Pain d’Épi

Pain d’épi is essentially a baguette in the shape of a wheat shaft. It’s a charming French tradition dating back centuries and it’s surprisingly easy to make at home. Same terrific flavor as the classic. Different shape.

A cooked pain d'epi on a piece of parchment paper.

Pain d’épi is the bread that I’ve been coveting and admiring from afar since I began baking in 1995. I’d always wanted to make it myself, but, well, let’s just say bread and I didn’t play well together back then. Not until I was introduced to this approach from Zoë and Jeff. I gotta tell you, ever since I started making their bread, I’ve knocked out loaf after gorgeous loaf that unfailingly boasts a beautiful texture and incredible flavor. Still, I wasn’t quite sure if I could pull off pain d’épi.

Just between you, me, and the wall, my first two attempts left me with loaves that looked like a Jeff Koons balloon sculpture. So I called Zoë and, being the kind soul she is, she told me that I wasn’t holding the scissors at a shallow enough angle and that I wasn’t snipping far enough into the dough. So with the next loaf, I held the scissors practically parallel to the counter and snipped almost to the very bottom of the pain d’épi. That did the trick. I was left with a marvelously pointed, deeply browned loaf that is, I’m certain, the envy of even les français.David Leite

Pain d’Épi | Wheat Sheaf Bread

  • Quick Glance
  • (1)
  • 15 M
  • 2 H, 15 M
  • Makes about seven 1/2-pound loaves
5/5 - 1 reviews
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Special Equipment: Pizza peel (or a baking sheet turned upside down); baking stone


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Mix and store the dough
Mix the yeast and salt with the water in a 5-quart bowl or a lidded (not airtight) food container.
Mix in the flour, using a spoon or a heavy-duty stand mixer with the paddle attachment. (If you’re not using a machine, you may need to use your hands—run them under cold water to dampen them first so they don’t stick to the dough—to get the last bit of flour to incorporate into the dough.)
Partially cover the bowl or container (make sure it’s not sealed airtight) and let it rest at room temperature for 2 hours. The dough will rise during this time.
Refrigerate the dough in a lidded (not airtight) container for up to 14 days. (The dough can be used immediately after the initial rise and before it’s refrigerated, although take it from me—the dough’s a lot easier to handle when it’s cold. I like to refrigerate it at least overnight before shaping and baking it.)
Shape and bake the pain d’épi
On baking day, dust the surface of the dough with flour and cut off a 1/2-pound piece—that’s about the size of a peach. Dust the piece with more flour and quickly shape it into a ball by stretching the surface of the dough around to the bottom, rotating the ball a quarter turn as you go. Gradually elongate the mass. With the palms of your hands, gently roll it into the shape of a baguette, tapering the ends to points. Return the rest of the dough to the refrigerator for another day.
Let the dough rest and rise on a pizza peel covered with parchment paper for 40 minutes.
Preheat the oven to 450°F, with a baking stone placed on the middle rack. Place an empty metal broiler tray on any other shelf that won’t interfere with the rising bread. Just before baking, dust the loaf with flour. With a sharp pair of kitchen scissors, cut into the dough crosswise near the top of the baguette shape, at a 25° angle to the dough, stopping a quarter inch from the bottom of the dough. Fold each cut piece over to the side, alternating sides with each cut. Repeat until the entire loaf is cut. Voila. You should see a pain d’épí before you.
Carefully slide the loaf directly onto the hot stone. Pour 1 cup hot tap water into the broiler tray and quickly close the oven door. Bake for about 25 minutes, or until the loaf is deeply browned and firm. Let the bread cool completely before breaking off the wheat-stalk shapes in chunks and sighing with contentment. Originally published February 27, 2014.

What You Need To Know About How Quickly You Can Make This Bread (Really!)

  • Yes, really. You can make bread in just 5 minutes. Well, 5 minutes of handling, that is. We haven’t figured out a way to shape and bake it in 5 minutes. Not yet. But if we do, you’ll be the first to know. Until then, you may wish to also try the artisan boule recipe from the same authors. Same authentic taste, even easier to shape.


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  1. Note for Canadians: Canadian all-purpose is higher in protein than American all-purpose, so just use the 6 1/2 cups of flour called for, you won’t need the 7. FYI for anyone interested the weight watcher points per loaf when made with 6 1/2 cups flour and 1/2 lb dough per loaf, is 11 pts per loaf. And it’s really good; just had a loaf come out of the oven; used dough cycle on bread machine to handle the dough.

  2. Use non-iodized salt, such as a finely ground sea salt. Iodine really hurts yeast activity. In fact, when you switch to non-iodized salt, you will probably find yourself needing to cut back on the yeast, which is a bonus — because the packaged, dried yeast is often quite pricey.

  3. So, I really do trust Zoe as a baker (and now David too!), but I’ve always been taught salt inhibits yeast development, and there’s an awful lot of salt added to the yeast right off the bat. What’s with that?

    1. Wendy, I was taught the same thing, but I have to tell you that I’ve made dozens and dozens of loaves that prove the contrary. For example, I needed to make some bread in a hurry this weekend. So I whip up a batch of their master boule recipe, let it rise for two hours, shaped two loaves, let those rise for 20 minutes or so. The result were two gorgeous loaves that were about 5 to 6 inches high. It wasn’t as complex-tasting as if I let it sit in the fridge for a week or two, but every loved it.

      1. Wendy, salt does inhibit yeast development, but that’s not a bad thing necessary. Without the salt, the yeast would develop or ferment too quickly. Salt is used in bread dough to control the growth of the yeast which in turns gives you better flavor, color, and volume. King Arthur Flour (my baking bible) has a terrifice write-up about the how and why of salt in bread baking.

    2. Hi Wendy, I learned the same thing in culinary school and have to admit that I was very reluctant to dump them together in the bucket when I first started baking with this method. But, as ATNell suggests, the salt and yeast can have a beneficial relationship that produces a lovely bread. I’ve never separated the two in my recipes since 2005 and I’ve baked thousands of beautiful loaves. Enjoy!

  4. Gorgeous – looks like it came from a french pain boulangerie. I could tear into it & make a major portion of it disappear with sweet butter smeared atop. I envy you your bread baking skills. I usually kill the yeast in the proofing process. I’ll try Zoe & Jeff’s method soon. Is this what you served with the cassoulet?

    1. Hey Dottie, when you come visit, I will show you how to make it. I served a version of their bread with the cassoulet, the simple basic boule. It was gone in no time.

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