Preserved Lemons

A preserved lemon sprinkled with salt on a wooden surface.

Preserved lemons, sold loose in the souks, or markets, are one of the indispensable ingredients of Moroccan cooking and used in fragrant lamb and vegetable tagines as well as in recipes for chicken with olives. Their unique pickled taste and silken texture cannot be duplicated with fresh lemon or lime juice, despite what some food writers have said. In Morocco they are made with a mixture of fragrant-skinned doqq and tart boussera lemons, but I have had excellent luck with American lemons from Florida and California. If available, use Meyer lemons.

The important thing in preserving lemons is to be certain they are completely covered with salted lemon juice. With my recipe you can use the lemon juice over and over again. (As a matter of fact, I keep a jar of used pickling juice in the kitchen, and when I make Bloody Marys or salad dressings and have a half lemon left over, I toss it into the jar and let it marinate with the rest.) Sometimes you will see a sort of lacy, white substance clinging to preserved lemons in their jar; it is perfectly harmless, but should be rinsed off for aesthetic reasons just before the lemons are used. Preserved lemons are rinsed, in any case, before using to rid them of their salty taste. Cook with the thick peels and marinate with the pulp, if desired. Thin-skinned lemon peels are best reserved as a garnish.–Paula Wolfert

LC Thick-Skinned? Note

If your lemons are thick-skinned, notes Paula Wolfert, you can soften them by first soaking them in lukewarm water for 3 days, changing the water daily. If only that trick worked with the thick-skinned people in our lives.

Preserved Lemons

  • Quick Glance
  • (1)
  • 10 M
  • 10 M
  • Makes 5 preserved lemons
5/5 - 1 reviews
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Quarter the lemons, starting at the top and slicing to within 1/2-inch of the bottom. Sprinkle salt on the exposed flesh, and then reshape the fruit. Place 1 tablespoon salt on the bottom of a sterilized 1-pint mason jar.

Pack the lemons in the jar and push them down, adding more salt and lemon juice, if needed. Press down the lemons to release their juices and to make room for the remaining lemons. (If the juice released from the squashed fruit does not cover the lemons, add enough fresh lemon juice—not chemically produced lemon juice or water—to cover.) Leave some space at the top of the jar before sealing.

Set the jars aside in a warm place and let the lemons ripen for 30 days, shaking the jar often to distribute the salt and juice. They are now ready to use. To preserve your preserved lemons, stash them at room temperature away from direct light and heat for up to a year. There is no need to refrigerate the jar of preserved lemons after opening the jar.

Use a wooden spoon to fish out a lemon as needed. Rinse the lemon under cool running water. Remove and discard the pulp, if desired. The pickling juice can also be used as a flavoring agent for soups, terrines, vinaigrettes, pan sauces, and more. Just one caveat: Don’t stick your fingers in the jar.

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    Pressure Cooker Preserved Lemons Variation

    • Need preserved lemons in a hurry (like, say, for this North African Chicken Soup)? Forget about waiting a month with this pressure cooker variation, which yields what we like to call “pressured lemons.” Quarter 4 lemons, starting at the top and slicing to within 1/2 inch of the bottom. Toss them in your pressure cooker along with 1/2 teaspoon salt, a pinch of saffron threads, a pinch of granulated sugar, and 2 cups water. Cover the pressure cooker with its lid and seal according to manufacturer’s directions. Bring to high pressure over high heat, then adjust the heat to medium or whatever level is needed to maintain high pressure. Cook for 4 minutes. Remove the pot from the heat and allow the pressure cooker to depressurize but do not take off the lid. (The cooling process will decrease the pressure naturally, which ought to take about 20 minutes. Alternatively, you can place the pot under cold running water to release the pressure.) Once the pot has fully depressurized, remove the lid and partake of your pressured, or preserved, lemons.

    Recipe Testers Reviews

    Got 5 lemons and salt? If so, you practically have preserved lemons. The lemons do all the work. All you have to do is take a few minutes to add salt and lemon juice. Preserved lemons are special things. They add such wondrous, exotic flavor to whatever they're in. This recipe is the simplest one I've tried. You have to let them "ripen" in the jar for a month, but they're so worth the valuable real estate that is the coveted top shelf of the fridge. Just don't forget about them. Usually when I make preserved lemons, I add bay leaves and peppercorns, and while I prefer that flavor, this recipe is just about the lemons—and that's just fine with me!

    I made the pressure cooker variation of this preserved lemons recipe, and it came together really quickly. I also reduced the pickling liquid in the pressure cooker by boiling it on high until I had a nice, thick, honey-like consistency. Yum!


    #leitesculinaria on Instagram If you make this recipe, snap a photo and hashtag it #LeitesCulinaria. We'd love to see your creations on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter.


    1. Very excited to whip up a few batches of these as Christmas gifts. One question – is there a specific kind/coarseness of salt that works best? Have the testers found a difference between varieties? I’m planning on using fine sea salt, but wanted to check with the LC hivemind first. Thank you!

      1. Hi Nikki. Wonderful idea to share these as gifts! Any type of non-iodized salt will work here, though it is believed that a finer grain permeates the rind better. Non-iodized sea salt can be quite expensive, but a table salt would substitute well.

    2. I just got an Instant Pot. Shocked at how many bad recipes there are out there for them. It’s an amazing tool. I’m making a tagine tonight (slow cooker setting) and realized the pressure cooker could be used to make something approximating preserved lemons. Googled and OF COURSE LC comes up!

      I’m going to try one or two lemons (probably all I’ve got kicking around the bin) and place in a Weck jar sitting on the rack. I also enjoy clove and cinnamon in my preserved lemons so I’ll pop some of that in and let you know how it works out.

      1. Lovely, Jacqueline! And yeah, when it comes to gadgets, the recipes that they inspire are often not that tempting or reliable. So glad you found your way back to us and of course we’re looking forward to hearing how everything goes! Thanks so much for taking the time to drop us a note—we so appreciate it!

    3. Adding stick of cinnamon and a few cardamom seeds also add to this wonderful flavor. Just used a T. to jazz up fingerling potatoes, along with some fresh lemon zest.

    4. Do you think this would work with other citrus? I grow my own yuzu’s and key limes and think this might be something good to do with them so I have them all year to use.

      1. Other citrus would be great, Debbie. I have a key lime tree that is bursting with fruit and can’t wait to get a jar going.

    5. I will have to give this a try. I made some using Michael Ruhlman’s recipe, which calls for some sugar as well as the salt. Not authentically Moroccan–more like agrodolce–but really quite nice on so many dishes. Have you ever tried them that way? I’d be curious to know what you think.

      1. wpmate, no, I never tried a salty-sweet version of preserved lemons, but I’d be inclined to. I think it would add a different dimension to so many dishes.

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