Bagels have become standard fare in coffee shops these days. And certainly a real, traditional bagel, with a firm, shiny crust and a luscious, chewy inside, is a super tasty thing. Is it possible to replicate this magic at home with homemade bagels? After many doughs and testings, we believe we’ve perfected it. Try it. It’s worth the effort.–Ruth Joseph and Simon Round

A variety of homemade bagels on a white surface.

Classic Homemade Bagels

5 / 3 votes
The classic bagel is chewy inside with a firm, crisp crust. The step of boiling the unbaked bagels in molasses-infused water is what gives traditional bagels their taste and texture. If you've never had a fresh bagel, right out of the oven, you'll never go back to frozen or day-olds again.
David Leite
Servings40 servings
Calories115 kcal
Prep Time45 minutes
Cook Time30 minutes
Resting Time12 hours
Total Time13 hours 15 minutes


For the bagel dough

  • 7 cups bread flour, plus more for the work surface and the baking sheets
  • 2 cups self-rising whole-wheat flour
  • 3 cups lukewarm water
  • 4 teaspoons active dry yeast
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons light brown sugar
  • 2 1/2 teaspoons salt
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil, plus more for the bowl and plastic wrap

For cooking the bagels

  • 1 tablespoon molasses
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder

For the bagel toppings

  • 1 large egg, beaten
  • Poppy seeds , sesame seeds, or finely chopped onion


Make the bagel dough

  • In a large bowl, combine the bread and whole-wheat flours and whisk to blend well.
  • In a medium bowl, combine 1 1/2 cups of the flour mixture with the lukewarm water, yeast, and sugar and whisk until smooth, making sure all of the yeast has dissolved. Set it aside in a warm place for 10 to 15 minutes until fermented and foamy.
  • Combine the remaining flour mixture with the salt in the bowl of your stand mixer.
  • Pour the oil into the fermented yeast mixture and beat with a fork until smooth. With the mixer running, add the yeast mixture to the flour in the bowl and mix until a soft, pliable dough forms.
  • Turn the dough out onto a floured work surface and knead until smooth, about 5 minutes.
  • Shape the dough into a ball, place it in a large oiled bowl, drape a piece of oiled plastic wrap or a clean kitchen towel over the bowl, and place in the fridge to rise overnight.
  • On a lightly floured work surface, divide the dough into 40 pieces and shape them into balls. Then roll each ball of dough into a sausage shape and form into a bagel by overlapping the ends to form a ring, pressing the ends together so they stick. Allow a disproportionately large hole in the center so there's space for the bagels to rise (otherwise the hole will close).
  • Transfer the bagels to 2 or 3 baking sheets lined with parchment paper and dusted with flour. Cover with a clean kitchen towel and let rise in a warm place until doubled in size, about 20 minutes.
  • Preheat the oven to 425°F (218°C).

Cook the bagels

  • Bring a large, wide, deep pot of water to a boil.
  • Add the molasses and whisk in the baking powder. Carefully drop the bagels—just 3 at a time—into the boiling water and simmer without budging them for 2 to 3 minutes. Then quickly flip the bagels over and cook for another 2 to 3 minutes. Remove them with a slotted spoon and place them back on the parchment paper while you repeat with the remaining dough.

Top the bagels

  • Once all of the bagels are cooked, lightly glaze them with the beaten egg and sprinkle with the onion or seeds. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes until golden brown.
  • Transfer the bagels to a wire rack to cool completely. Be proud!


Rye and Caraway Variation

You can substitute 2 cups rye flour for the whole-wheat flour and use 4 tablespoons caraway seeds instead of onion or other seeds.
Jewish Traditional Cooking

Adapted From

Jewish Traditional Cooking

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Serving: 1 bagelCalories: 115 kcalCarbohydrates: 22 gProtein: 4 gFat: 1 gSaturated Fat: 1 gPolyunsaturated Fat: 1 gMonounsaturated Fat: 1 gTrans Fat: 1 gCholesterol: 5 mgSodium: 150 mgPotassium: 95 mgFiber: 1 gSugar: 1 gVitamin A: 8 IUVitamin C: 1 mgCalcium: 21 mgIron: 1 mg

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2013 Ruth Joseph and Simon Round. Photo © 2013 Isobel Wield. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

I LOVE Bagels. I LOVE to make bagels. For me, one of the truly wonderful things about making bread, especially bagels, is the traditional ritual of kneading and resting the dough, letting it rise, shaping it, baking it, and finally eating it. It’s a very relaxing and therapeutic endeavor that anyone should find rewarding. This is a VERY good bagel. The crust became very shiny and almost crisp and the crumb was chewy, as a bagel should be.

This recipe calls for the standard method of boiling the shaped dough for a couple of minutes, but what I found interesting is the use of molasses and baking powder as opposed to the standard baking soda.

I found these to be much better when they were allowed to cool. I made this recipe twice. The second time I halved the recipe, which also worked quite nicely.

This was an elaborate recipe but well worth the effort. The recipe produced 40 melt-in-your-mouth bagels. I used sesame and nigella seeds on my bagels.

The recipe makes about 5 pounds of dough. I found that I needed 1/4 cup more water while kneading the dough than what the recipe had specified. I rolled them into approximately 2-ounce balls and shaped them into bagels measuring 2 1/4 inches in diameter. I used a large Dutch oven and filled it with 12 cups of water and added 3 bagels at a time to boil.

After about 20 bagels, I had to add at least 6 more cups of water to replenish. I then baked them for about 15 minutes. The first 3 bagels I boiled came undone and I ended up with crescent-shaped bagels. When you overlap the ends of the bagel, moisten your fingers and really press the ends together well.

Classic homemade bagels are such a wonderful thing to see on your counter and smell in your kitchen. Crisp on the outside, dense and firm on the inside, nothing else like them. This recipe delivers. The boiling and then the baking give them their unique quality that’s just perfect for smoked salmon, cream cheese, red onion, and capers (yes, that’s my favorite topping!). The whole-wheat flour gives the resulting bagels just a little extra nuttiness, which I quite liked. I finished some with sesame seeds and the rest with sesame seeds, poppy seeds, and garlic. My family thought they’d died and gone to bagel heaven.

It’s quite simple, just a little time-consuming. The overnight rise makes for a simple beginning the next morning as long as you can remember to get going the night before. Waiting for that second rise in the morning can be a little tricky if your kitchen isn’t warm enough, so I make sure I turn on the 425°F oven before I even remove the dough from the fridge—then that second rise gets a little extra kitchen help. Don’t cheat on the boiling time and don’t put more than 3 in your pan at a time, as the water temperature will drop too quickly. Other than that, these really are a treat. Go on, you know you want to!

You won’t be disappointed with this recipe for classic homemade bagels. These are very good bagels that are easy to make. Too many bagel recipes make what’s more like a round roll with a hole in the middle rather than a real bagel.

I halved the recipe and got 18 bagels. Of course, the number of bagels you get from the recipe will depend on the size you make them. The recipe works very well and the outcome was a bagel with a crisp crust and nice, chewy center.

About David Leite

David Leite has received three James Beard Awards for his writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. His work has appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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    1. How long did you boil your bagels for, Ne? Boiling them for too long can result in an overly hard crust.

      1. I boiled them for 2 minutes, 1 minute per side. I’ll try to boil them less the next time. Thanks!

  1. Hi, am I reading correctly? You can substitute 2 cups of rye flour for 7 cups of bread flour? Or do you mean 2 cups of rye flour for every one cup of bread flour?

    1. Eldre, the substitution is for the whole wheat flour used in the recipe. You would still use the 7 cups of bread flour, but you can swap in 2 cups of rye flour for the 2 cups of whole wheat flour that’s listed as the second ingredient.

  2. Why is there no baking directions in recipe? It says heat oven to 425, but nothing says how to bake them.