Pan Fried Fish

Pan fried fish has never been as easy or as enticing as with these seared fish fillets with crisp skin. Easy and works with halibut, snapper, salmon, trout, and virtually any other fish.

A skillet with three pieces of pan fried fish and lemon slices

This easy pan fried fish recipe is as easy as it gets. We understand that it’s easy to be timid about cooking seafood, but this technique works perfectly to put a sear and a crisp skin on any fish fillet.–Renee Schettler Rossi

Pan Seared Fish

  • Quick Glance
  • 15 M
  • 15 M
  • Serves 4 to 6
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Ingredients

  • 4 to 6 (5-ounce) fish fillets, skin on and bones out (such as halibut, snapper, flounder, salmon, or trout)
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, ghee, coconut oil, or extra-virgin olive oil (1 oz)
  • Sea salt, to taste
  • 1 lemon, thinly sliced, for serving
  • Chopped fresh herbs, for serving (optional)
  • Homemade Tartar Sauce (optional)

Directions

  • 1. Using the tip of a sharp knife, score the skin side of each fillet with shallow incisions, being careful to cut through the skin but not through the fish. This will help prevent the skin from curling at the edges. Pat the fish completely dry.
  • 2. Heat a large cast-iron skillet or sauté pan over medium to medium-high heat until hot but not smoking. Add the fat to the skillet and let it warm.
  • 3. Salt both sides of the fish. Add the fish to the pan, skin side down, and let it cook undisturbed until it’s cooked about 2/3 of the way through. The exact timing will depend on the thickness of the fish fillet but figure about 3 minutes for thin fillets such as flounder and about 7 minutes for thick fillets such as salmon. You can baste the fish with the fat as it is cooking if you want but do not move the fish or else the skin will not crisp. You can tell how done the fish is by looking at the side of the fillet and watching where the fish is opaque.
  • 4. Once the fish is cooked most of the way through and the skin is golden brown and crisp, flip the fish. (If you think the fish is ready to be flipped but try to coax the skin from the skillet with a slender metal spatula and the skin sticks to the pan, give it another 30 seconds or so and try it again.) After you flip the fish so it’s skin side up, cook just until the fillet is cooked through. This should only take a minute or two for thin fillets and about 4 minutes for thick fillets. Keep an eye on the fish as you cook it, as overcooked fish loses its delicate flavor and can become “fishy” tasting and dry.
  • 5. Arrange the fish on plates and garnish with lemon slices and herbs, if desired. (These seemingly unnecessary garnishes go a long way in imparting flavor to the fish. They also come in handy to cover any blemishes that may have occurred when you stuck the tip of a knife into the fish to check for doneness or where the skin stuck to the skillet.)


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Recipe Testers Reviews

This pan fried fish recipe is one of the easiest methods for cooking fish, and you'll get some nice flavor from a crisp skin. I used a combination of olive oil and unsalted butter to cook my halibut fillets. Scoring the skin will definitely prevent the skin from curling up. Halibut fillets are fairly thick and will take about 4 minutes on the skin side and 3 to 4 minutes more on the flesh side. When the fillet has cooked on the skin side for a few minutes, it's best to try to lift up the fish with a spatula. If it releases easily, then you can turn the fish. If not, try again in about 30 seconds. Don’t force it or you may end up with a crumbled fish fillet. For best results, your pan should be well-heated and the fat should be hot before the fish is added to the pan. If you are not sure that your fish is cooked, you can check its internal temperature with an instant-read thermometer—140°F is the correct temperature for properly cooked fish. You will get an additional 5 degrees from carryover cooking after the fish is removed from the pan. The fish should be opaque and flake easily with a fork. Lemon slices are all you need to garnish. Serving the fish with the Homemade Tartar Sauce on the site is also a nice enhancement to this dish.

The fish was delish! I served it as an appetizer to guests at a dinner party, and we all agreed that it was a winner. The only reason I wouldn't give this a "10" was because of the mess. When I added the fish to the heated fat, it splattered all over the stove and countertop. With my guests ready to be seated, I didn't have time to clean it up and faced it afterward with all the dishes. I would make sure to pat the fish thoroughly dry before adding it to the hot fat. That said, I used 4- to 6-ounce salmon fillets and cooked them in coconut oil. I scored the skin of each fillet, and the skin didn't curl. The fillets were easy to turn and didn't stick to the bottom of the cast-iron skillet. My 1 1/4-inch-thick fillets took 6 to 7 minutes to cook 2/3 of the way through, then another 4 minutes after they were turned. The recipe calls for flipping the fish. I would suggest turning it carefully, as flipping it just resulted in more splatter. My fillets might have taken longer to cook than the recipe stated because they were still cold from the refrigerator. I did baste the fish with the hot oil as it was cooking. It was somewhat difficult to tell if the fish was done properly, so I had to check it with a fork a couple times to see if it flaked, but this was easily covered up with the lemon slices. Everyone loved the fish, but I noticed that no one touched the skin. I served it alongside a sauce of mayonnaise, balsamic vinegar, and garlic. I would highly recommend this recipe with a caveat—don't make it when you're trying to do other things at the same time. This needs your undivided attention.

This pan seared fish came out well—very moist and delicious. The lemon slices for serving seemed like such a simple addition, but the citrus enhanced the flavor of the fish in a delicate way. I used four 5-ounce rainbow trout fillets, each about 1/2 inch thick. Because of the relative thinness of the fillets, they cooked fairly quickly. I cooked them for 3 minutes on the first side and then flipped them. The skin of one fillet curled a bit during this step. They cooked 2 minutes on the other side, and one more curled. Because the skin was pretty thin, it was tricky to score only that and not cut into the flesh, so that might be the reason for the curling. The skin was not especially crisp. I think I would have had better success on the crispness front had I used a different type of fish and/or thicker fillets and a cast-iron skillet rather than a sauté pan. While my sauté pan was hot, a cast-iron skillet could have gone higher and held the heat better. And using something like salmon fillets, which are thicker, would probably have been more effective with this technique. Even so, these were good. Getting the skin to crisp would be a bonus.

Loving fish as I do, I jumped at the opportunity to test this pan fried fish recipe. I used a couple gorgeous fresh South Carolina flounder from my local fishmonger. The final taste was spectacular. Juicy and perfectly cooked. I cut each flounder into 3 slices. When scoring the skin, make sure to use a very sharp knife and be careful not to cut through to the fish. The skin did not curl up at all. Time-wise, the first side took about 7 minutes and the other side about 5 minutes. Not bad for a weeknight dinner. The fish did stick more than I expected and lost its skin. I'm not sure if this was due to ghee, as it was the first time I tried using ghee to pan-fry fish. I wonder if cooking it in the oven—first warming the cast-iron, then adding the fish, skin side down, and placing it in the oven at 450°—would be best, as this way, we wouldn't have to turn the fish, and the fillets would cook through and still have a nice crisp skin.

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