Smoked Turkey

Most of us eat turkey only once or twice a year—at Thanksgiving and possibly at Christmas. However, once you taste smoked turkey prepared in your own smoker, you may find yourself wanting it a little more often. There’s just one potential downside. Ever notice that smoking turkey tends to produce rubbery skin that is pretty much inedible? Poultry skin needs high heat to get crispy, but low and slow is where the flavor happens, so you have to find a balance between those two worlds. To crisp the skin on your turkey, see the variation that follows the recipe.–Jeff Phillips

LC Get Lit On Thanksgiving Note

If the lure of a phenomenally tasty turkey isn’t sufficient to convince you to smoke your turkey this Thanksgiving, there’s another darn good reason: More oven space. Think for a moment how lovely that would be come Thanksgiving. And there’s no need to invest in a smoker, seeing as you can jury-rig your grill for smoking. (We’ve included all the basic information you need to know in the recipe below, although if we were you, we’d get us a copy of Smoking Meat, the encyclopedic compendium of smoking know-how written by Jeff Phillips from which this recipe is taken.) Actually, there’s a third reason, too. Smoking in the backyard gives you a legitimate need to excuse yourself from your mother-in-law’s clutches and go outside to get lit on Thanksgiving. We mean, to go outside and get the fire in your smoker lit. Uh, yeah, that’s what we meant.

Smoked Turkey

A smoked turkey on a platter with orange slices and fresh herbs.
Jeff Phillips

Prep 20 mins
Cook 4 hrs 10 mins
Total 4 hrs 30 mins
6 servings
5 / 3 votes
Print RecipeBuy the Smoking Meat cookbook

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  • Apple or mesquite wood or wood chips


  • Turkey brine (optional)
  • 1 (12-pound) turkey
  • 2 tablespoons kosher salt
  • 2 tablespoons coarsely ground black pepper


  • If desired, brine the turkey. (It’s highly recommended that you brine the turkey before smoking to help prevent it from drying out during smoking.)
  • Pat the turkey dry, inside and out, with paper towels. Rub the salt and pepper on the outside of the turkey. Let the turkey sit on the counter while you set up your smoker or grill.
  • If using a smoker, prepare it for cooking at 225° to 240°F and have enough smoking wood ready to last 3 to 4 hours or so. Place the turkey, breast side down, directly on the smoker grate. Smoke for 1 hour, maintaining the proper temperature in the smoker.

    If using a gas grill, wrap a handful of unsoaked wood chips in foil, poke a few holes in the foil, and toss it on one side of the grill grate. Turn on all the burners and leave the lid of the grill open until you see smoke coming from the foil packet. Turn off all the burners but the one beneath the foil packet. Place the turkey, breast side down, directly on the grate over indirect heat (that is to say, opposite the lit burner and the foil packet). Close the lid of the grill, turn the heat to medium, and maintain a temperature of 225° to 240°F. Smoke for 1 hour, maintaining the proper temperature in the grill. You may need to occasionally check the foil packet to ensure it’s still smoking; if it’s not, fashion a new one and toss it on the burner you’re using for heat.

    If using a charcoal grill, place a metal drip pan in the center of the grill under the grate. Pour about 1/2 inch water into the drip pan. Pile hot charcoal on either side of the drip pan and close the lid. Modulate the coals to maintain a temperature of 225° to 240°F. Toss a handful of unsoaked wood chips directly on the charcoal. Place the turkey, breast side up, directly on the grate over the drip pan. Smoke for 1 hour. You may need to occasionally check the wood chips to ensure they’re still smoking; if they’re not, toss another handful on the burner you’re using for heat.
  • Whether you’re using a smoker or a grill, have the bird breast side up. Insert a digital probe meat thermometer, if you have one, into the thickest part of the breast or thigh. Continue to smoke the turkey, maintaining the proper temperature in the smoker or the grill, until the internal temperature reads 165°F, which could take as little as 2 hours more or as long as 4 hours more, depending on the size of the bird and the precise temperature in the smoker or grill. If the wings, breast, or other parts of the turkey start to get too brown, cover them with pieces of foil. You may need to add additional wood or wood chips to keep up the smoke.
  • Remove the turkey from the smoker or grill and allow it to rest for 30 minutes before carving.
Print RecipeBuy the Smoking Meat cookbook

Want it? Click it.


Crisp-Skinned Variation

For a turkey with crisp skin, smoke it until the internal temperature of the bird reaches 145°F. Transfer the bird to a hot grill preheated to 350° to 375°F and finish it off until the temperature bumps up to 165°F. (You can instead smoke the bird the whole time at 275°F to 300°F, but the cooking time will be much shorter than what is stated in the above recipe. This method really cuts down on the time a bird spends in the smoker, and for me that translates to cutting flavor. But if you’re curious—or short on time—you should try the various approaches to determine which works best for you.)

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

This smoked turkey isn’t only easy to make, it wows a crowd like nothing else. I own a Big Green Egg and cooked the turkey in that. It was a little difficult to keep the temperature below 240°F (116°C); I think I put too much lump charcoal in the grill/smoker. So be careful of that. You really don’t need that much coal if you’re cooking at such a low temperature, as the coals won’t burn up as fast. I followed the recipe as written, using only salt, pepper, and olive oil for seasoning. Next time, I’d bump up the flavor a bit and add some herbs, lemon zest, etc. The turkey was a bit bland, but the smokiness of the meat thrills people. Also, the cooking time is way off. It only took 2 hours and 45 minutes to cook my 14-pound bird. [The recipe says to cook a 12-pounder for 6 hours, but I took my turkey off when the thickest part of the breast meat reached 150°F (66°C), not the 160°F to 170°F (71°C to 77°C) others recommended. The meat continues cooking while resting and is perfectly cooked through and moist.] Not your normal dry turkey. Try it—you’ll like it!

What can I say about this magnificent bird? I don’t have a smoker or charcoal grill so I made 3 wood-chip packets for the gas grill. Keeping only 2 burners out of 5 on, I placed 1 packet over the live burners to create the smoke. The temperature inside stayed between 250°F (121°C) and 300°F (149°C) for cooking, as I fiddled with the positions of the burner knobs between half and fully on. Cooking time was about 4 1/2 hours for a 12-pound turkey. Instead of brining the bird (I forgot), I injected it with a light marinade and dried it off again. I used cherry wood chips to smoke it with and used almost all of the 3 smoke packs. The end result was a golden bird with crisp skin and a light smoky flavor. The bird was magnificent to look at and delicious to eat. Because of the injected marinade the meat was juicy and tender. I think brining/injecting a marinade into the meat is essential to keep it moist. In short, this was the best turkey I’ve made in a few years. I’d certainly be happy to do this again.

Originally published November 11, 2013


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  1. Hello! Thanks for the guidance on this. I was mainly refreshing my memory for total smoking time… for me it seems to depend as much on outside temp as anything else, and it’s gonna be cold up here in Idaho this year!
    Regarding your specific instructions, I am surprised no one else pointed this out yet, after being on the web for 7+ years…
    In step 3, you say to place the bird on the smoker grate breast side down. But then in step 4, you say “whether using a smoker or grill, place the bird breast side up.”
    So… whaddya mean!? LOL Do you mean flip it over after that initial hour of smoke time? I’ve smoked a few turkeys now, in my old beat-up Brinkmann Gourmet electric smoker –with the water bowl in place, it holds pretty steady between 220º and 240º. Always has turned out great, but often the breast isn’t entirely done yet… If it’s too close to showtime, I just carve the whole breast off the bones and finish it wrapped up in the grill or oven. I also often add a bit of what’s left in the herb garden (usually sage, rosemary and maybe some thyme if it’s survived the cold) along with a lemon, an onion, a garlic bulb and maybe a soda or some cider into the water bath.

    1. Dan, your turkey sounds lovely! Great suggestion on finishing it off in the oven. To clarify, yes, you want to flip that bird after the initial hour of smoking to protect the tender breast meat. Happy Thanksgiving!

  2. If I were to follow the variation and smoke my turkey at 275 the whole time will the skin still get crispy from the duck fat?

    1. Hi Kittle, I would follow the instructions for a charcoal grill and use a thermometer to check for doneness. Also have a look at the manufacturer’s guide for smoking on the Big Green Egg.

  3. 5 stars
    In our home it has always been a smoked turkey. My father used to smoke a turkey, too. In fact, he used to smoke all the turkeys in the neighborhood as long as they wheeled their grills to our house. Now my son knows how to smoke turkey, too, which keeps the men in my house out of the kitchen! We use a Weber and it always turns out great, but I love the idea of throwing it on the grill at the end. Forwarding this to my manservant. Thanks!

    1. Abbe, I’m not certain which image called to mind by your comment I love more, the one of your father tending a dozen grills in the backyard or the one of you having a manservant! I think it’s a tossup. Many, many thanks for taking the time to share both of those, and do let us know how your turkey day goes. Oh, and you’re welcome.

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