and pepper to taste. Keep warm.

Make Avó Costa’s bread stuffing

While the turkey roasts, warm a Dutch oven over medium-low heat. Add the bacon and cook, stirring often, until the bacon is crisp and the fat has rendered, 12 to 15 minutes.

Using a slotted spoon, transfer the bacon to paper towels. Pour off all but a thin film of fat from the pot into a cup. Bump up the heat to medium-high, add the chourico, and cook, stirring often, until lightly browned, about 7 minutes. Using a slotted spoon, transfer the sausage to a bowl. Pour off all but 2 tablespoons of fat, adding it to the bacon fat. If the Dutch oven seems dry, add 2 tablespoons of oil.

Lower the heat to medium, add the onions, and cook until softened, 7 to 10 minutes. Add the garlic and pepper flakes and cook for 1 minute more. Splash in the wine, add the red pepper paste and tomato paste, and stir to scrape up any stuck-on bits. Then let everything burble for a few minutes to cook the mixture.

Turn the heat to low, add the bread and the reserved bacon and chourico fats, and pour in just enough of the stock-water combination, beating well with a spoon, to make the mixture moist. If you use all the liquid and the pot is still dry, add water as necessary. Fold in the bacon and chourico and continue beating to lighten the mixture. Take a taste and season with salt and pepper if needed. Scoop the dressing into a bowl and sprinkle with the parsley.

Make the gravy (not traditional but knock yourself out if you’d like!)

Spoon off and discard the fat from the surface of the juices in the roasting pan. Place the pan over 2 burners and add enough homemade chicken stock or store-bought low-sodium broth to the juices in the pan to equal 3 cups. Bring the liquid to a boil over medium-high heat, scraping the bottom to loosen any browned bits.

In a small bowl, blend together the butter and flour until a smooth paste forms. Whisking constantly, slowly add the paste to the liquid in the roasting pan and whisk until the gravy thickens and no floury taste remains, 5 to 10 minutes. Strain and season with salt and pepper to taste.

Serve the turkey and dressing(s)

When you’re ready to sit down to dinner, plate the turkey, scoop the dressings into decorative bowls, and take everything to the table pronto. Originally published November 17, 2012.

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Comments

  1. All these recipes sound wonderful! Being in a Portuguese family in Hawaii and my grandparents coming from Madeira, I wonder if the bread stuffings vary from each island or mainland Portugal. My Avo’s was day old bread with tons of parsley, green onions, liver, bacon and chicken stock but I don’t remember anymore than that other than salt and pepper and no hot stuff or tomato anything. If anyone remembers this bread stuffing and has this recipe, I would be so happy if you would share it with me. A very Happy Thanksgiving to all of my people!

    Mo Hoyal

    1. Hi Mo, here’s the recipe that my family uses: 1 yellow onion, 1 green onion, olive oil, garlic cloves, chicken/turkey gizzards, 1 bag of Pepperidge Farm herb seasoning bread, 1 lb ground turkey, 1 lb ground pork (you can use ground beef but it gets too dark), 1 pound Jimmy Dean sausage, salt, black pepper, fresh parsley leaves, beef broth and you can use the water from when you boil the gizzards. I follow the instructions David mentions above using my family ingredients. I do love the bread and wine idea from Sofia above, I may try it one day. This is very similar to David’s recipe but we don’t use any tomato sauce. I may also try it with the bacon, sounds delicious. In the meantime, I’m using my family’s recipe. I celebrate it with my husband’s family, and they are 3rd generation French/Portuguese so they do have their french stuffing but I usually cook my chouriço stuffing and bring a side dish as I can’t celebrate Thanksgiving without it….. HAPPY THANKSGIVING!

      1. Thanks so much for the recipe, Rosa! I truly appreciate your taking the time to type this out and send it in! I do know the bacon really adds to the flavor.

        Mo

      2. Sounds lovely, Rosa. It’s so interesting to see the differences and similarities between our families’ dressings (nee stuffings). And I agree with you: It just just ain’t Thanksgiving without Portuguese stuffing.

        Happy Turkey to you all.

    2. Mo, your grandmother’s version sounds wonderful. But there was no sausage in there? Or pork? Was the liver from the turkey? What color was the dressing? All this might help people narrow down the possibilities. And Happy Thanksgiving to you, too!

      1. There was definitely turkey or chicken livers in this stuffing and I do remember lots of parsley and green onions, bacon, probably garlic too, with broth and crusty bread, but beyond me this recipe was lost and I deeply regret it. The color was a whitish-grayish, with lots of green minced stuff and my God was this delicious! I do not remember any hot pepper or sausage but I was little also. It didn’t appear to have tomato paste either. Actually the color wasn’t so hot looking for appetizing but the taste was to die for. I am sure these stuffings vary by families and locales.

        Many years later I heard from an Auntie in California as she had found a book that stated a lot of people migrated from Israel to settle in the islands-Madeira and San Miguel, and beyond, to get away from religious/racial persecution, and adopted the language, religion and customs of the Portuguese. I do hear about using Kosher salt and brining a lot and that makes me wonder. It would would be a great thing if we could find out the truth behind this. Whatever!!! I still feel like I am Portuguese! I have the almond eyes and also the olive complexion!!!

  2. Hi David,

    Thanks for bringing back such great memories of our childhood holidays. I totally agree with you on how my mother would have reacted to your telling her that her French stuffing was not all that French! She would give you hell, most likely a slap to the head and then a hug.

    1. Everyone, this is my kid cousin Wayne. He was usually the one who broke immediate family rank and reached for another aunt’s food.

      And, Wayne, what I wouldn’t give to sit down with your mom–and all of the family–just one more time.

  3. Being the first generation here in the States, I fully learned to embrace the Thanksgiving tradition first by using my mother-in-law’s recipes, then by researching the true first Thanksgiving meal (where it seemed there were no turkeys; yes I went all the way to Plymouth, MA and learnt all about it). Then I finally decided to start adding my Portuguese touch to the dressing, which oddly enough is quite a bit different (learnt it from my GrandMother), where we would use three-day old peasant bread broken into pieces and soaked in 50/50 red and port wine then adding the traditional Portuguese tastes (onion, garlic, olive oil, gizzards and liver, presunto, chouriço, cilantro, parsley and piri-piri). Funny how through all generations, wether you are a 2nd, 3rd or 1st generations, some things always stay with you no matter where life takes you! Loved this piece David as all others, just thankful I read it first thing in the morning rather than after a few wine glasses at night. I would have had trouble following you, but that is the charm of your writing!

    1. I love how different your dressing is from ours. Tell me, is the dressing based upon anything in Portugal? My grandmother’s dressing is similar to some migas I had while traveling through the Alentejo.

      1. David, I have absolutely no idea as my Grandmother was known to create her own recipes. It certainly had a Portuguese flair to it, but nothing close to what I ate at other peoples’ homes. Thankfully she wrote down everything she would make hence the reason I have all of her recipes to keep some of her traditions. I can tell you though, it seemed she loved incorporating booze to just about everything she created!

  4. Dear God, what’s next, apologizing whenever the words “woman” and “kitchen” are in the same sentence? I am a woman and I think that no matter what I do, sweeping the floors or making million dollar deals, culturally it is my role to keep the family around the hearth. I find it more demeaning not being able to tell a broom from a ladle.

    1. Ha!! Well put, m’lady. And something I agree with wholeheartedly. It was more about how all the women and girls fluttered around while the men and boys simply sat there princely. Then after the meal, never a male would lift a finger to help clear or clean. It was off to the den to watch whatever game was on TV with hand firmly shoved into pants, calling out for a beer, which was delivered to them–opened.

  5. Holy cow, your Thanksgiving sounds like mine growing up. The difference was, both my grandmothers were French Canadian. One relished in her Frenchness and the other wanted to be totally “American.” They were roughly the same age but my maternal grandmother always called my other grandmother, “the old woman.”

    My “French” grandmother always made the sausage stuffing and my other grandmother made the bread stuffing. We’d sit at the table and both would glare waiting to see whose stuffing got taken first.

    I LOVED this post.

    1. Wow, it wasn’t just us, then! Sometimes you don’t realize that your experience is the farthest thing from unique until you hear from others. So, I’m dying to know: Which dressing did you dive for first?

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