Jim Lahey’s No-Knead Bread

Jim Lahey’s no-knead bread recipe turned traditional bread making upside down for all of us. Made with just flour, yeast, salt, and water, the bread is the fastest, easiest, and best you may ever make.

This is it, folks. Jim Lahey’s no-knead bread recipe. The technique that incited an insurrection among bread bakers everywhere. The recipe is ridiculously easy, even for first-time bread bakers, and will make you wonder why you ever spent all that time and effort kneading dough in the past. The loaf is an adaptation of Lahey’s phenomenally and outrageously popular pugliese sold at Sullivan Street Bakery in Manhattan. And once you try it, you’re going to wonder where it’s been your entire life.Renee Schettler Rossi

How to ensure magnificence from your loaf of no-knead bread

Baker Jim Lahey took great care, in his original recipe for this no-knead bread, to explain as many tricks as he possibly could to help ensure you have spectacularly satisfying results at home. We’ve included them in the instructions below.

Don’t rush through this recipe and skim the details. Each word, each visual cue, each explanation has meaning.

Rely on the description of how the dough should appear or feel more than the timing.

And know that conditions change from kitchen to kitchen and from day to day, depending on the exact flour you’re using and the temperature of your house and the humidity and, we suspect, the barometic pressure, the phase of the moon, and maybe even your mood. So some days your bread baking may seem blessed and others it may feel cursed. Although as Lahey says, “Even the loaves that aren’t what you’d regard as perfect are way better than fine.”A round loaf of Jim Lahey's no-knead bread, dusted with flour on a leather chair As easy as this recipe is, Lahey cautions that it’s not exactly an impromptu sorta thing. “This bread is incredibly simple and involves little labor, but you need to plan ahead. Although mixing takes almost no time, the first rise requires from 12 to 18 hours. Then you’ll need to shape the dough and let it rise for another 1 to 2 hours. The longer rise tends to result in a richer bread, but you need the patience and the schedule to do it. After preheating the oven and the pot, you’ve got 30 minutes of covered baking, another 15 to 30 of uncovered baking, and about an hour of cooling. And please, don’t gulp down that first slice. Think of the first bite as you would the first taste of a glass of wine: smell it (there should be that touch of maltiness), chew it slowly to appreciate its almost meaty texture, and sense where it came from in its hint of wheat. Enjoy it. You baked it, and you did a good job.”

Jim Lahey’s No-Knead Bread

A piece of Jim Lahey's no-knead bread with three pieces of butter and a sprinkling of salt on top.
Jim Lahey’s no-knead bread recipe turned traditional bread making upside down for all of us. Made with just flour, yeast, salt, and water, the bread is the fastest, easiest, and best you may ever make.
Jim Lahey

Prep 30 mins
Cook 3 hrs
Total 3 hrs 30 mins
16 slices
85 kcal
4.89 / 117 votes
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  • 6- to 8-quart heavy pot with lid


  • 3 cups bread flour or all-purpose flour plus more for the work surface
  • 1/4 teaspoon instant yeast (it’s a small amount but trust us, it’s correct)
  • 1 1/4 salt
  • 1 1/3 cups water
  • Cornmeal or wheat bran as needed


  • In a large bowl, stir together the flour, yeast, and salt. Add the water and mix with a spoon or your hand until you have a shaggy, sticky dough. This should take roughly 30 seconds. You want it to be a little sticky. (Many people who bake this bread find the dough to be sticker than other bread doughs they've worked with. Even though it's not what you're accustomed to handling, it's perfectly fine.)
  • Cover the bowl with a plate, towel, or plastic wrap and set it aside to rest at warm room temperature (but not in direct sunlight) for at least 12 hours and preferably about 18 hours. (Ideally, you want the room to be about 72°F. In the dead of winter, when the dough will tend to rise more slowly, as long as 24 hours may be necessary.) You'll know the dough is properly fermented and ready because its surface will be dotted with bubbles. This long, slow fermentation is what yields the bread's rich flavor.
  • Generously flour your work surface. Use a bowl scraper or rubber spatula to turn the dough onto the surface in one blob. The dough will cling to the bowl in long, thread-like strands and it will be quite loose and sticky. This is exactly what you want. Do not add more flour. Instead use lightly floured hands to gently and quickly lift the edges of the dough in toward the center, effectively folding the dough over onto itself. Nudge and tuck in the edges of the dough to make it round. That's it. Don't knead the dough.
  • Generously coat a cotton towel (not terry cloth) with flour, wheat bran, or cornmeal. Place the dough, seam side down, on the towel and dust the surface with a little more flour, bran, or cornmeal. Cover the dough with another cotton towel and let it rise for about 2 hours. When it's ready, the dough will be double in size and will hold the impression of your fingertip when you poke it lightly, making an indentation. If the dough readily springs back when you poke it, let it rise for another 15 minutes.
  • A half hour before the dough is done with its second rise, preheat the oven to 450°F (232°C). Adjust the oven rack to the lower third position and place a 6- to 8-quart heavy pot and its lid (whether cast iron or enamel, Pyrex or ceramic) in the oven as it heats.
  • When the dough is done with its second rise, carefully remove the pot from the oven and uncover it. Also, uncover the dough. Lift up the dough and quickly but gently turn it over into the pot, seam side up, being very careful not to touch the pot. The blob of dough may look like a mess, but trust us, everything is O.K. Cover the pot with its lid and bake for 30 minutes.
  • Remove the lid and bake until the loaf is beautifully browned to a deep chestnut color, 15 to 30 minutes more. Use a heatproof spatula or pot holders to carefully lift the bread out of the pot and place it on a wire rack. Don’t slice or tear into it until it has cooled, which usually takes at least an hour.
Print RecipeBuy the My Bread cookbook

Want it? Click it.


Commonly Asked Questions About No-Knead Bread

1. Why didn’t my bread rise?
Because the recipe calls for so little yeast, it’s important to make sure the yeast is fresh. Also, if the room is too cool (the ideal temperature is 72°F/22°C), the dough will need longer to rise.
2. I don’t have a Dutch oven. Can I still make the bread?
You certainly can. What’s most important is to have a tight-fitting cover. Some bakers have had success with:
— a stainless steel pot with a lid
— an oven-safe glass (Pyrex) dish with a cover
— a clay pot with a lid
— a pizza stone with an inverted stainless steel bowl as a cover
3. Why are my bread loaves flat? They’re not big and round.
First, check your yeast. It could be old and expired. Keeping yeast in the freezer helps extend its life considerably. Another culprit is not letting the dough rest enough after shaping and before baking. Creating a tight skin on the surface of the dough allows it to rise to lofty heights in the oven–something called oven spring.

Show Nutrition

Serving: 1sliceCalories: 85kcal (4%)Carbohydrates: 17g (6%)Protein: 3g (6%)Fat: 1g (2%)Saturated Fat: 1g (6%)Polyunsaturated Fat: 1gMonounsaturated Fat: 1gSodium: 32mg (1%)Potassium: 25mg (1%)Fiber: 1g (4%)Sugar: 1g (1%)Vitamin A: 1IUVitamin C: 1mg (1%)Calcium: 4mgIron: 1mg (6%)

Recipe Testers’ Reviews

For me, this is the PERFECT bread recipe. Making bread is my obsession. I have made nearly every bread recipe you can name. As much as I love the ritual of old-fashioned bread-making—kneading, resting, proofing, etc.—this no-knead bread recipe is my go-to loaf.

I base this on two things: texture and flavor. This is hands-down the best-tasting “white bread” that I have ever eaten, let alone made. I use a digital scale and weigh my ingredients.

Good bread takes several hours to produce. GREAT bread takes nearly 24 hours. If you rush this recipe, you will be doing yourself a great disservice. When Jim Lahey says this dough should be wet, trust him, it will be as wet as a ciabatta dough. VERY WET. When folding the dough, it doesn’t have to be precise. I simply pull 4 edges up and toward the center. Then simply turn the dough, seam side down, on a floured cloth or linen. Do not scrimp on the flour for the tea towel. You will NEED a thick coating on the cloth or it will stick when you flip it into the 450°F Dutch oven. Trust me. Don’t fret over how the dough looks when you put the lid on and just slide it back in the oven, set your timer for 30 minutes, and, like some crazy magic, when the lid comes off, it will always be perfect. The last 15 minutes is the hardest for me. I always want to take it out of the oven before it turns a lovely dark brown. DON’T DO IT! Let it bake without the lid for at least 12 minutes.

Remove your masterpiece from the oven, carefully place it on a cooling rack (I use 2 silicone spatulas) and, while you’re admiring your mastery, listen. The bread will crack and hiss and sing. Truly one of the most beautiful sounds that you’ll ever hear.

Yum! This no-knead bread recipe is perfect! I used bread flour and let it rise for 22 hours. I used a glass bowl so I could see many bubbles visible on top and throughout the dough along the sides. After the first rise, the dough is exactly as described—quite loose and sticky. I let it rise 2 hours after shaping the loaf and baked for the recommended time. The bread matched the picture color.

I hopped into the shower and left the bread cooling and unguarded from bread lovers. When I came out, my husband had cut the bread only about 20 minutes into the recommended cooling time. There was no detriment to the bread. It retained a moist chew inside and a lovely, crunchy crust outside. I will definitely make this again.

This no-knead bread recipe has been around for a few years and I’ve made it a few other times. When the recipe was initially published in the New York Times, it pretty much shocked the bread-baking world. But the long fermentation definitely eliminated any need to knead the dough. As long as you plan out the timing for the fermentation and baking, it’s very easy and only takes about 10 minutes of actual hands-on time. The crust is a nice crunchy brown and the crumb is moist and airy.

You do have to follow the directions precisely and be sure to look for the clues given in the recipe to determine when the dough is properly fermented. Best used the day it is baked.

The aroma of the bread while it was cooking was extremely deep and rich. The taste of the bread from the fermentation is unbelievable. Adding cornmeal to the covering of the bread before the final rise is possibly the best decision to make. The cornmeal adds a textural element to the bread that enhances the overall experience of eating it.

If you’ve been wanting to try making bread, this is a great way to get started. There aren’t a lot of ingredients or equipment to acquire and the entire hands-on time commitment is under 10 minutes. For this, you are rewarded with a beautiful, crusty loaf of bread with an open and airy crumb. I have made bread in a machine and bread by hand/mixer before, but this is the first time I have tried no-knead bread and I am hooked.

The picture closely resembles what I produced, except my air holes were larger and my crumb was more light and feathery.

I let my dough rest for 19 hours on my gas stove top (a little warmer than the rest of the kitchen during the winter). The recipe is correct in assuring that even though the dough looks like a mess, everything is OK. My bread still came out great, if a little oblong instead of round. I would try using cornmeal or wheat bran in place of flour on the towel in the future to see if that works better.

I allowed my dough to rise for 2 hours 10 minutes. It held an impression at this point, but it did not appear to have doubled in size. It seemed more important to continue with the recipe once your fingertip left an impression so I did not wait for the dough to double in size.I baked my bread for 45 minutes total—30 minutes with the lid and 15 minutes more without the lid. At this point, it was a lovely dark brown color.

No need to worry when making this no-knead bread! I was pleasantly surprised at this rustic, crusty bread I made with little effort. Total time (because of almost a full day of rising) is about 26 hours. But that sounds crazy since you literally have about 10 minutes total of hands-on time. The rest of the time was rising (18 hours for my first rise; 2 hours 15 minutes for second) then baking and cooling.

I chose to use half bread flour and half regular flour. For the coating on the cotton towel, I used cornmeal and so glad I did. The directions are very clear, but I was skeptical about “dropping” the risen dough into the hot pot without touching the sides and with no oil! But to my surprise, every step was so simple and the bread turned out amazing. It didn’t stick at all!

I let it cool for the complete hour as recommended. The bread didn’t last long after that. We smothered it with delicious Kerry Gold butter and couldn’t be happier with the results. The cornmeal added more texture to the crust and looked beautiful.

This recipe is a no-brainer. Delicious and quite impressive!

Gnarled, crunchy, bronzed crust, light and soft pillowy bread beneath—this is THE BEST BREAD I have ever made. I’m not usually very successful with bread—I’m impatient and have small weak hands, neither of which go to producing a good loaf of bread. This recipe, with no kneading at all, is just perfect then and very easy indeed. The recipe suggest leaving it to cool but I couldn’t. I used a towel to hold onto the hot bread and sliced a piece off, smothered it in butter, and devoured it.

I was very un-confident with the amount of yeast required. Just a 1/4 tsp is such a small amount to the volume of flour that I was sure this was incorrect. However, I stuck to the recipe and I’m glad I did. I would suggest a note to re-assure people that it’s an accurate amount.

I was also not sure if the water should be cold or warm. Usually with bread its warm water but again I decided to go with the recipe deciding if it was warm it would have stated so.

Using the 1 1/3 cups of water the dough was still dry with loose flour in the bowl. I ended up adding another 2/3 cup water to produce the consistency described in the recipe. The detail provided in the recipe was really useful to help me know things were going well—this is a very unusual bread recipe so I do think this amount of detail is required.

I found the times for raising the dough were quite varied, my first rest was for 25 1/2 hours. It does advise it may take longer due to variances in temperature. This didn’t really matter though the actual hands on time is so minimal the bread making fitted around everything else that was going on at the weekend.

The second rest is only meant to take 2 hours but I left mine for 16 hours. Partly for convenience but also because after 2 hours it just didn’t look as if it had changed at all. The finger test described in the recipe was an excellent tip to confidently decide if the dough was ready for baking.

I didn’t have the special pot with the lid but just used a Pyrex dish (1 litre) and covered it with a plaited foil lid.

The baking time was perfect. My loaf took 30 minutes with foil lid on and then just another 20 minutes lid off to produce a fabulous dark golden crust.

One of my favorite things about Leite’s Culinaria is the surprise of learning a recipe’s source after a test (yes, recipes are blind to the source— we get a recipe title, headnote, picture, and the recipe). This recipe was different—I instantly recognized the name Lahey as the developer of the no-knead bread that broke the internet, the bakery on Sullivan Street, and the only no-knead bread recipe I had not tried. Seriously, I swear I’ve tried them all, for better or worse. This loaf stood up to the hype. A perfectly written recipe, flawless timing, forgiving ingredients and detailed directions and exact cook time and oven temp, check-check-check. Flour: all purpose. Salt: Morton’s kosher. Water temp: purposely ignored. A floured towel (this will never work!): NBD (that’s no-biggie!). Pitfalls: none. MAKE THIS LOAF. Then, google it, tweak it, play with it, and MAKE IT AGAIN. I’ll be right there with you.

Flipping the dough into the pan sounded disastrous but even the loose flour that went along with it and the sticking to the towel, which was inevitable but way less terrifying than I’d always imagined, no biggie.

I gave it the full bake time to get a beautiful dark golden brown, a few minutes south of a scorch on the bottom…just how I love it.

I was happily restricting carbs in my diet until I made this bread…it’s over now. This is by far the easiest bread I have ever made and the results are incredible. For about 25 cents worth of ingredients and several minutes of hands on time, you are rewarded with a house that smells like a bread bakery and a homemade bread worthy of praise.

The most difficult part of this recipe is figuring out what time to get it going based on what time you would like to serve this freshly baked masterpiece.I allowed my bread to rest for 18 hours in the first rise and my dough definitely took on all of the characteristics described in the recipe. (I love when I feel like the recipe writer is standing in my kitchen telling me what to look for!)

My second rise did not give me dough that had doubled in size-I let it go another 15 minutes. I probably could have let it go further. Oddly, my dough felt cool to the touch at that point and I wondered if my kitchen just was not warm enough for a proper rise.

I used my 7-quart enameled cast iron Le Crueset pot for baking and my only concern was that I had once made this bread before and it had darkened the interior of my pot. The bread does not stick but the enamel has continued to appear a bit darker after this high heat baking. I baked the dough as directed for the first 30 minutes but left it in only 15 minutes for the uncovered portion of the baking. I started to smell burning flour and got concerned. In retrospect, I think the bread would have benefitted from a bit more time in the oven to keep that crust crunchy. It was a beautiful color when I took it out but I think it could have withstood a few more minutes to get it even darker.

I waited the hour for the bread to cool, always following directions…but then I sliced it…and it was delicious. Then I got out some butter and it was great, too. Then I thought of all the wonderful things I could eat on it or next to it! I opted to eat a bit more for dinner and then slice and freeze what was left and it defrosted and toasted just beautifully over the weekend.

My end product was a circle that was 9 inches wide and about 4 inches high in the middle. I can’t wait to make it again. Admittedly, I am no longer carb-free-I had a job to do!

My kids actually thought I performed magic this morning! What started as a thought for dinner last night ended up as avocado and poached egg toast this morning. Our kitchen isn’t warm enough so the proofing actually took 24+ hours but it did finally get there!

I wish the instructions would have given a temperature for the water in the ingredients. Often while making bread I’ve used room temperature or even warm water to help hasten the proofing. Because it wasn’t instructed here, I used room temperature.

My dough was NOT sticky at all. In fact, it was dry and I was nervous that it wouldn’t come together. I kneaded for about 45 minutes with my hands to get it to come together. I covered it with a plate in the kitchen on a counter during a snowstorm so it never got too warm. And 26 hours later, I decided to keep going!

Cooking time for me, at 5600 feet, was about 25 minutes after removing the lid. It was gorgeous! I did wish there was some advice as to how to know when it was done besides color—mine was hollow on the bottom and gave off a good knock but is there any way to help people who aren’t used to making bread? We covered it with a towel at night after it was cool and left it on the counter to demolish for breakfast. I’ll be making this again and again!

This is a wonderfully delicious crusty loaf. With a little or maybe a lot of patience and only a few minutes effort, you get an amazing bakery-style loaf. All with less time and effort than going to the store. The crisp exterior yields to a soft tasty interior. Perfect on its own slathered with butter but would also be lovely with a saucy meal.

I covered it with plastic wrap and let it rise for 20 hours. The dough was dotted with bubbles and doubled in size and came out of the bowl with long strands as described. I used a bowl scraper and followed directions to make dough into a round. Took 30 seconds. I covered it with a tea towel coated with flour. Let it rise for 2 hours. Baked for 30 minutes with lid on and then for another 15 without. Loaf was nicely browned.

Originally published January 21, 2021


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  1. 4 stars
    i’ve made this recipe 4 times in the last week. two successes & 2 failures. i modify the recipe this way, i use a mix of 375g of bread flour with 125g of whole wheat (25%) & 3/8 tsp approx. +1 g of ADY. this is what i have learned so far.

    1. it was not beginner’s luck that i created a beautiful artisan loaf, it was following the recipe closely the first time & the 4th time to prove i could do it again, very repeatable.

    2. i learned in order to get a more flavourful bread, please let the initial proof go for the longer 18 hr period, good-tasting bread takes time.

    3. i’ve learned to work with extremely wet, sticky dough much better. i am not using my hands as much, but using utensils & most importantly parchment paper. i am going to be using floured parchment paper & a covering towel from now on for the final proof period. my tea towel was ruined & thrown out after the second attempt.

    4.  the use of a dutch oven/cocotte is now an indispensable tool in my bread baking repertoire. these loaves are the first ones i’ve baked in my new favorite toy.

    5. the “no knead” method still needs a forming or strengthening step for the dough. i’m going to go into the detail of this now.

    ~ do this by extending the final proof into a 3-hr period, the first hour is a forming period.

    ~ first, turn out onto a well-floured piece of parchment taped down to a half sheet. first is a punch down step, pulling to the middle going around making loose semi-sphere, flip it over seams down.

    ~ then let it rest 20 minutes. i use a silicone spatula for this step. i am forming a log loaf shape so then get the dough loose by scraping excess flour under it & then creating folds, tri-folds or coils. flour sticky spots top & bottom as required, i am using thin pastry scrapers in each hand for this.

    ~ let the dough rest again for the next 20 minutes, then repeat.

    ~ let the dough rise under a towel for two hours.

    ~ in the last half an hr of the final proof preheat the oven with the dutch oven inside to 500 degrees F.

    ~ scrap corn meal or bran underneath the formed dough log. slash if you so desire.

    ~ at the end of the proof, take the dutch oven out & place the dough into it by lifting the dough parchment paper & all place it into the pot.

    ~ push the paper out to the side with a spoon or a spatula.

    ~ cover with the top & place in the oven, resetting the temperature to bake at 450 F, 20 minutes covered, 10 minutes uncovered. these times are estimated for your use.

    May your bread rise high.


  2. I tried using a well floured banneton to proof, but when I turned it on to my parchment paper to transfer to pot, it stuck and I had to pull it out and try to reshape. What did I do wrong? Use a combination of all purpose and rice flour for the banneton. Thanks for any suggestions.

    1. Was it a lined banneton, or an unlined banneton? I use heavily-floured cloth liners with my bannetons, rubbing the flour into the cloth before putting the boule into the basket. I also lightly dust the top of the loaf before rolling it in.

    2. Claudette, it doesn’t sound like you did anything wrong. This dough can be quite sticky, so you may just need more flour in the banneton, or you could also try dusting the seam side of the dough with some flour (as well as the banneton) before you pop it into the basket.

      1. Thank you, Angie. I will try again using your suggestions. I was actually surprised that the finished bread tasted fine. It just wasn’t pretty to look at!

        1. I have been baking this recipe throughout the pandemic and it works great. My only problem is that sometimes the finished product has traces of flour in the bread – why is this happening and what can I do to eliminate this?

          1. Hi Ken,
            I bake this bread with an 80% hydration – (375g flour / 300g water) and use a Danish whisk for the initial integration of the ingredients but then use dampened hands to squeeze through the mix to ensure everything is incorporated. I have never had a problem with flour in the finished loaf.
            Good luck!

          2. Ken, when you add the water in step 1 and stir it, make sure that there aren’t any dry pockets of flour in the dough.

        2. Sometimes the best ones aren’t the most beautiful, Claudette. So glad it turned out in the end.

  3. 5 stars
    Followed J Kenji Lopez-Alt suggestion.
    Altered it by folding 3 times to develop structure. Proofed in banetton. Baked on sheet pan with stainless steel bowl that I rinsed with water as lid for 25 min then removed n baked another 20. Nice crust and soft inside!

  4. 5 stars
    It’s difficult to get consistent results with volume measurements…. weight is the way to go. I use 500g of flour and 400g of water per loaf (½ teaspoon of dry yeast + 2 teaspoons of salt). I form the loaves and bake in oval cast iron casseroles.

    1. 5 stars
      Paul, I cannot get a double in the second rise. End result: good crust; lots if air bubbles, but inside is somewhat heavy-not light and airy. Any suggestions?

    2. If you look under the metric option the ingredients are measured in grams.
      I like to weight my ingredients too 🙂

    3. Those look great, Paul! And yes, we couldn’t agree more. If you have a scale, weight is the way to go.

  5. 5 stars
    My family loved this recipe, super easy to make, just needed time! It’s fun to use my new Dutch oven, and wow this did not disappoint. I love a good crusty loaf and plan to try new recipes!!

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