Stuffed sardines–sarde a beccafino–are a dish from Sicily that makes the most of finger-sized sardines by sandwiching them with a savory and sweet filling of raisins, pecorino cheese, pine nuts, and parsley. Little fishy sandwiches never tasted so good.
This classic Sicilian dish traditionally calls for rolling the sardines around the filling. I prefer my mom’s tactic, which sandwiches the filling between sardines. This means less fuss both in preparing and eating the dish, ensuring that the savory filling stays put rather than spills out.–Mary Ann Castronovo Fusco
LC You Say Sardines, We Say Sarde Note
This classic Sicilian sardine dish sorta sounds like something Tony Soprano would order at Artie’s restaurant, eh? The name just dances on the tongue. Sarde a Beccafico. Try it. It’s as easy peasy to say as it is to make. Truly. Not convinced? Take a twirl through author Mary Ann Castronovo Fusco’s article on sardines, which includes talk of cooking sardines. Then get back to us.
Stuffed Sardines ~ Sarde a Beccafico
- 4 fresh whole sardines gutted
- 1/4 cup fresh breadcrumbs
- 4 teaspoons plus 1 tablespoon olive oil
- 1/4 cup grated pecorino cheese
- 1 tablespoon grated onion
- 1 tablespoon minced flat-leaf parsley leaves
- 1 tablespoon raisins
- 1 tablespoon pignoli (pine nuts)
- Black pepper to taste
- 6 large bay leaves
- Preheat oven to 350° F (176°C). If your fishmonger has not already done so, cut off the head and fins from the fish, but do not remove the tail. Under running water, hold each sardine, belly-side up and slide your thumbs along the backbone so the fish opens up. Remove the backbone, snapping it off at the tail. Rinse to remove any broken bones and set aside to drain.
- Place breadcrumbs in a small frying pan over a low flame and toast, stirring continuously to prevent scorching. When lightly golden, add 4 teaspoons olive oil and stir until fully incorporated and golden brown. Transfer to a small bowl.
- Add the grated cheese, onion, parsley, raisins, and pignoli to the bread crumbs. Stir in remaining 1 tablespoon olive oil until well combined.
- Distribute bay leaves on the bottom of an 8 by 8 inch baking pan. Place 2 sardines, skin-side down, over the bay leaves. Top each with half of the bread crumb mixture. Sprinkle with pepper. Top each with one of the remaining sardines, skin side up, taking care to align the tail ends to create neat sardine “sandwiches.” Bake for about 15 minutes. Transfer each sardine “sandwich” to a plate. Serve hot or at room temperature.
Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.
Recipe Testers’ Reviews
This is absolutely a recipe for a sardine lover. I was expecting this recipe to be less fishy than grilling sardines the traditional way, and oddly enough, that was not the case. The stuffing was simply amazing, and I would go as far to say to try it with salmon, pork chops, and so on. Now if you shine away from fish as-is, make sure to ask your fish monger to deal with all the hard work of cleaning the sardines. That will certainly simplify the process. Also, make sure to get medium- to large-size sardines so that the filling will work perfectly. I used small- to medium-size ones and had lots of filling left over. I served the fish with simple white rice sautéed with olive oil, onions, and parsley, and it was a perfect combination. Another thought I had would be to roll the sardines with the stuffing and then use a toothpick to hold it together. It may look a bit nicer of a plate.
Originally published June 14, 2010
The recipe sounds great. Can you also do this on a grill (barbecue)?
We haven’t tried it on a grill, Julia, but it should work ok. If using a grill, you might find it easier to place a baking pan or skillet directly on the grill for cooking.
So glad to hear you enjoyed the stuffing, Sofia. It is a classic preparation from the province of Palermo. Your rice accompaniment sounds lovely. As for trying to roll the sardines, that certainly is an option. The beauty of Italian cooking is that it allows for artful interpretation. Buon appetito!