Every once in a while, a dish stops you in your tracks. For me, these shrimp toast (prawn toast to the rest of the world) is one of those dishes.

I remember the first time I had them: I was a junior in high school, and a bunch of us went to China Royal in Fall River after play rehearsal. It was the kind of place that served pu pu platters of fried food and drinks in tiki cups with pink umbrellas.

I felt beyond sophisticated.

The shrimp toast were a revelation. What was not to love? Shrimp, green onions, ginger, garlic, sesame seeds on bread. And they’re fried?! Sign me up. And for years after, I devour them in NYC.

Up here in the culinary cemetery that’s our corner of Connecticut, though, shrimp toasts are rarer than acid-washed mom jeans. So, after a lot of research and digging into the history and origins of the dish, I came up with this recipe. It’s simple and fast, and Lord knows if I can get all the ingredients at my local supermarket, you certainly can, too.

david caricature

Why Our Testers Loved This

The testers adored the crispy texture of this classic shrimp toast recipe and were very pleased that they were “easy to assemble, very tasty, and super crisp!”

Erin Steele found prawn toast had a “wonderfully crunchy texture thanks to the sesame seed crusts, and they weren’t oily at all.”

A Portuguese-Shrimp Toast Connection?

Being a proud Portuguese, I’m always looking for culinary connections between Portugal and foods from around the world.

The Portuguese were world explorers and established many of the trade routes to the East. The port city of Guangzhou, China, had a large community of Portuguese traders during the 16th and 17th centuries, where and when shrimp toast is thought to have originated.

Some food historians theorize that Chinese shrimp toast was created as a snack for Portuguese sailors in Guangzhou. Others speculate that the Chinese name for prawn toast finds its roots in the Portuguese name “camarão toastado,” which means “toasted shrimp.”

And I’ll toss my hat into the theory ring: Is the marvelous shrimp toast somehow related to humble rissóis de camarão–deep-fried turnovers filled with a shrimp paste?

Hmmmm. Food for thought.

What You’ll Need to Make This

Ingredients for shrimp toast--bread, oil, cornstarch, shrimp, ginger, garlic, sesame seeds, cilantro, scallions, egg, soy sauce, and sweet and sour sauce.
  • Shrimp–You can use fresh or frozen shrimp or prawns here, but be sure to purchase them raw. If using frozen seafood, thaw in the refrigerator and then drain and pat dry before using. The shrimp need to be peeled and deveined before using.
  • Scallions, ginger, and garlic–This trinity of ingredients screams Chinese cooking and adds an oniony flavor and spicy heat to the toast triangles.
  • Egg white–This helps to lighten the shrimp mixture as well as bind it.
  • White sandwich bread–This is the classic base for the shrimp paste. I like to pick the 4 slices in the middle of the loaf, where they’re the same size, rather than from the ends where the top slopes down.

How to Make This Recipe

Cilantro, scallions, garlic, and ginger in a food processor.
  1. Dump the scallions, cilantro, garlic, and ginger in a food processor.
  2. Blitz until everything is finely chopped.
Shrimp toast ingredients being mixed in a food processor.
  1. Add the shrimp, egg white, soy sauce, cornstarch, and Shaoxing wine, if using, to the food processor.
  2. Process until smooth.
Four slices of bread spread with shrimp paste, then topped with sesame seeds and cut into triangles.
  1. Spread the shrimp mixture over the bread slices, then cut into quarters.
  2. Spread the sesame seeds on a plate and press the top of the toast into the sesame seeds.
A pan of oil being heated and triangles of shrimp toast frying in the oil.
  1. Heat the oil in a skillet to 350°F.
  2. Fry the shrimp toast until golden.
Triangles of fried shrimp toast cooling on a wire rack.

Common Questions

What ARE the origin and history of shrimp toast?

It’s generally believed that the recipe for Chinese prawn toast originated in the city of Guangzhou (formerly Canton), China. Its popularity spread like wildfire throughout the world and has since become a staple in Hong Kong and American Chinese cuisine, although it’s now more often made with shrimp instead of prawns. You’ll find it on lots of Western Chinese takeout menus as well as in dim sum palaces.

Can i use another type of bread?

Certainly. This classic take on shrimp toast uses white sandwich bread, but feel free to experiment with wheat, sourdough, or brioche for variations in flavor and texture. The shrimp filling can also be customized with additions such as minced water chestnuts, carrots, or mushrooms for extra crunch and flavor.

Can I freeze Shrimp toast?

I don’t recommend freezing cooked shrimp toast. The bread will be soggy, and the shrimp mixture won’t retain its crispiness when thawed.

But…freezing uncooked shrimp toast is great. To freeze the toast, spread the triangles on a baking sheet and freeze until frozen. Drop them into a zip-top bag, squeeze out excess air, and freeze for up to 3 months.

When ready to cook, let the toast defrost overnight in the fridge. Pat the toast to remove any surface moisture, then fry away as below.

How can I serve ThesE?

Shrimp toast make great snacks but can double as an hors d’oeuvre at a cocktail party alongside pork meatballs, pot stickers, and Peking mushroom pancakes. If you’re serving them as part of a larger Asian-themed meal, they make a great appetizer before main dishes such as stir-fried beef in garlic sauce, kung pao chicken, or Asian Sticky Ribs.

Helpful Tips

  • For easier cleanup, soak or rinse your blender or mini-chop immediately after using. The mixture is very sticky and difficult to clean once it begins to dry.
  • To make these ahead of time, prepare the shrimp toast recipe through step 5, cover with plastic wrap, and refrigerate until ready to fry. I find the chilled toast fry better than when at room temp.
  • These are best enjoyed fresh, but leftovers can be stored in the refrigerator in an airtight container for up to 2 days. Reheat in a 350°F (177°C) oven for 5 minutes.
  • I don’t cut off the crusts for two reasons. First, it’s a waste of food! Second, the crusts, which are firmer than the soft middle, make it easier to spread the shrimp paste right to the very edge of the slices and reduce the chance of tearing the bread. If you’re undeterred and want to remove the crusts, cut them off before spreading on the shrimp mixture.
A rectangular platter of shrimp toast on top of blue and white tiles with a bowl of sweet and sour sauce and a plate of shrimp toast on the side.

More Excellent Asian Recipes

Write a Review

If you make this recipe, or any dish on LC, consider leaving a review, a star rating, and your best photo in the comments below. I love hearing from you.–David

A rectangular platter of shrimp toast on top of blue and white tiles.

Shrimp Toast

5 / 4 votes
These iconic Chinese American appetizers are easy to make at home by shallow frying triangles of white bread topped with sesame-seed-studded shrimp paste. They have a golden, crispy exterior with a soft, shrimpy center.
David Leite
Servings16 toasts
Calories123 kcal
Prep Time35 minutes
Cook Time15 minutes
Total Time50 minutes


  • Blender or small mini chop


For the shrimp toast

  • 3 scallions, roughly chopped, more for serving
  • 10 sprigs cilantro, more for serving
  • 1 clove garlic
  • 1/2-inch piece fresh ginger, peeled
  • 10 ounces shrimp, roughly shopped
  • 1 large egg white
  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 1 teaspoon cornstarch
  • 1 teaspoon Shaoxing wine, optional
  • 4 slices white sandwich bread
  • 1/2 cup white sesame seeds, or a mix of white and black sesame seeds

For frying

  • 2 cups neutral oil, such as vegetable or canola

For serving

  • Sweet and sour sauce or sweet chilli sauce, whichever you prefer


  • Combine the scallions, cilantro, garlic, and ginger in a blender or mini-chop and blitz until finely chopped.
  • Add the shrimp, egg white, soy sauce, cornstarch, and Shaoxing wine, if using, to the mini-chop and blitz until a paste forms.
  • Scoop the mixture into a medium bowl.
  • Spread 1/4 of the shrimp paste over each slice of bread. Make sure to spread the paste right to the edges to seal the toast. Carefully cut each slice into quarters on the diagonal.
  • Pour the sesame seeds onto a small plate. Gingerly press the shrimp side of the bread into the seeds, making sure the sauce is completely covered.
  • Heat the oil in a medium skillet over medium-high heat until it reaches 350°F (176°C) on a thermometer.
  • Using a spatula, carefully lower several triangles of shrimp toast into the oil, shrimp side down. Fry for 2 to 2 1/2 minutes, flip, and cook on the other side until golden brown, 1 minute more. Transfer the shrimp toast to a plate lined with paper towels to drain. Transfer to a rack.
  • Repeat with the remaining shrimp toast, allowing the oil to return to temperature between batches.
  • Serve the shrimp toast with thinly sliced scallions, a few springs of cilantro, and your favorite dipping sauce on the side.


  1. Easier cleanup–Soak or rinse your blender or mini-chop immediately after using. The mixture is very sticky and difficult to clean once it begins to dry.
  2. Make ahead of time–To make these ahead of time, prepare the shrimp toast recipe through step 5, cover them with plastic wrap, and refrigerate until ready to fry.
  3. Removing the crusts–If you choose to cut off the crust, do so before spreading on the prawn paste.
  4. Storage and reheating–These are best enjoyed fresh, but leftovers can be stored in the refrigerator in an airtight container for up to 2 days. Reheat in a 350°F (177°C) oven for 5 minutes.


Serving: 1 toastCalories: 123 kcalCarbohydrates: 5 gProtein: 4 gFat: 10 gSaturated Fat: 1 gMonounsaturated Fat: 5 gTrans Fat: 0.03 gCholesterol: 22 mgSodium: 207 mgFiber: 1 gSugar: 0.4 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2023 David Leite. Photos © 2023 David Leite. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

This Chinese shrimp toast recipe was delicious and easy. I would make these again and again.

These really did turn out exactly like what you’d get in a restaurant. And they stayed crunchy for quite a while after cooking, so you can go ahead and cook a slew of them for a crowd.

This appetizer lived up to the description–easy to assemble, very tasty, and super crisp! I have never heard of shrimp toast before, so I had no point of reference and can’t verify if it’s in any way like the “restaurant icon” version, but I can attest to it being a crowd-pleaser!

It was a bit tedious to prepare, but it was in no way difficult. They cook up very quickly and can easily be made ahead of time and reheated in the oven. I served them with chili garlic dipping sauce, and they did indeed vanish!

The toasts came out of the fryer with a wonderfully crunchy texture thanks to the sesame seed crusts, and they were not oily at all. We served these with a sweet chili dipping sauce and one that was a bit more fiery. Both were a hit!

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    So much fun to make! And even better to eat. I’d heard of shrimp toast over the years, but never saw it on a Chinese menu to try. My husband & I teamed up to make this recipe and thoroughly enjoyed it. We made a colossal mess in the kitchen (being a little klutzy) but had so much fun, and then got to feast upon on the fresh, warm toasts. So good!

    1. Nana’s Girl, I’m always thrilled when cooking brings families together. And I’m even more thrilled you and your husband enjoyed the toasts as much as you did!

  2. I found this a failed recipe. The final product lacked flavor, had a flat taste and was a real disappointment. Not enough garlic or ginger, perhaps would have benefitted from toasted sesame oil.

    1. Carol, I’m so sorry that you didn’t enjoy the dish. Shrimp toast is a Cantonese dish, Cantonese food tends to be very mild. But I like your idea of using more ginger. I’ll put this back into triage testing and see what our testers think.

  3. Shrimp toast is secretly Portuguese, eh? The more you know! Japan’s tempura, South Africa’s Nandos, and now China’s shrimp toast. Next, you will tell me that Vegemite was somehow linked to Portugal.

    I guess this little video will be up your alley.

    The young man in this video is well-spoken for his age without that irksome pretense. I recommend the rest of his content.

    1. Mikey, I’m not 100% sure, but according to some scholars, there’s a relationship. And thanks for the video. I think he’s great!