“This is a gentle and comforting congee that heals and salves the soul. All is forgiven or forgotten after eating this suave silken potage. It is eaten for supper, a dinner alone or occasionally for breakfast. It is especially kind to those who are feeling unwell. Once done, it’s ready to use as a base for other, more complex congees. [Editor’s Note: And by “complex congees,” the author means those to which any number of things have been stirred in, whether scallion and cracked black pepper and a dash of soy sauce and a raw egg stirred in just before serving, as in the photo above, or shredded pork and and black pepper or shredded chicken and ginger or a sprinkling of peanuts or, well, just about anything, really.] Plain congee is really invalids’ food, but Thais and Chinese love its bland taste and easy-to-digest texture. Please note, many Chinese congee recipes use chicken stock in place of water. You can do that if you please. I suggest watering it down slightly if it’s a rich broth.–David Thompson

A bowl of congee garnished with scallions and freshly ground black pepper with some fritters on the side.

Congee | Jok Plaw

4.75 / 4 votes
Congee, or jok plaw, is an easy southeast Asian comfort food made with rice and ginger and whatever toppings you like though we’re partial to scallions, cilantro, and peanuts. Here’s how to make it.
David Leite
Servings4 to 6 servings
Calories338 kcal
Prep Time5 minutes
Cook Time1 hour 55 minutes
Total Time2 hours


  • 2 cups broken rice* (see * below) or substitute long-grain white rice
  • 8 cups cold water, plus more as needed
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • Shredded ginger
  • Freshly cracked black pepper
  • Thinly sliced scallions
  • Cilantro
  • Chopped peanuts


  • Rinse the rice well and drain it. Soak it in plenty of cold water for 2 to 3 hours–no longer or the cooked congee will be a thin, dull gruel with no perfume.
  • In a large, heavy pan, bring the water to a boil with the salt. Drain the rice and gradually pour it into the boiling water, stirring gently and constantly as the rice returns to a boil. (If the uncooked rice sticks to the pan and scorches, your congee will be ruined.)
  • When the rice begins to swell, turn down the heat to very low, cover with a lid, and simmer as gently as possible, stirring regularly and adding more water if needed, until the rice grains have almost dissolved, 45 minutes to 1 hour. The congee must simmer very, very gently, and it should not be too thick or dry–you may need to add more water as it cooks to maintain its soupy consistency. (If you didn’t use broken rice, you’ll need to cook it for somewhere around twice as long.)
  • Remove from the heat, cover, and set aside for a short spell or up to a few hours. Ladle into bowls and pass the ginger, black pepper, scallions, cilantro, and peanuts on the side for each person to add as they desire.


*What You Need To Know About Broken Rice

We’re going to borrow author David Thompson’s definition of broken rice, which is, as he says, “simply the grains of rice that break and shatter during the milling process.” In the eyes of some, these broken kernels are damaged goods, separated from the whole grains, as it can no longer be used to make steamed rice. Thompson explains further, saying “the starch spills out of the broken grains as they cook, making a gluggy, gluey mass. Terrible for steamed rice, but wonderful for soup! Some Thai cooks prefer new season’s rice for congee, saying it makes a more supple soup, while others incline to old grains, saying it has more character and aroma. I plump for the latter. Broken rice is easily bought in Thailand, and is usually available in Chinese grocery shops. It is also very easy to make: just lightly grind or pound the required amount.” If you just don’t have it in you to trek to Chinatown or pound rice, you can still partake of congee. Just use regular whole-grain rice and simmer it a little longer as mentioned in the recipe above.
Thai Street Food

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Serving: 1 portionCalories: 338 kcalCarbohydrates: 74 gProtein: 7 gFat: 1 gSaturated Fat: 1 gMonounsaturated Fat: 1 gSodium: 610 mgFiber: 1 gSugar: 1 g

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe?Mention @leitesculinaria or tag #leitesculinaria!
Recipe © 2011 David Thompson. Photo © 2011 Earl Carter. All rights reserved.

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

Goopy, soothing, and comfortingly bland, congee is Asia’s contribution to the great nursery food canon. Eaten on its own, it’s on the one-dimensional side, but it makes a terrific vehicle for a host of more dynamic ingredients. I ate mine with shredded ginger, chopped Spanish peanuts, and some soy sauce and it was wonderful.

I must admit that I cheated a bit with this recipe; instead of using broken or even plain white rice, I used some black wild rice that I had on hand. It worked well, but as the recipe suggested it would, it took more than twice as long to cook. Still, it was worth the wait, and I’ll doubtless have plenty of opportunities to make it again during New York’s long winter.

This is exactly what congee should be. Simple, warm, and satisfying on a cold day. This is a great recipe base to start from, and you can add anything you’d like to top it. I like a little bit of spice in my food, so I added a touch of Sriracha after trying out the recipe as written. I didn’t use broken rice, but it still cooked down in the time recommended for broken rice. I added about 2 additional cups of water as well.

I’m a little partial to this recipe, as it evoked so many feelings of comfort from my childhood. I have only cooked this twice, both times years ago. I was glad that testing gave me an opportunity to try it again. It worked exactly as written and was so, so easy. It’s not fancy, but I did as my mom does and served it with shredded chicken, thinly sliced raw cabbage, lots of scallions, and freshly ground pepper. It’s perfect for cold winter days in the Midwest.

This is a very neutral and soothing food. Like grits, it act as a vehicle for additional flavors. As presented in the recipe, the accompanying garnishes keep the dish light and herbally medicinal, perfect if you have the sniffles.

Since I had leftovers, I thought a spicy variation would be great for a hearty lunch or dinner. Taking my cues from the banh mi sandwich, I cooked some ground pork, Sriracha, and other spices to make a quick accompaniment to top the congee. This proved how versatile congee can be and when you’re feeling better the next day, leftovers can be given many new forms.

Testing tips: the heat under pot can’t be too low. As Julia Child would say, “nary a bubble should form.” You will need additional water, especially if you can’t get your heat down really low. Keep a good eye on the pot.

This recipe for congee is a solid base recipe for an easy to digest, filling, and comforting meal. What I liked about this recipe is the flexibility to make one bowl different from the next. I replaced half of the water with low-sodium chicken stock to start with a more flavorful base. My tasters customized their bowls with additions including roasted seaweed, katsuobushi, egg, scallions, tofu, ginger, cilantro, and Sriracha. We all liked having something fresh like scallions or cilantro to brighten the flavor.

I used a short-grain rice for the congee and substituted chicken stock for the water. I wasn’t really clear on what the consistency should be, so I cooked it until it was still moist but there was no liquid remaining (about 75 minutes). We added our own garnishes of ginger, scallions, cilantro and peanuts, and also some spicy Thai red chile sauce. This worked as written and was perfect for someone with a cold!

Prepared as is, this is a pretty bland dish. But that’s the point. It either serves as a comfort when you just need something plain, or becomes the canvas for other ingredients. What’s so appealing to me about this recipe is the consistency of the end result—so smooth and soft and, well, comforting.

I halved the recipe and it worked just fine, still making plenty of congee (6 cups or more) for my needs. I pulsed the rice in a spice grinder to give it the broken effect. After the soak, I cooked it for about 30 minutes, adding more water to keep it very brothy. I also wish the recipe gave just a little bit more of a clue as to the consistency— it said to cook “until the rice grains have almost dissolved,” but I would have liked a visual cue as well. I ate it with soy sauce, grated ginger, chopped scallion and cilantro and some chopped Japanese pickles I had on hand. Perhaps not very traditional, but still tasty. In the morning, the rice absorbed most of the rest of the water, but it was still very soft and tender. I had as above for breakfast, minus the pickles and with the addition of a hard-boiled egg. Will definitely make again.

Growing up in a congee-loving house, of COURSE I had to try this recipe. I had never thought to use broken rice before, but I did appreciate the shorter cooking time, and I’ll remember that shortcut in the future. I didn’t really see any use in soaking the rice for 2 to 3 hours before cooking. There was no difference in texture or aroma that I could discern. The Cantonese method is to soak the clean rice with a drizzle of oil and a dash of salt for 20 minutes before cooking, and I don’t notice much of a difference with that technique, either. The results are similar if you add the oil and salt during or after cooking as well. Overall though, this recipe contained a clear set of instructions for the novice congee-maker.

Note though: Plain congee is VERY bland food, and because all the rice starch has been cooked down, it can be very sweet as well. If you’re not using it as invalid food, be generous with the salt and add toppings (thinly sliced pork or chicken, salted eggs, pickled mustard greens, etc.).

In the past, I have tried to make “quick” versions of congee, and to be quite honest, they were less than gentle and comforting. It seemed that it would be worth the effort to lightly grind the rice to make the dish more silken, and believe me, it was!

I had some very rich chicken stock on hand, so I watered it down, not wanting it to dominate the flavor of the soup. If you aren’t feeling well and want this to be easy to digest, I would suggest starting off sparingly with the garnishes, as you can always add more later. To me, this is the ultimate in comfort when the weather is dreary and you don’t feel well. This is the next best thing to going home and having Mom spoil you with all the old favorite foods. A keeper!

About David Leite

I count myself lucky to have received three James Beard Awards for my writing as well as for Leite’s Culinaria. My work has also appeared in The New York Times, Martha Stewart Living, Saveur, Bon Appétit, Gourmet, Food & Wine, Yankee, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Washington Post, and more.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 4 stars
    Turned out well, I had regular rice and put it into a food processor. I soaked it the day before because I didn’t have time to cook it, wrapped the drained rice up, and cooked it a few days later, which worked out totally fine. Reading the comments helped me understand what I was going for because I had never had it before. The consistency of mine was like watery oatmeal more so than grits. Super good, try some stock I the water.

    1. Amy, terrific. And yes, so much of congee is personal preference, yes? Feel free to adjust as you like. Greatly appreciate the trick to drain the rice and store it.

  2. Ever since I had this in Thailand, I have been craving it. Thank you so much! I love that you have ‘Recipe Testers Reviews’ as well, that way you know its a legitimate recipe and people won’t be disappointed. Making this soon – thanks!

    1. You’re welcome! Love to hear your thoughts when you make it! I use this recipe as my default congee.

  3. 5 stars
    This is the perfect food with any desired add ins for anyone on chemotherapy. It helps with fluid intake, electrolyte balance if you use bone broth after making the rice porridge. Ginger helps with stomach issues. An egg adds protein. Herbs are so good for people with cancer. I have been on chemo for two years and this has helped enormously.

    1. Love your suggestions, Louise. All of them. Thank you for sharing your ideas and your suggestions. I am so glad to hear that this sort of healing nutrition has been helping you! So much love and well wishes for you…