Classic Hollandaise Sauce

Classic Hollandaise Sauce Recipe

Hollandaise sauce as we know it today is the modern descendant of an earlier sauce, believed to have been brought to France by the Huguenots. For me hollandaise sauce is the finest of all the warm butter sauces–delicious and subtle. Hollandaise sauce is wonderful served with poached fish, poached eggs, and poached vegetables.–Paul Gayler

LC Classic Hollandaise Sauce Note

“Most classic recipes for hollandaise sauce call for clarified butter,” explains Paul Gayler. “It’s not essential, but the sauce will be creamier and smoother than if you use just melted butter.” For those of you who’ve heard of this brunch-minded ingredient but aren’t exactly certain what it means or how to go about it, we’re cribbing this explanation (and admonition) from Gayler. “Gently melt some butter in a small pan. Skim the froth from the surface using a small ladle or spoon, then carefully tip what remains into a clean pan, leaving the milky sediment behind. Set aside until tepid and discard the sediment. Unsalted is better for clarifying than salted. What results can be heated to higher temperatures than ordinary butter, making it ideal for sautéing.” There you have it. Thanks, Paul.

Classic Hollandaise Sauce Recipe

  • Quick Glance
  • 15 M
  • 20 M
  • 8 to 10 servings


  • 2 tablespoons white wine vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons cold water
  • 1 teaspoon lightly crushed white peppercorns
  • 4 large egg yolks
  • 2 sticks unsalted butter, clarified (see LC Classic Hollandaise Sauce Note above) or melted
  • Juice of 1/2 lemon
  • Salt and freshly cracked black pepper
  • A pinch cayenne pepper


  • 1. Place the vinegar, water, and crushed peppercorns in a small, heavy-based saucepan and bring to a boil. Lower the heat and simmer until reduced by 1/3 of its volume, about 1 minute. Remove the pan from the heat and let it cool slightly.
  • 2. Strain the liquid into a heatproof bowl. Whisking constantly, add the egg yolks to the liquid and whisk until combined. Place the bowl over a pan of simmering water, being careful not to let the base of the bowl touch the water, and whisk until the mixture thickens and becomes creamy, smooth, and ribbon-like in texture, 5 to 6 minutes.
  • 3. Whisking constantly, slowly add the clarified butter in a thin stream and continue to whisk until the sauce becomes thick and glossy. Add the lemon juice and season with salt and black pepper and a little cayenne to taste.
  • 4. Serve the sauce immediately.

Hollandaise Sauce Variations

  • Maltaise (Blood Orange) Hollandaise Sauce
  • Replace the lemon juice in the basic hollandaise sauce with the grated zest and juice of 2 blood oranges. I love this sauce with asparagus.
  • Mousseline Hollandaise Sauce
  • Fold in a scant 1/4 cup lightly whipped cream just before serving. An ideal accompaniment for hot asparagus or poached fish.
  • Mustard Hollandaise Sauce
  • Add 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard to the finished hollandaise sauce. Wonderful served with grilled fish, vegetables and chicken.
  • Ginger Hollandaise Sauce
  • Peel and grate a 1-inch piece ginger and heat it with the butter when clarifying, then proceed as in the main recipe. I love this hollandaise sauce, as the ginger adds a lively kick. Ideal with fish or shellfish.
  • Caviar Hollandaise Sauce
  • This and the following sauce are for when you really want to impress. Add 2 tablespoons sevruga caviar to the finished sauce, and serve with poached fish.
  • Black Truffle Hollandaise Sauce
  • Add 1 tablespoon chopped fresh or canned black truffles to the finished hollandaise sauce. Fantastic with fish, vegetables such as asparagus or artichokes, and poached eggs.
  • Mixed Peppercorn Hollandaise Sauce
  • Add 1/2 teaspoon each lightly crushed green and pink peppercorns to the finished hollandaise sauce. Wonderful with fish, steaks, and duck and lamb cutlets.
  • Basil Hollandaise Sauce
  • Add a handful basil leaves to the finished hollandaise sauce. Lovely with fish, shellfish such as crab, and egg dishes.
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