Gnudi (pronounced “nudi”) are essentially the light and cloud-like kin to potato gnocchi. Although the denser potato cousin is perhaps more popular and more recognizable than its ethereally airy Italian cheese dumpling kin, we’re personally quite smitten with gnudi and their pillowy texture and subtle loveliness. Plus the name is just fun to say.–Angie Zoobkoff

“Oh yes! These are the spinach gnudi I have been looking for. When I was in Italy a few years ago I had them in Sienna with a red sauce and they were OK. They called them Malfetta. But when I had them in Milan with a cheese sauce and they were divine. I went back to that restaurant and had them again, just before I left. I’ve been looking for a recipe ever since and I think this is the one! Thank you so much!”–Mary L.

A rimmed baking sheet with 9 uncooked spinach and ricotta gnudi

Spinach and Ricotta Gnudi

5 / 2 votes
Spinach and ricotta gnudi are similar to gnocchi, but are made with cheese, giving them an ethereally airy texture, and outstanding flavor.
David Leite
Servings4 to 6 servings
Calories786 kcal
Prep Time30 minutes
Cook Time45 minutes
Total Time1 hour 15 minutes


For the gnudi

  • 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 garlic clove, peeled and halved
  • 1 1/2 pounds baby spinach or spinach leaves (if using mature spinach, remove the stalks, rinse, and pat it dry
  • 12 ounces ricotta (sheep or cow), well drained
  • 1/2 cup freshly grated Parmigiano Reggiano
  • 1 medium egg
  • 1 3/4 ounces 00 flour or all-purpose flour* (see NOTE below for gluten-free version), plus more for dusting
  • Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • Freshly grated nutmeg, to taste

For the sage butter

  • 1 bunch sage, leaves stripped from the stalks except for 2 to 3 sprigs
  • 1/4 cup grapeseed oil or other mild oil, for frying
  • 11 tablespoons salted butter
  • 1/4 cup freshly grated Parmigiano Reggiano


Make the gnudi

  • In a large skillet over medium heat, warm 1 tablespoon olive oil. Spear 1/2 the garlic clove with the tines of a fork. Place a strainer or colander over a large bowl. When the oil is warm, add half the spinach, cover the skillet with a lid or baking sheet, and cook, stirring every 30 seconds with the forked garlic, until completely wilted, 2 to 3 minutes. Tip the cooked spinach into the strainer or colander to drain.
  • Repeat with the rest of the spinach, using the remaining oil and the other 1/2 garlic clove and then adding it to the already cooked spinach. Let cool. Remove the excess water by either squeezing the spinach in your hands, wringing it in a clean kitchen towel, or pressing down on it with the back of a spatula or a spoon. If you’re not using baby spinach, roughly chop the spinach.
  • In a medium bowl, stir together the ricotta and spinach until well combined. Add the Parmigiano Reggiano, egg, and flour and stir until combined and then season with salt, pepper, and nutmeg to taste.
  • Line a rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper and generously dust with flour. Using 2 large spoons (soup spoons work well), take a heaping spoonful of the mixture (about 1 ounce | 30 g) and shape it into miniature egg-shaped dumplings or quenelles by passing it repeatedly between the spoons, turning and smoothing the sides as you do so. (Alternatively, you can use a spoon to scoop up some of the mixture and use floured fingers to gently form it into an oval.) Carefully place it on the floured parchment. You should end up with 20 to 30 gnudi. Dust the gnudi with a little flour, loosely cover with plastic wrap, and set aside in a cool place until ready to cook. (You can refrigerate the gnudi for up to 24 hours before cooking.)
  • When ready to cook the gnudi, bring a large saucepan of salted water to a boil. Add the gnudi to the water, reduce the heat, and gently simmer until they rise to the surface, which indicates that they’re cooked through, which should happen after 3 to 5 minutes. Using a slotted spoon, carefully lift out the gnudi, let them drain for a moment, and then gently place them back on the baking sheet.

Make the sage butter

  • In a skillet over medium heat, warm the grapeseed oil and fry the sage leaves in batches (6 to 8 at a time) for about 5 seconds. Use tongs or a fork to transfer the sage leaves to paper towels. Rest assured, the sage will crisp as it cools.
  • In a large skillet over medium heat, melt the butter along with the reserved sage sprigs. As soon as the butter begins to foam and take on a nutty brown color, add some of the gnudi to the skillet, making sure they’re not too crowded. Cook until the gnudi just start to crisp and brown, 1 to 2 minutes. Carefully turn them over and cook on the other side until just browned, 1 to 2 minutes more.

Serve the gnudi

  • Divide the gnudi among plates. Arrange the fried sage leaves around the gnudi and, if desired, drizzle with some of the sage butter remaining in the skillet. Sprinkle with Parmigiano Reggiano and serve immediately.


*Note How To Make Gluten-Free Spinach And Ricotta Gnudi

We made this gnudi using a gluten-free flour blend to magnificent effect, swapping an equal measure of gluten-free for 00 or all-purpose flour.
Cheese Cookbook

Adapted From


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Serving: 1 servingCalories: 786 kcalCarbohydrates: 20 gProtein: 24 gFat: 70 gSaturated Fat: 33 gMonounsaturated Fat: 20 gTrans Fat: 1 gCholesterol: 180 mgSodium: 770 mgFiber: 4 gSugar: 1 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2017 Michel Roux. Photo © 2017 Lisa Linder. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

Quote from my husband: “We have now discovered sage butter and it’s delicious.” He sopped up every last bit with his bread and swiped a bit off of my plate, too. These spinach and ricotta gnudi with sage butter were a date night dinner. We ate the gnudi as an entrée with a salad and crusty bread. They would also make an elegant and impressive appetizer for a multi-course dinner. The spinach was mild and nicely balanced with the ricotta and Parmesan cheeses. The sage butter was the perfect note to finish the whole dish.

I was a complete failure at using spoons to make the quenelles. I gave up and gently formed the gnudi into ovals with floured fingers after scooping up the mixture with a spoon.

I had made gnudi one other time and this experience was much better. The gnudi held together nicely during boiling, unlike during my previous attempt. One or two gnudi cracked through the middle as I set them onto the towel to drain.

I made a half recipe, mostly because the headnote stated that they needed to be eaten right away and there were only two of us for dinner. The leftovers were just fine briefly rewarmed in the microwave the next day.

I will say that the recipe is a bit time-consuming and I would recommend making the gnudi ahead of time, especially if you’re attempting to make them on a Friday after work. They would also be a great weekend cooking project.

This recipe is very tasty and we enjoyed it as a main course for dinner.

I had no issues forming the quenelles. I cooked some of the quenelles for 1 minute on each side and cooked others slightly longer until they turned a light brown. We liked the browned ones better. The thin crunch was delightful.

I not only put Parmesan on the gnudi when I put them on each plate, but I passed extra Parmesan so people could put more on if desired. And we did.

If someone were to make this recipe as a main course, note that I ate 6 and my eating partner ate 12.

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    This recipe is incredible!! I always let them sit in the fridge for a day to get a little more tough so they don’t fall apart. Can these be frozen??

    1. Kelly, so happy that you enjoyed them! Yes, these gnudi can be frozen. Freeze them on a parchment-lined cookie sheet until hard. Then store them in a zip-top bag.

  2. 5 stars
    Oh, YES! These are the spinach gnudi I have been looking for. When I was in Italy a few years ago I had them in Sienna with a red sauce and they were OK. They called them Malfetta. But when I had them in Milan with a cheese sauce they were devine. I went back to that restaurant and had them again, just before I left. I’ve been looking for a recipe ever since and I think this is the one! Thanks so much.