There are conflicting stories about the origins of the word “panettone.” My favorite is the legend that it comes from the Milanese phrase “pan del ton,” which in English literally translates to “cake of luxury.” This makes a lot of sense when you take a look at the ingredients of this traditional Italian Christmas cake given that the dough is egg enriched and ample butter and gilded with toasted pistachios, dried fruit, citrus zest, a splash of rum…yep, luxury.

And if you love this panettone recipe, try your hand at this German Christmas bread. You won’t be disappointed.–David Leite

Why Our Testers Loved This

Our testers loved that this recipe is “straightforward and easy to follow” and are describing the finished panettone bread as “moist and very flavorful.”

They highly recommend giving it as a lovely gift or a special treat to have during the holidays.

What You’ll Need to Make This

  • Raw nuts–Use your favorite nuts here, such as almonds or pistachios. Our testers especially liked using pistachios.
  • Candied citrus–This is optional, and you can leave it out if you’re not a fan. There’ll still be plenty of citrus flavor from the lemon and orange zest. If you do include it, you can purchase it from supermarkets, order it online, or make your own candied citrus peel.
  • Dried fruit–Use your favorite dried fruit here, or something that pairs well with the nuts you are using. Cranberry and pistachio work well together, as do apricot and almond.

How to Make This Recipe

  1. Make the starter. Stir together the milk, yeast, flour, and sugar. Cover and let rest at room temperature until slightly bubbly.
  2. Toast the nuts. Heat the oven to 350°F. Place the nuts on a baking sheet, spray with water, and sprinkle with a little salt. Toast until lightly golden, then let them cool before coarsely chopping them.
  3. Combine the flour, citrus zest, candied citrus, fruits, nuts, rum, and vanilla. In a mixer on medium speed, beat the butter and sugar until fluffy, then add the eggs and egg yolks. Reduce the mixer speed to low, then beat in the flour mixture, followed by the starter.
  4. Knead the dough until smooth. Place it in an oiled bowl, cover, and let rise until doubled.
  5. Divide the dough into 2 or 4 pieces, depending on the size of panettone you’re making, and let rest for 10 minutes. Butter your panettone molds and place the dough into each mold.
  6. Brush the top of each panettone with beaten egg white. Cover and let rise until almost doubled.
  7. Heat the oven to 400°F.
  8. Place the panettone in the oven and reduce the heat to 350°F. Bake until a skewer inserted into the center of each loaf comes out clean.
  9. Cool the bread in their molds for 15 minutes. Unmold and cool completely on a wire rack.

Recipe FAQs

What is panettone?

It’s an Italian sweet bread that comes from Milan. It’s typically filled with dried fruit and nuts, candied citrus, and citrus zest, and is usually enjoyed during Christmas and New Year celebrations.

How do you serve panettone?

There are plenty of ways to enjoy this bread (some call it a cake). You can schmear slices with butter, or top them with a dollop of citrus marmalade. Alternatively, try spreading mascarpone cheese over a slice and sprinkling it with cinnamon sugar.

Leftover panettone also makes a wicked excellent French toast or bread pudding.

How can you tell when panettone is done?

The size of your panettone will dictate how long they take to bake. When a wooden skewer inserted into the center of the loaves comes out clean, they’re ready. If you prefer to use internal temperature as a guide, aim for somewhere between 190° and 195°F.

Helpful Tips

  • Panettone will keep, tightly wrapped in plastic, for up to 1 week at room temperature, or can be frozen for up to 6 months.
  • Before baking, make sure you don’t have any dried fruit sticking out of the dough, as they may burn during baking. If you do, gently push them into the dough.
  • If your panettone is browning too quickly while baking, cover it loosely with aluminum foil.

More great Christmas bread recipes

☞ If you make this recipe, or anydish on LC, consider leaving a review, a star rating, and your best photo in the comments below. I love hearing from you.–David

A panettone studded with dried fruit on a silver platter with a couple of wedges cut from it.


4.80 / 5 votes
This panettone, a traditional Italian Christmas cake, is made with plenty of butter and dried fruits and nuts and is as flavorful as it is foolproof. It can also be customized given your fancy. Bake a couple large loaves in coffee cans or more smaller loaves in paper molds.
David Leite
Servings16 servings
Calories417 kcal
Prep Time1 hour 30 minutes
Cook Time1 hour
Total Time5 hours


  • Two coffee cans or 6-inch paper panettone baking molds OR four 4- to 5-inch paper panettone baking molds (price tags removed)


For the starter

  • 1 cup whole milk, warmed
  • 2 1/2 tablespoons active dry yeast
  • 1 3/4 cups unbleached all purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon granulated sugar

For the panettone

  • 1 cup raw nuts, such as shelled pistachios, chopped
  • 1 teaspoon salt, plus a few pinches
  • 4 1/2 cups unbleached all purpose flour, plus more for kneading and shaping the dough
  • 1 tablespoon freshly grated lemon zest, preferably organic
  • 1 tablespoon freshly grated orange zest, preferably organic
  • 1/2 cup candied orange and lemon rind, optional
  • 1 cup chopped dried fruit, such as cranberries
  • 2 tablespoons dark rum
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 2 sticks unsalted butter, softened, plus more for the pans or molds
  • 1 cup granulated sugar
  • 4 large eggs
  • 2 large egg yolks, (whites reserved for glaze)
  • Mild vegetable oil, for the bowl


Make the starter

  • In a small glass bowl, combine the warm milk, yeast, flour, and sugar and stir to blend. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and let rest until slightly bubbly, about 30 minutes.

Make the panettone

  • Preheat the oven to 350°F (178°C).
  • Place the nuts on a rimmed baking sheet and spray them with water, sprinkle with a pinch or two of salt, and toast for 8 to 10 minutes. Transfer the nuts to a cutting board to cool and then coarsely chop them.
  • In a bowl, combine the 1 teaspoon salt, the flour, lemon and orange zests, candied orange and lemon peel, if using, fruit, nuts, rum, and vanilla.
  • In the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, beat the butter and sugar on medium speed for 2 minutes or until fluffy. Add the eggs and yolks and beat well.
  • Reduce the speed to low and add the flour mixture, mixing just until combined. Gradually add the starter and continue to beat on low speed until all the ingredients are incorporated. The dough should not be sticky or too firm. It should look buttery and a little ragged.
  • Turn the dough onto a lightly floured work surface and knead for 1 to 2 minutes, pushing the dough away from you with the heels of your hands and then folding it back over on itself. The dough will be smooth and satiny.
  • Transfer the dough to an oiled bowl, cover, and let rise in a warm place until doubled in size, at least 2 hours.
  • Gently turn the dough onto a work surface and divide it into 4 equal pieces if making smaller loaves or into 2 pieces if making larger loaves. Carefully handle the dough so as to keep as much air in it as possible. Let the pieces rest, covered with a clean towel, for 10 minutes.
  • To make smaller panettone, butter four 1-pound coffee cans or butter 4- to 5-inch-wide deep parchment paper molds (available online and at baking stores).
    To make larger panettone, butter two 2-pound coffee cans.
  • Shape each portion of dough into a smooth ball and place it in a mold. Each mold should be about half full.
  • Beat the reserved egg whites and use the to brush the tops of the loaves. Cover and let the loaves rise until just slightly less than doubled, up to 1 hour.
  • Preheat the oven to 400°F (200°C). Adjust the oven rack to the middle position.
  • Uncover the panettone, place them in the oven, and reduce the heat to 350°F (175°C). Bake for 30 to 35 minutes is using smaller molds and up to 45 minutes for larger molds. The exact baking time will vary depending on the exact size of your cans or molds. The bread is done when a wooden skewer inserted into the center of the loaf comes out clean (between 190° and 195°F [87°C to 90°C] on an instant-read thermometer).
  • Cool the panettone in the molds for 15 minutes and then carefully remove the loaves from the molds or cans and place them on wire racks to cool completely.


  1. Storage–Panettone will keep, tightly wrapped in plastic, for up to 1 week at room temperature, or can be frozen for up to 6 months.
  2. Check before baking–Before baking, make sure you don’t have any dried fruit sticking out of the dough, as they may burn during baking. If you do, gently push them into the dough.
  3. Baking–If your panettone is browning too quickly while baking, cover it loosely with aluminum foil.
Baking from the Heart by Michael J. Rosen

Adapted From

Baking from the Heart

Buy On Amazon


Serving: 1 sliceCalories: 417 kcalCarbohydrates: 55 gProtein: 9 gFat: 18 gSaturated Fat: 9 gMonounsaturated Fat: 6 gTrans Fat: 1 gCholesterol: 101 mgSodium: 174 mgFiber: 3 gSugar: 15 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2004 Suzanne Dunaway. Photo © 2004 Anna Q. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

I’ve made different versions and sizes of panettone over the years and this is a recipe I will definitely repeat.

I forgot to buy an orange so I had to omit the orange zest but I did use lemon zest. I also used 1/4 cup of candied lemon rind. I found the dough to be quite easy to work with. As described it was not too sticky nor firm and kneading it was not complicated.

From the dough I made 4 small panettone. In lieu of coffee cans I used 5-inch panettone paper molds. I let the dough rise for an hour in the molds, then brushed with the egg whites. I placed all 4 on a single baking sheet.

They took exactly 30 minutes to bake. I tested with a wooden skewer, which came out clean. The tops of the panettone were a nice golden brown color. The kitchen smelled amazing.

I let them cool overnight then tried a piece in the morning. I think the cranberry and pistachio pairing is excellent. The pistachio especially gives it a nice nuttiness that is not overpowering. I like the sweet and salty combo from using salted pistachios.

I’m planning to make this again and give these as Christmas gifts. Thanks for the recipe!

Let me start by saying that through no fault of this recipe, I totally overbaked my panettone. Note to reader: Do NOT clean out your pantry while baking a delicate delicious Italian dessert bread!

That said, even overbaked, this was a lovely bread. The flavors were gorgeous! I love love love cranberries and pistachios. I leaped at the chance to bake this.

This is definitely not a quick kind of “throw together” recipe. But with careful planning, this is a fantastic gift for someone you love or a treat to have in the house. I will absolutely make this again while monitoring it significantly more closely.

I made my own candied orange and lemon peel. The panettone didn’t rise quite as much as I had hoped. But admittedly my house is very cold and I probably could have let it proof a whole extra hour prior to popping it in the oven. But I let my impatience get the best of me.

Describing the initial mixture as buttery and ragged is spot on. The dough was satiny at about 3 minutes of kneading. It took just over 4 hours to double. I used two 6.25-inch panettone springform pans.

It took two hours to rise and probably could have used another hour. After 45 minutes, it was still completely raw inside so I added a half hour which was TOO much! I probably needed 15 to 20 minutes more.

As far as servings, I would say a single loaf is about 16 servings.

This is lovely! I grew up with a similar version of homemade panettone but had never made it myself. I eagerly jumped on this. This recipe is so straightforward and easy to follow it seems almost foolproof.

The end result is a dense, moist and very flavorful bread. We ate it the way I always have; in the morning, slightly toasted, with butter.

I would, however, recommend making sure you read through it first to ensure you have enough time to complete it (4 to 5 hours) because at several points you’re going to have to let it sit and rise. I have a vague recollection of my grandparents waking up in the middle of the night to tend to this process and now I understand why. You won’t need to do that, though, if you start early enough!

A few notes: I couldn’t find candied lemon/orange rind, but I did find a candied papaya which I chopped and used in a similar fashion. This lent it self to the slight bitterness that is needed.

I also couldn’t find the right sized cans for baking, but I did find some vintage coffee cans on the cheap (short and squat and about 6 inches across) and lined them with parchment instead of greasing with butter. I left the parchment go well above the top of the cans and this helped keep the dough rising straight upwards while it was baking. Using this method, I made 3 equal-sized loaves. They were done at 30 minutes.

I will definitely make this again!

This is a delicious and delicately flavored panettone. Not too sweet and with bright but naturally colored citrus, cranberry, and nuts, it’s pretty and makes a lovely gift (but be sure to reserve plenty for yourself).

I used buttered paper panettone forms and made 4 loaves. It was easy to pull together, though I was a little concerned about my mixer, and finished the last bit of mixing the stiff dough by hand, and then kneading. It is a reminder of how lovely enriched doughs are to work with as they develop (although this was my first panettone).

The result is worth using really good ingredients (I ordered fresh batches of candied lemon and orange, made sure my dry cranberries were a fresh batch, etc.). The whole recipe can happen in one day and most of the time is for the rise. The panettone turned out so well I am plotting my next batch and play with different size molds.

The panettone seems to actually be even better on subsequent days when kept tightly wrapped. I wanted the opinions of some folks who were much more familiar with panettone than I was, and they thought it was delicious, perhaps a little denser that the ones their families had but delicious plain as well as buttered and toasted. If I make another one and the weather is super cold, I will try to be even more patient to get the taller rise I had hoped for.

The one direction that did NOT make sense was to include the rum and vanilla with all the dry ingredients. Towards the end of mixing I felt it was stressing the mixer. Perhaps in hindsight, switching to a dough hook would have been better, but I removed it and finished the mixing by hand in a large, shallow bowl, and then finished kneading it on a large board.

Initial rise was just over 2 hours. In cold weather, my kitchen is a bit cool, and my rise was not as dramatic in the end as I hoped after the shaping and 2nd rise, but within reason as called for in the recipe. After 80 minutes (again, cool kitchen), they were well over 1 1/2 times the original size and not quite doubled.

I used 4 small panettone baking papers, about 5 1/4 inches in diameter and 3 1/2 inches deep. Placed on a large sheet pan, all 4 baked at once. At 20 minutes, there was definitely browning, so I tented with light foil for the remainder. Given the wide aspect ratio of my molds, the baking time seemed to be closer to 40 to 45 minutes.

Yeast bread recipes always cause a stir, little twinges of trepidation, as they summon back memories of past yeast failures: whole-wheat sticky bun doorstoppers, fallen challah. This recipe gives me hope. Altogether this was an easy recipe that produced a lightly sweet yeast bread ideal for accompanying morning coffee or afternoon tea. Or butter, anytime.

I opted out of the candied citrus peels because I’ve never been a candied peel fan. In terms of sweetness and personal taste, it was a good decision. The freshly grated lemon and orange zests came through beautifully, which surprised me, given they were only a couple tablespoons’ worth!

The panettone dough process was smooth. A paddle attachment would have made the incorporation of the starter a smoother process. Kneading was a breeze, and its stated timing was accurate as the dough took 1 1/2 hours to double.

I buttered 2 paper molds from Sur La Table and split my dough into two balls that filled their molds halfway, and they doubled in size within 1 hour.

The loaves, which I tented after 30 to 35 minutes, took closer to an hour for a tester to come out clean. I still probably should have removed them at 45 to 50 minutes since they’d keep cooking for a bit anyway.

The loaves were beautiful, the paper molds were easy to remove, and the yield per loaf was about 10 servings, depending on your mood! The pistachios and dried cranberries were simple, lovely, and unexpected embellishments, bringing new flavors and textures to a very traditional holiday sweet.

I would definitely bake this again, but would like to create smaller panettone for sharing with friends and family. The large loaves were very substantial!

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    I made this on the fly yesterday and It was delicious. Though the dough was a little too thin, there was nothing that a little flour couldn’t fix. I left out the pistachios and it was lip-smacking! I would recommend this to anyone!