Don’t overmix the dough when combining ingredients; this can result in a tough, chewy texture. Make sure the European butter and flour mixture is pliable but not melting; it should have the texture of cream cheese and should spread easily. If you forget about the dough in the freezer, let it sit at room temperature for a while until it can be rolled out easily. The laminating process will help strengthen your dough. For the best flavor, let the buns rise overnight in the refrigerator.—Sarah Kieffer

Morning Buns FAQs

What else can I add to these morning buns?

How about a version that makes these into mini-panettones? Add 1 tablespoon of lemon zest to the filling, along with 1 cup [170 g] of mixed dried and/or candied fruit: cranberries, candied orange peels, golden raisins, dried pineapple, dried apricots, and dried cherries are all good options.

How do I let these buns rise overnight?

Prepare the buns (roll the dough, fill them, roll them up, cut them, and place them in the prepared pan), but don’t let them rise for 2 hours as stated in the main recipe. Instead, cover them loosely with plastic and refrigerate for at least 8 hours and up to 18 hours. When ready to bake, preheat the oven and let the buns sit at room temperature (still covered in plastic wrap) until puffy, 1 1/2 to 2 hours. Bake as directed.

Morning buns on small white plates, on a table with a coffee pot, a cream pitcher, and a coffee cup.

Morning Buns

4.79 / 19 votes
These buns are (of course) inspired by the famous morning buns created at Tartine. On my only visit to San Francisco, I was able to try one of these perfect buns—orange and cinnamon and sugar and butter all wrapped up in a flaky dough. The orange and cinnamon scents that waft from the oven as they bake will fill your whole home with cheer.
David Leite
Servings12 buns
Calories631 kcal
Prep Time50 minutes
Cook Time30 minutes
Total Time6 hours 30 minutes


For the croissant dough

  • 3 sticks (12 ounces) unsalted butter, plus more for the bowl, at room temperature
  • 1 1/2 cups warm water (100°F to 110°F or 35°C to 45°C)
  • 4 teaspoons active dry yeast
  • 4 cups plus 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour, divided, plus more for dusting
  • 1/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
  • 2 teaspoons table salt
  • 2 tablespoons (1 oz) unsalted butter, melted

For the morning buns

  • 1 cup granulated sugar, plus more for coating the muffin pan
  • 2 tablespoons orange zest, preferably organic
  • 1 tablespoon ground cinnamon
  • Pinch salt
  • All-purpose flour, for dusting
  • 3 tablespoons (1 1/2 ounces) unsalted butter, melted, plus more for greasing the muffin pan and spatula


Make the croissant dough

  • Butter a large bowl. In a small bowl or liquid measuring cup, stir together the water and yeast and let sit until dissolved, about 5 minutes.
  • In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the hook, mix together 4 cups (568 g) of the flour, sugar, and salt. Start the mixer on low speed and add the water yeast mixture, followed by the melted butter.
  • Continue to mix until all the ingredients are combined, 3 to 4 minutes. The dough will be rough and bumpy but should be in one piece. Move the dough to the large, greased bowl and cover with plastic wrap. Let the dough rise at room temperature until doubled in size, 1 1/2 to 2 hours.
  • Gently press down on the dough, releasing as much gas as possible. Place the dough on a large piece of plastic wrap and shape it into a 10-by-12 inch (25-by-30.5 cm) rectangle. Cover the dough with more plastic wrap, place it on a sheet pan, and move it to the refrigerator for at least 2 hours and up to overnight.
  • In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a paddle, beat the 3 sticks of butter and the remaining 1 tablespoon of flour together until creamy and combined, 2 to 3 minutes.
  • Remove the dough from the refrigerator, unwrap it from the plastic, and place it on a lightly floured work surface. Roll the dough into a 12-by-20 inch (30.5-by-50 cm) rectangle. Spread the butter-flour mixture evenly over the entire rectangle, leaving a 1/2 in (12 mm) border around the rectangle.
  • Make the first turn, or letter fold: Starting with a short side facing you, fold one-third of the dough onto itself, making sure the edges are lined up with each other. Then fold the remaining one-third of the dough on top of the side that has already been folded. Rotate the dough so the seam is facing to the right and one open end is facing you. Gently roll the dough into a 10-by-18 inch (25-by-46 cm) rectangle. (Each time you roll, the rectangle will get a bit smaller.)
  • Repeat the letter fold. Sprinkle flour on a sheet pan or plate, place the dough on it, and freeze the dough for 6 minutes—set a timer so you don’t forget (this helps cool the dough slightly and makes the last turn less messy).
  • Remove the dough from the freezer and repeat the letter fold again, making sure the seam is facing to the right. Roll the dough again into a rectangle, about 8-by-16 inches (20-by-40.5 cm). Repeat the steps for one letter fold. Gently compress the dough with the rolling pin.
  • If using the dough immediately, place it in the freezer for 6 minutes to chill, then proceed with the recipe. Otherwise, wrap the dough in plastic wrap, place it in a freezer-safe bag, and freeze for up to 2 weeks. The dough can be removed from the freezer the night before using and placed in the refrigerator to thaw.

Make the morning buns

  • Generously butter the insides and top of a twelve-cup standard muffin pan and coat each muffin cup well with granulated sugar, tapping out any excess.
  • In a small bowl, mix together 1/2 cup (100 g) of the sugar, the orange zest, cinnamon, and salt.
  • Generously flour your work surface and roll out the croissant dough into a 10-by-24 inch (25-by-60 cm) rectangle. Brush the dough with the melted butter, then sprinkle the sugar mixture evenly over the dough, gently pressing it into the butter to adhere.
  • Starting at a long side, roll up the dough into a tight cylinder and position the dough seam-side down. Cut the dough into twelve equal pieces, each measuring about 2 inches (5 cm) wide.
  • Place the pieces in the prepared muffin pan and place them cut-side down. Cover the pan loosely with plastic wrap and let the dough rise until doubled in size and puffy (it should act similarly to a marshmallow when pressed), 2 to 2 1/2 hours.
  • Preheat the oven to 400ºF (200ºC).
  • Remove the plastic wrap and gently press down on the top of each bun with a lightly greased spatula. Place a sheet pan on a lower oven rack (this will help catch any drips); do not place the sheet pan directly under the muffin pan on the same rack or it will interfere with baking. Bake the buns for 15 minutes, then carefully press down on the tops of the buns again with a spatula. Rotate the pan and continue baking until the buns are golden brown, about 20 minutes more.
  • While the buns are baking, fill a pie plate or bowl with the remaining 1/2 cup (100 g) of granulated sugar. Remove the pan from the oven and immediately flip the hot buns onto a sheet pan lined with parchment paper. Using tongs, pick up one bun at a time and evenly coat it in the bowl of sugar. Repeat with the remaining buns, placing them on a wire rack to cool. Morning buns are best eaten the same day they are made.
Baking for the Holidays Cookbook

Adapted From

Baking for the Holidays

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Serving: 1 servingCalories: 631 kcalCarbohydrates: 83 gProtein: 10 gFat: 29 gSaturated Fat: 18 gMonounsaturated Fat: 7 gTrans Fat: 1 gCholesterol: 74 mgSodium: 397 mgFiber: 4 gSugar: 21 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2021 Sarah Kieffer. Photo © 2021 Sarah Kieffer. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

Morning buns, midday buns, dinner buns, dessert buns, can’t sleep in the middle of the night buns, mend a broken heart buns…whatever, these are anytime buns.

However, these aren’t the buns that you can whip up on a whim. Get into these buns on a day where you’re hanging out at home, tinkering around the house with the ability to take breaks here and there to work some dough. This is not a labor-intensive recipe, just one that takes some steps and some time to evolve into those buttery layers of sticky merriment. But that moment in the end where you flip the hot bun babies out, roll them in sugar, and take your first bite makes time stand still, it will all be worth it. They are gooey on the inside and flakey throughout. It’s like eating a hug.

My only note for, not necessarily improvement but a variation, would be to omit the orange zest if you have some citrus haters in your house. The buns would still be perfection without it. Or maybe play with some softened chocolate hazelnut spread in the buttery spread of your croissant dough, I didn’t test that but I want to.

Also, they reheat really well. Leave them out after baking, cover when cooled, then just reheat in the microwave for 20 to 30 seconds to get that just-baked feeling all over again. And my last thought, if you happen to have some leftovers several days after baking, I’d chop them up, douse with almond milk, and bake them off for a delightful bread pudding type dish…with any add-ins of your choice!

These morning buns would not be out of place in my favorite local cafe or bakery. They were so delicious and my partner and I were extolling their merits for days after I made them. Crispy and flaky on the top with a nice soft, yet caramelized bottom section, these pastries were just delightful.

I have never made any type of croissant dough, but I found this overall to be much less intimidating than I thought it would be. I made the dough about a week before I made the buns and just froze it, thawing it the night before I wanted to make the actual recipe. This was a surprisingly easy, though time-consuming recipe. Still, I think that I will make these again when guests come to town so that we can all marvel at their orange-scented cinnamon sugar goodness. We reheated these on the second day at 375°F for about 8 minutes—the tops re-crisped and everything warmed through—delicious.

This is a monster recipe. However, working the recipe to reach the freezing stage could help make it palatable for a special occasion or weekend guests. The texture was flaky and croissant-like, with a hint of orange at the base of the muffin. Sprinkled with caster sugar at the end of baking, this bun was just right for a brunch or a special holiday breakfast.

The first 15 minutes bake yielded a gorgeous brown color. Big beautiful, puffy buns. Because of the height of the dough, I suspected that the centers would need more time. An additional 8 minutes after rotating the pan produced a gooey, but cooked center, and a more browned top.

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. These are divine – tender interior, crispy tops, lovely orange and cinnamon flavor. However, my oven may run hot as I had to take the buns out after only 12 minutes on the second round of baking after pressing them down. As a result, the bigger ones were a bit underbaked but I was afraid the tops would burn if I left them in. Should I reduce the heat to 375 or just trust the process and leave them in for the full 20 minutes? This was a “test” batch and I will definitely make them again!

    1. Those look gorgeous, Judy! If you know that your oven runs hot, then you can reduce the temperature, or use an oven thermometer to get an accurate reading. The other thing you can do is tent the buns with foil during the final bake. This should help to prevent them from burning.

  2. Curious – what’s the changes? how are these adapted from Sarah Keiffers recipe – it looks verbatim to hers – including the intro!

    1. Jaimee, you have an eagle eye. The “adapted from” is part of my site’s template. In many cases, we have to make significant changes based on what our testers experience in their kitchens. But Sarah is such a great baker and recipe writer that little if anything, was changed.